III B  Society

				To describe man,
				You do not study
				His world, but his mind.
				To describe society,
				You study its discussions
				Of public issues.

				Udo Frentzen	2015/21

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			III B 1	Remarks
				1a)	Approach
				1b)	Components
			III B 2	Standards
				2a)	Definition
				2b)	Intent
				2b)	Scope
				2d)	Generation
				2e)	Classification
				2f)	Scale
				2g)   Realization
			III B 3	Constitution
				3a)	Man
				3b)	Population
				3c)	Man - man relations
				3d)	Originator - Recipient
			III B 4	Construction
				4a)	Groups
				4b)	Social force
				4c)	Power
				4d)	Public discussion
				4e)	Problem solving
				4f)	Conflict solving
				4g)	Supervision
				4h)	Ethics
				4i)	Defence
			III B 5	Essentials
				5a)	Physiological base
				5b)	Economy
				5c)	Freedom
				5d)	Conviction
				5e)	Service society
			III B 6  Schools of social thought	
				6a)	Church
				6b)	State
				6c)	Economic marks
				6d)	Social marks
			III B 7	Scientific-technological development and expansion
				7a)	Goal attainment
				7b)	Rules
				7c)	Institutional efforts
				7d)	Co-determining factors
				7e)	Interactions
				7f)	Developmental marks
				7g)	Vulnerabilities
				7h)	Pseudo-mental products
				7i)	Excesses					
				7j)	Exploitation of the environment
				7k)	Political-military misdevelopments
				7l)	Pseudo-developments
				7m)	Results
			III B 8	Inhibiting factors
				8a)	Errors
				8b)	Intentional barriers
			III B 9	Summary
				9a)	Social forces
				9b)	Recipients
				9c)	Results
				9d)	Public accusations
				9e)	Self-extinction

				III B 1 Remarks

Intent of the essay is to take a stock check of society at the beginning of the 21st century.
Observer's position is questioning, reflective, defensive, hopeful, literary participation.
Definition of truth for the essay is: Have all essential parts of a durable society been considered?
All Bible quotations are out of Today’s New International Version (TNIV)
AAS  – Acta Apostolicae Sedis (eng)

Man stands at the center of his forces, their standards, generation, application and responsibility.
His convictions direct his intentions, conceptions, decisions and expressions.
They have generated all man made phenomena, for which he signs responsible and not society at large.
Today, the predominant social mark, political-scientific-technological-industrial-social exploitation of hu-
man and natural resources, can be symbolically represented as a techno-garden, where people feed on 
a poisoned apple a day, but are not allowed to eat the fruits of other trees: maturity, reason and faith.

1a) Approach
Approach is from an understanding of man as its first component.
1a1) Society is an object of human cognition.
1a2) A singular social fact as objective reality is fully depictable.
1a3) Society at large is not fully depictable for its multifariousness, complexity and open-endedness.
1a4) A model of its components cannot be scaled up or down over an extended length of time.
1a5) It is described within the frame of 2 cuts in time taken around a short representative period, where 
its components remain in detail retraceable, depictable, relatable and predictable.

1b) Components
Society, as a man made object, exists out of components and not as a single, defined, finished object.
They comprise the natural constitution, construction and essentials, being independent, intermeshing 
and build on each other to provide basic services.
1b1) Natural constitution
Nature given constitution comprises man, population and man - man relations, especially originator – re-
cipient interactions.
1b2) Construction
Society is constructed, transformed and destructed by man, groups, social forces, political-social forces, 
public discussions, problem solving, conflict solving, supervision, ethics and defence.
1b3) Essentials
Essentials of life and a durable society are a physiological base, a viable economy, freedom, conviction 
and basic services. They empower a society to fend off over time destruction from outer and inner forces.
1b4) Schools of social thought comprise mostly church, state, economic and social marks.
1b5) Scientific-technological development and expansion comprise mostly goal attainment, expansion 
rules, institutional efforts, co-determining factors, interactions, developmental marks, vulnerabilities, 
pseudo-mental products, excesses, exploitation of the environment, political-military misdevelopments, 
pseudo-developments and results.


				III  B  2  Standards

Standards entail mostly definition, purpose, scope, generation, classification, scale and application.
2a) Definition
Man’s standard, a self-set and self-interpreting value, is human dignity.
2b) Intent
2b1) Intent is to protect man, society and environment that human actions in freedom of choice with posi-
tive and negative consequences do not to fall back on themselves, but promote objective benefits.
2b2) Scaled up intent is to further telos of mind with sound mental concepts in ethical freedom.
2c) Scope
They apply to all subjective-objective, individual-collective, spiritual-human-natural objects in space-time.
There is not one object with at least one spiritual and human and natural aspect.
2d) Generation
Human dignity and deduced values are generated by designation of goods as being worth of protection.
2e) Classification
2e1) Spiritual values protect divine gifts to man.
2e2) Existential values protect basic human rights to life.
2e3) Humanitarian values protect basic personal rights to growth.
2e4) Environmental values protect basic rights of nature.
2e5) Cosmic values contribute to life, truth, unity and environment for the long term future of man.
2e6) Universal values apply to all objects on the globe in past, present and future.
2e7) Framework values combine all proper values of a social fabric.
2e8) Object values combine all proper values of a single object.
2f) Scale
Values are ordered hierarchically according to significance and range of validity and connected by an un-
broken interlinked tree structure. There are no values, which cannot be deduced from human dignity.
2f1) Primary values
   f1,1) Primary spiritual, existential, humanitarian and universal value is love, being kind, patient and 
   protecting. It abhors violence. It extends to the low (Mat 25,40), lost (Luk 15,4) and hostile (Mat 5,43).
   It extends equally to all disregarding origin, race, color, gender, age, position, wealth, culture and faith.
   f1,2) Primary to fourth values in a constitutional framework are often codified as basic human rights.
   f1,3) Primary universal natural value is integrity of nature.
2f2) Secondary spiritual, humanitarian, universal and natural value is truth. It abhors deception.
It extends to all objects in reach of self-awareness, curiosity, imagination and ambition.
   f2,1) Truth is found by cognition, first by an intruding, observing, questioning, investigating search, ex-
   hausting available means to generate knowledge.
   f2,2) Investigating an object, truth is in respect to God a comprehensive analysis towards innocence, 
   in respect to man and nature a comprehensive analysis in spirit of man and in integrity of nature.
   Their research adding each other, they stand on a linked, equal, balanced and cooperating level.
   f2,3) Truth in its narrow context means third party non-falsifiable congruence of an object with its de-
   scription in one to one accuracy from property to term to sign to communication to documentation.
   Established is a logical linked equivalence between real object and linguistic term.
   f2,4) Truth in its wider context means an accurate, complete, transparent. objective description of an 
   object within the dimensions of man's radius of action and responsibilities.
   f2,5) Truth in its cosmic context means an accurate, scaled up, objective description of an object within 
   the dimensions of nature and the infinite.
   f2,6) Truth in a social framework means freedom of knowledge from generation to application.
2f3) Tertiary, existential, humanitarian, universal and primary social value is unity of mankind.
It abhors segregation. It is based on equity and justice with the rule of law.
2f4) Fourth humanitarian and universal values are freedoms, emancipation and common welfare.
2f5) Professional standards are guidelines of state of the art field knowledge and praxis.
2f6) Item specific standards are benchmarks of properties and performance.
2g) Realization is by design, feedback, public discussion, regulation, supervision and litigation.
Design entails proper formulation, combination and conflict solving of standards.


				III  B  3  Constitution

Society naturally constitutes itself out of man, a population and man-man relations.

3a) Man
Man's natural constitution is described in the essay III A Man 3.
It includes physical growth, needs and drives, motivations, the senses, memory, emotions, psychic activi-
ties, mental activities and anthropological characteristics.

3b) Population
A population is a group of individuals with a shared characteristic as a part within the world population, 
representing present mankind.
It is empirically observable, measurable, describable, analysable and statistically predictable.
Its summary characteristics are measured by a census with eg representative samples and enumerative 
counts of individuals eg at a time and place, as registered citizens and by residency permits.
3b1) A Mendel-Population is a larger group of organisms with sexual diploid propagation in panmixia.
3b2) Ethnic groups can have in common eg territory, ecology, ancestry, gene pool, origin myth, history, 
language, knowledge, skills, culture, rituals and religion.
3b3) Self-organizing groups with mutually supporting members can have in common eg
Situation as eg roped party; territory by eg residency in a region; community as eg tribe or city; associa-
tion with eg special interest; corporation with eg membership; history with eg political-social experience; 
legal status of eg citizenship; political organization as eg state; psychological factor like eg myth.
3b4) Population formation
   b4,1) Forces of generation are eg reproduction, adoption, immigration, asylum, political-social growth 
   programs, integration, naturalization, association, merger, unification and territorial gain.
   b4,2) Forces of extinction are eg sterility, abortion, birth control, famine, epidemic, genetic aberration, 
   emigration, disenfranchisement, expulsion, territorial loss, accident, crime and war.
   b4,3) Its status is measured in a census with eg representative samples and surveys and enumerative 
   counts of individuals eg at a time and place, as registered citizens and by residency permits.
   b4,4) Rates of change are measured as the speed of increase/decrease over two time periods.
   b4,5) Trends are measured as eg boom, growth, equilibrium, variation, aberration, shift and decline.
   b4,6) Events are recorded as eg starting-, turning, -saddle, -end points, incisions and breaks.
3b5) Population structures
   b5,1) Demographic are eg birth, origin, age, age distribution, gender, gender distribution, marriages, 
   divorces, martial status, children, family size, households, residency, retirement, death, population 
   size, -composition, -density, -distribution, relocation, migration, immigration and emigration.
   b5,2) Geographic are eg region, terrain, territorial shape and their cohesion.
   b5,3) Biologic are eg weight, height, color, nutrition, health, fitness, general fertility, age specific fertili-
   ty, total fertility, reproductive span, diseases, disabilities, mortality, infant mortality, neonatal mortality, 
   causes of death, age specific death rates, life expectancy, health risk factors, events prevented and 
   treated, infec-tion incidence and reproduction number.
   b5,4) Environmental are eg food, drink, clothing, housing, education, health care, transportation, traffic, 
   factors of sustainability, welfare, emergency assistance and penal systems.
   b5,5) Economic across all fields of activity are eg income, -distribution, consumption, savings, invest-
   ments, R&D, depts, inflation, net worth, company register, occupation, unemployment, job changes, 
   productivity, living standard, subsidies, taxes, NDP, GDP, business cycles and trade balances.
   b5,6) Ecologic are eg state of natural resources, climate, air, water, soil, flora and fauna.
   b5,7) Cultural are eg community, language, education, religion, solidarity, arts, travel and sports.
   b5,8) Political are eg political-social character and infrastructure with eg nationality, class formation, 
   majority-minority status, political parties, NGOs, freedom of the press, free elections, eligible voters, 
   military service, human rights, rooms of tolerance, participation, mobility and integration.
   b5,9) Foreign exchanges are on the micro-level eg bilingualism, international communication, foreign 
   jobs, travel and on the macro-level eg international trade, finance and diplomacy.
3b6) Inhibiting factors
Populations are immediately exposed to all hostile factors of life, especially to misuses of power.
Misuses of power can be eg formation control like strangulation, resettlement and expulsion, transfor-
mation into a cyborg - chimera with programmable augmented capabilities, replacement by eg robotized 
androids, decimation by eg democide and elimination by eg genocide.


3c) Man - man relations
A relation connects, constructs and carries an expression with its factors from an originator along an in-
teracting path to a recipient. The link is as firm and fragile as all of the human constitution.
3c1) Originator can be any natural, legal and virtual person, group of persons and interacting device, also 
a plant or animal.
3c2) Recipient can be an object of any class.
3c3) Intentions range from well wishes to crime.
3c4) Content can be an object of any class.
Lasting human relations require equitability and maintenance.
3c5) Functions are eg to 
   c5,1) Connect subjects and objects.
   c5,2) Transmit people, information, goods and money.
   c5,3) Transmit spiritual, human and physical forces.
   c5,4) Construct bondage qualities.
3c6) Base patterns are
   c6,1) Source in time and space: base point and area.
   c6,2) Lines in time: singular, sequential and parallel.
   c6,3) Lines in space: straight, curve, fork, star, cycle, loop, intersection and crossover.
   c6,4) Directions in space: unidirectional, reciprocal and multidirectional.
   c6,5) Connections in space: direct, over a station and around an obstacle.
   c6,6) End points in time and space: closed, fading out, dissipating and open ended.
3c7) A sociogram, an in- or out-directed wire diagram with sources, lines and end points graphically repre-
sents eg persons, groups, objects, relations, activities, magnitudes and conditions.
   c7,1) In time: a flow chart, a row of interactions, describes the sequential relations within a group.
   It contains with its base pattern eg tasks, points of actions, speeds, durations and interruptions.
   c7,2) In space: a tree chart, an arrangement of interactions, describes the structural relations within a 
   group. It contains with its base pattern eg centers, clusters, peripheries, appendices, redundancies, ob-
   stacles, breaks to trace eg hierarchies, networks, outposts and points of action like initiation, operation, 
   decision, event, move, reception, feedback, evaluation and termination.
   c7,3) Example of a tree chart

	Persons A, B, C, .     Natural objects Onx          Man made objects Omx             Conditions cx 
	Relations Rx            Barriers bx                        Points of decision and flow change px 

3c8) Characteristics
Characteristics of man - man relations comprise the innumerable aspects of man and environments eg
essential-minor, central-peripheral, positive-negative, active-passive, equitable-inequitable, free-coerced, 
new-old, original-copied, planned-circumstantial, related-unrelated, expected-unexpected, singular-re-
peated, simultaneous-sequential, personal-impersonal, reliable-unreliable, stable-labile, indispensable-
substitutable, routine-non-routine, short-long term and range, sound-degenerate, creative-imitative, vivid-
in ruins, unique-common, example setting-uninspiring, predictable-unpredictable, calculable-incalculable, 
sustainable-unsustainable, environmentally compatible-incompatible, profit-non profit, functional-defect, 
efficient-wasteful, structured-amorphous, formal-informal, verbal-written, actual-potential, factual-sym-
bolic, manifest-latent, simple-complex, single-multi-channel, horizontal-vertical, low-high density, contin-
uous-intermittent, regenerating-dying out, flexible-rigid, dynamic-ossified, mobile-stationary, calm-ex-
cited, falling short-excessive, sought for-intruded upon, observed-unobserved, supervised-independent, 
plain-encoded, disguised-transparent, with-without consequences.
3c9) Inhibiting factors at the base level are restrictions of freedoms of eg movement, speech, flow of in-
formation/goods/money, assembly, profession, culture and religion.
Relations are extremely sensitive indicators, detecting minor disparities in social weights between the eg 
powerful-less and rich-poor, also minor claims to dominance in etiquette, worldview, culture and religion.


3d) Originator - Recipient
Basic function of a relation is to transmit information, goods and money from an originator to a recipient.
3d1) Originator
Originator is mostly a natural or legal person, utilizing a controlled force, mechanism, path and medium 
of transmission for delivery.
3d2) Information
d2,1) Raw data are signs on a substrate.
d2,2) They become information by coding, syntax, semantics and pragmatics.
d2,3) A unit of information conveys a fixed yes/no statement as a measurable quality and quantity.
It represents a specific property of an object of any class.
It can be handled by mechanical, chemical, bio-chemical-mechanical and electronical data processing.
d2,4) The units become a message, conveying a meaning, within context of a competent language.
d2,5) They require the standards of truth in its narrow, wider and cosmic context.
3d3) Goods
Goods can be natural materials, processed half-finished to finished goods and services.
3d4) Money
Money is a divisible, transferable standard unit of pricing in circulation of a community and its markets.
3d5) Transmission
   d5,1) Transmission is by directed or non-directed conveyance, conduction, convection and radiation.
   d5,2) Sensory signals run from source to encoder, emitter, channel, receiver, decoder to recipient.
   d5,3) Forces of transmission, utilized by humans, animals, technical devices are eg bio-mechanical, 
   gravitational, mechanical, electro-magnetic, optical, chemical, bio-chemical, biological and genetic.
   d5,4) Encoding ranges from plain-encrypted artefact, spoken word, written text to technological signal.
   d5,5) Channels utilize a medium of transmission with eg practicability, reliability and cost efficiency.
   d5,6) Big Data volumes, velocities and varieties are handled by high capacity computers.
   d5,7) Losses can be by friction, absorption, reflection, dispersion, dissipation, leakage, interference.
   d5,8) Performance measures are eg universality, practicality, flexibility, reliability, consistency, re-
   quired infrastructure, energy consumption, volume, speed, operating-obstacle safety and costs.
3d6) Medium
   d6,1) Medium of transmission is a naturally present substance, a physical object or a technological in-
   frastructure, allowing transmission from a sender over a distance to a receiver, eg
	d6,1,1) Vacuum or open-enclosed, uniform-composite solid, liquid, gas and plasma.
	d6,1,2) A bound, stationary device like a conveying belt, tube, cable, signal emitter or gun.
	d6,1,3) An independently moving carrier like an animal, man, truck, train, plane or rocket.
   d6,2) Surroundings of a carrier can be vacuum, a material in any state and a force of any kind with 
   specific conditions of eg light, wind, current, temperature, pressure, shear, height difference, barrier.
   d6,3) Performance measures are eg universality, speed, efficiency, reliability and costs.
3d7) Recipient
Recipient is addressee of the originator, who can take identical, opposite and interchanging roles.
   d7,1) Recipient can be any object, a spiritual, natural, social, human and man made one.
   d7,2) A human recipient can be eg intended addressee, interested party, bystander, intervener, reflec-
   tive non-participating observer, the population at large, retrospective researcher and interpreter.
   d7,3) First task of a recipient is cognition to decipher the originator's communication, action, intention 
   and conception within the interactive situation, context and environment.
   d7,4) Approach ranges from anticipation to biased expectation to traumatized walling off.
   d7,5) Main approach is to arrive at an objective description, interpretation and evaluation.
   d7,6) In the response, the recipient acts as an originator.
   d7,7) Desired result is a sound design of response comparable to a sound design of expression.
   d7,8) A response can propagate by eg word of mouth, private/public media and teaching.
   Impact history describes dia- and synchronic lines from an originator to a number of third parties.
   d7,9) Situations can be eg relaxed or stressed, friendly or treacherous, tête-à-tête or in a crowd, off or 
   online, near or far, private or public, informal or formal, with or without background knowledge.
   d7,10) Environments can be eg stimulus, reward, expectation, indifference, punishment, coercion.
   d7,11) Evaluation is by the standards of communication and action.


				III  B  4  Construction

Society is constructed out of man, groups, social forces, political-social power, public discussions, prob-
lem solving, conflict solving, supervision, ethics, defence and essentials.
The human mind is the conscious internal processing, decision making and external executive organ of 
sensual, physical, psychic, mental and spiritual activities. It has generated all man made phenomena.
Mental tools of construction are mainly intentions, conceptions, experience, cognition, comprehension 
and convictions.
Man signs responsible for his actions and is to be set at the center of social responsibilities.
Society is not a real or legal person, it does not plan, communicate, act or reflect in self-understanding.

Preconditions of man
 ◦ Physiological preconditions are autonomy of body and mind with an alert consciousness.
 ◦ Framework preconditions are guaranties of safety, freedoms of movement, thought, speech, assembly, 
   profession, the press, the arts, religion and access to education.
 ◦ Preforms remain on the stage of infantilism, primitivism, naivety, cliché, impulse and blind imitation.
 ◦ Basic cultural prerequisites are language, mathematics, logic, method and data processing.
Preconditions of society
 ◦ Preconditions of man.
 ◦ Autonomy of the two other constitutive components: population and man – man relations.
 ◦ Protection against inhibiting factors, as its constitution will always remain a highly vulnerable base.

4a) Groups
4a1) Originator
Originator is mostly a natural or legal person or a community of purpose as eg 1st originator, often devel-
oping leadership, co-originator, party member, doer, mover, supporter, participant, worker, helper, as-
senter, lobbyist, éminence grise, expert, counsellor, sponsor, investor, public relations worker, reporter, 
sympa-thizer, flatterer, profiteer, propagandist and sociological intervener.
4a2) Growth processes
Social growth processes reflect the characteristics of human relations and predetermine the style and at-
mosphere of the ensuing group, eg productive-destructive, narrow-broad, urgent-visionary, ostentatious-
inconspicuous, spontaneous-preplanned, impulsive-hesitant and publicly discussed-proprietary.
   a2,1) Base processes run from goal definition to choice of means to goal attainment and are mostly
   Pre-formation, initiation, propagation and termination
	a2,1,1) Pre-forming discussions raise a social issue within its environmental opportunities and con-
	straints, leading as teleological motor to a decision to define a goal and to form a motivated, compe-
	tent team, able to satisfy expectations.
	a2,1,2) Initiation, mostly group centered decision making, entails eg storming, forming, topic focus, 
	direction, goal definition, norming, choice of place and time, pooling of human, material, financial re-
	sources, organizational stratification with structures, processes, functions, tasks and working units.
	Members can develop trust, cohesion and a self-aware collective identity by eg instrumental, utile, 	
	psychological, social and behavioral bonds.
	a2,1,3) Propagation, mostly function centered recruitment, institutionalization, continuation and con-
	centration, entails eg strategies and tactics, implementation of projects, campaigns by word of 
	mouth and public relation campaigns to gain more impact; public discussions with feedback evalua-
	tion; solving of legal, logistical, technical aspects, uncertainties, tensions, disagreements and adjust-
	ments to changes.
	a2,1,4) Termination can be because of eg project completion, longer disruption or failure, lack of will 	
	or resources, diffusion, change of environmental conditions and in-external conflicts.
   a2,2) Basic mechanisms are association, addition, multiplication, reduction and dissociation.
   a2,3) Modi range from chaotic mass behavior to an organized developing campaign.
   a2,4) Paths can be con-discontinuous, linear-exponential, in steps, stages, phases, cycles, thrusts, 
   uni-bi-multidirectional and singular-parallel.
   a2,5) Base states are absent, potential, latent, stand by, present and active.
   a2,6) Base levels are micro, meso and macro, nationally and internationally.
   a2,7) Dynamics, positive-negative, evolve by in-external impulses with eg rising-sinking rewards, multi-
   plication-dissolution of membership, addition-abandonment of tasks and cross level influences.


4a3) Semi groups
Semi-groups develop in a stratified population and share a typical common characteristic like eg power-
full-powerless, rich-poor, independent-dependent, men-women, young-old, egoistic-altruistic, voters-non-
voters, students-workers, city-suburb dwellers, fair housing-slum dwellers, drinkers-teetotallers.
4a4) Small groups
Small groups share a specific, typical relation and is represented by eg a head or spokesman.
   a4,1) They can be eg a team, club, party, coterie, cycle, clique, band, gang, mop, horde, clan, cadre, 
   squad, cohort, connection, collective, faction, splinter group, out group, counter group, marginal group, 
   cult, sect, staff, committee, panel, firm, company, corporation, co-operative, institute, agency, founda-
   tion, syndicate, trust and elite with eg friends, fans and supporters.
   a4,2) They can be classified as primary intimate, secondary task and tertiary situational groups.
   a4,3) They can be further classified as eg public-private, profit-non-profit, me too-innovative, cohe-	
   sive-splintered and continuously-intermittently active.
4a5) Associations
   Loose to organized associations share mostly a comparable activity and style of operation and are re-
   presented by eg a 1st secretary, chairman of the board, union leader or presiding master.
   They can be eg a liaison, league, union, class, caste, discipline, professional field and secret society 
   with advisors, agents, experts, lobbyists, followers, adherers, clientele and support groups.
4a6) Larger social formations
Larger social formations serve a single purpose like an interest formation up to a multitude of spiritual, 
human and material functions like a state and are represented by eg a president, king or bishop.
   a6,1) They can be eg associations like a class, elite, political party, partnership, alliance, federation, 
   network, colony, church, state, commonwealth, nation, block of satellite states and system.
   a6,2) Systems are rationalized, function oriented rooms of operation. They
	a6,2,1) Program factors of goal attainment like human, scientific, financial and natural resources.
	a6,2,2) Codetermine political-legal-social-frameworks, character and atmosphere.
4a7) Social cohesion is desired by all social formations as eg solidarity, trust, integration and mobility 
within the population with strangers-known people, lower-higher echelons, cross-social groups, inter-
dependent parties, present-future generations. Indispensable for a well functioning democracy, econo-
my and civic society, it is often promoted by institutions, frameworks and the social mentality.
4a8) Strength can be measured against overall national activities by eg significance of issue, mix of pro-
ducts and services, employees, radius and rights of actions, gross sales, market share, quotes in the 
private, public and foreign sectors, public presence and recognition, image and resources.
4a9) Acceptance can be measured by eg growth rate, number of complains and history of conflicts.


4b) Social force
A social force is a larger motivational, cause setting political-social engine to realize a social issue with a 
large scale effect in weight, number, time or place.
It is identified first by its name, representative, constitution, political-social philosophy, goal, means, re-
sources, interrelations, environments and gains.

It grows out of human needs and drives. It demands ever new stimulation, satisfaction and expansion to 
quickly transgress with accumulated human and material resources and aggressive means like deception 
and violence the boundaries of man, society, nature and sound theology.
Its intentional trains can start at any station and run into any direction over any number of stations.
It develops an individual design of expression and a line of mental-physical implementation.
It grows from the individual, subjective onto the collective, objective level.
It forms groups, associations and larger social formations with
 ◦ Self-organizations towards complex structures and processes.
 ◦ Self-preservation with mechanisms of survival and regeneration.
 ◦ Self-determination with strategic-tactical lines of goal attainment.
 ◦ Self-realization into micro, meso and macro dimensions.
 ◦ Self-presentation for demonstration of eg identity, goals and principles.
It augments human capabilities with an institution, with a higher order political-social construction, with a 
technical device and with systematic research and development.
It increases its forces by interaction with others on the regional, national and international levels.
Its major characteristic is variety.
Any object, a hidden drive or open idea, can become a social issue.
It touches all subjective and objective phenomena, their forces, characteristics, relations and realities.
It touches all class relations: man – man, man – society, man – society – nature and man – society – God. It 
is subject to their class-boundaries.
It develops for each object of goal attainment a corresponding conception within an overall world view. It 
is subject to the construction rules of sound mental products.
It has established by construction, restraint and destruction all man made phenomena.
It is able to advance, preserve and destroy man, society and nature.

4b1) Goals
The goal defines the purpose of the social force.
   b1,1) Intentions range from charity to non-profit to egocentricity.
   b1,2) Objects range from relief effort to the professional fields to utopian vision.
   b1,3) The goal represents the responsible personnel with function, operations and code of ethics.
   b1,4) It is documented in a constitution with name, logo, address and self-presentation.
   b1,5) It reflects public image, record and acceptance.
   The record tracks eg management activities, successes, breakpoints and failures.
   b1,6) Success radiates leadership and competence.
   b1,7) Failures lead to eg course correction, reorganization, operational revision and shut down.
4b2) Means
Means pool human and material resources to realize a goal.
They range from enlightenment to legal regulation to military dictation.
The active components are mostly information, capital, labor and natural-processed resources.
   b2,1) Desirable non-violent means stress standards of truth, justice and peace with democratic means 
   of problem/conflict solving by public discussions to argue and convince.
   b2,2) Aggressive means solely explore possibilities, maximise results, minimize efforts, remove obsta-
   cles and optimize for profit, sales, market share and reduction of costs.
   b2,3) Their major operational tools are institutions and technical devices.
   Administrative institutions direct operations towards goal attainment with eg assignment of manpower, 
   resources, tasks, flow of information, goods, services and money.
   Technical devices are designed for functionality with eg effectivity, performance, quality, reliability, prac-
   ticability, user friendliness and safety.
   Special tasks can be handled by eg an expert panel and function designed IT apps.
   b2,4) Promotion engages lobbyists and public relation managers for eg information generation, analy-
   sis, exchange, presentation, argumentation, negotiation, persuasion, deception and pressure.


4b3) Resources
   b3,1) Human resources range from a heterogeneous base to population wide support.
   b3,2) Natural resources range from common desolation to abundance of raw materials.
   b3,3) Knowledge resources range from investigative effort to professional community.
   b3,4) Administrative resources range from home office to business headquarter.
   b3,5) Technological resources range from a basic tool to high tech equipment.
   b3,6) Financial resources range from oppressive debts to accumulated savings.
   b3,7) Media resources range from a spokesman to multi media empire.
   b3,8) Network shared resources range from information exchange to technology transfer.
   b3,9) Alliance shared resources range from user rights to combat support.
4b4) Interrelations
Positive and negative interrelations between social forces range from disregard to interwoven ties.
Interdependencies exist between all populations, groups, markets, resources and environments.
They are determined largely by their political-legal-commercial-social goals, where the forces’ claims 
often go off into opposite extremes at the others' expense, until every vacuum of power is exhausted.
   b4,1) Base states are domination, equilibrium and subordination.
   b4,2) Base processes are liberation, adaptation, association, cooperation, codetermination, supple-
   mentation, co-existence, competition, isolation, counteraction, dictation, take-over and invasion.
   b4,3) Positive interactions in the professional fields are eg in
   ◦ The sciences: information exchange, interdisciplinary research and transfer of technologies.
   ◦ Commerce: trade agreements with investments and integration of markets.
   ◦ Politics: military agreements to set up a security network.
   ◦ Culture: international festivals and foreign exchange programs.
   b4,4) Convergence of interests can be by eg rapprochement, clarification, verification, joint venture.
   b4,5) A productive balance between larger social formations with their political-social impulses can be 	
   found in a 'heterozygous mix' in a specific historic situation. It is established by their advocates, con-
   stituencies, organizations and planning panels in cross interactions, where all camps contribute to 
   each other.
   b4,6) Interrelations with natural environments range from cultivation to preservation to destruction.
4b5) Environments
Social forces co-determine spiritual, social and natural environmental states, changes and boundaries.
They are long term in- and external, interacting variables of individual and collective lives.
They are as social heritage result of past and present trend setting social forces and visible as the entire-
ty of longer lasting mental-human-natural products.
They are legally treated as a non-contractual framework with favorable and restrictive conditions.
 ◦ Spiritual state is tangible in ethical-legal standards.
 ◦ Mental state ranges from open mindedness to intellectual ossification.
 ◦ Mentality state ranges from sacrificial support to pathologic defiance.
 ◦ Cultural state ranges from avant-garde optimism to post modern disillusion.
 ◦ Vitality state ranges from buzzing live to uniform lethargy.
 ◦ Executive state range from public services to totalitarianism.
 ◦ Legal state range from constitutionality to arbitrariness.
 ◦ Judiciary state ranges from conflict solving to might is right.
 ◦ Economic state ranges from surplus to lack of necessities.
 ◦ Financial state ranges from accumulated savings to suffocating debts.
 ◦ Social state range from eu- to dysfunctional institutions.
 ◦ Media state ranges from pluralistic opinions to hyper-reality.
 ◦ Human infrastructure ranges from cosmopolitanism to ghost towns.
 ◦ Human-material infrastructure ranges from common services to social desolation.
 ◦ Corruptive state ranges from petty to organized crime.
 ◦ Natural environment comprises heliosphere and biosphere with energy, matter, flora and fauna.


Changes are caused by eg new emerging motivations and trends in long term goal attainment.
Avant-gardes exist in all professional fields and as new social movements.
Changes are signalized qualitatively and quantitatively by leading, coincident and lagging indicators.
 ◦ Basic stages are pre-, present- and post-form.
 ◦ Basic processes are association, addition, multiplication, reduction and dissociation.
 ◦ Common processes are eg aberration, shift, trend, accumulation, evolution, development, accommo-
   dation, integration, unification, regeneration, transformation, reform, restoration, reversal, rearrange-
   ment, interruption, displacement, reduction, diffusion, disintegration, collapse and revolution.
 ◦ Modi are eg direction, spread, range, intensity, rate, degree, gradient, volatility and dynamics.
 ◦ Paths are eg long term thrust, zig-zag fluctuation, cyclical fluctuation, branching off, scattering off, 
   turn-around, jump, interruption, incision and dead end.
 ◦ Predictions are made by futurology, ranging from utopian to apocalyptic scenarios. Utilized are eg data 
   collection, analysis, comparative study, modeling, simulation, extrapolation and speculation.
 ◦ End is by eg intent, deficiency, changed environments and conflict.
Boundaries are man's limits of spiritual, mental and physical capabilities.
 ◦ Spiritual limits
   ◦◦ The distance God - man is infinite, God being the creator of heaven and the earth.
   ◦◦ Theological teaching is advanced by spiritual forces through faith and sound theology.
 ◦ Mental limits
   ◦◦ Man is born in the original and common state of non-knowledge and over centuries acquired know-
      ledge constitutes only a drop out of an ocean.
   ◦◦ Limits of free phantasy exceed factual knowledge by leagues. Below limits, inspiration abounds, but
      rarely approaches general fundamentals or far out extremes.
   ◦◦ Mental states are improved by social forces through maturity, research and development.
 ◦ Natural limits
   ◦◦ Man is extremely vulnerable in his natural environment to needs, diseases and dangers.
      Traces of natural and synthesized germs, viruses and toxins, not visible to the eye, can be lethal.
   ◦◦ Limits of action are set by the possibilities of existing energy, matter, space and time.
      Man can utilize and alter conditions, but he cannot create out of his own new physical forces.
   ◦◦ Natural limits are expanded by social forces through reason, research and development.
 ◦ Class boundaries are sound theology towards God, reason towards nature, ethics towards society and 
   maturity towards man himself.
4b6) Gains
A social force extends the individual-collective, political-social weight and radius of action by gaining for 
its stakeholders eg channels of private and official communication, positive action by legislative and exe-
cutive authorities, advice by scientific, technological, industrial, commercial, social communities, backing 
by financial sponsors and favourable reports in the public press to gain a positive public image, realize a 
specific project, set up an advantageous political-legal framework, push a political-social program, coin 
the political-social character and engineer future developments.


4c) Power
Power is human capability of expression. It is part of every human communication and action and as poli-
tical-social power part of every group’s and larger social formation’s short to long term activity.
Its universal standard is to furnish an answer to the questions of truth and righteousness.
4c1) Major active components are intention, conception and expression with their selected means.
4c2) Scope ranges from non-expression to expression to expression-roll back.
4c3) Capabilities are described by its radius of action, ranging today from survival in cosmic dimensions 
to the self-extinction of mankind.
4c4) Classification is by
 ◦ Source and field of activity as material, biological, personal, social and spiritual.
 ◦ Specific object as material fact or communicative statement.
 ◦ Means as raw-physical, rational-legal, financial-commercial, attractive-prestigious and spiritual-ethical.
 ◦ Modi as eg direct-indirect, sufficient-insufficient and open-hidden.
 ◦ Communication as identification, denotation, interpretation, evaluation, decision and disposition.
 ◦ Case as epistemic, deontic, dispositional, authoritative and pragmatic.
 ◦ Organization as positional, structural, processual and relational.
 ◦ Role as legitimation, reward, sanction, expert, model and charismatic.
 ◦ Result as beneficial or detrimental.
4c5) Political-social power is expanded by eg the
 ◦ Number of active players.
 ◦ Means, resources and range of leverage.
 ◦ Number of manipulable factors in a chain of action.
 ◦ Elimination of restraining and counter-acting factors.
 ◦ Aggressiveness of active players.
4c6) Political-social power is contained by eg a
 ◦ Power monopoly of an authorized, supervised and credible institution.
 ◦ Constitutional definition of institutions with legitimate responsibilities, tasks, means and results.
 ◦ Restriction in size, means, range, place and time of positions of power.
 ◦ Restriction to the fields of physical and social facts.
 ◦ Supervision of positions of power in their ambitions, activities and results.
 ◦ National – international institution for conflict solving by mediation, arbitration and litigation.
 ◦ National – international court system for trials and military peace missions.
4c7) Power with deception and violence is a dirty word. It is always an act of despair.
It is the vilest, lowest and most destructive of all lower instincts.
It has become the moral responsibility of all of the people on earth to fend off the for flora, fauna and hu-
mans looming globally annihilating effects of modern technological means of mass destruction. -
There is not one legitimate cause, that cannot be achieved with non-violent means.
4c8) Political-social power's generation, possession, delegation, negotiation, execution and oversight 
rest de-facto in by political parties contested centers of legislative, executive, judicative and scientific-
technological-commercial institutions with hierarchical structures and processes, unrolling a multitude of 
omnipresent, autopoiesic, heterogeneous, public-private, open-hidden, soft-forcing circles of relations, -
while the publicly sensitive ‘issue’ power is often tabooed by eg naturalization, charismatization, secrecy, 
disguise, suppression as well as ideologized and instrumentalized as a tool of power.
4c9) Today’s predominant power centers have condensed out of the military-intelligence-scientific-tech-
nological-industrial-financial-commercial communities. In misuse of power they maximize the required 
means to surmount political-social counterforces, to neutralize oversight authorities and to pursue as 
superpowers in possession of ABCGR weapons in- and external hegemonic policies.
Employed are mostly ‘soft’, clandestine means under the perversity label of ‘security’ out of militarily pro-
tected command centers with global telecommunication and surveillance systems to
 ◦ Control public opinion by eg manipulation of content, context, style and image of public media.
 ◦ Collect population wide individual profiles from all daily activities.
 ◦ Operate hit teams for targeted poisoning with B-C-G-R (bio-chemical-genetic-radiative) toxins.
 ◦ Channel individual behavior and program political-social structures and processes.


4d) Public discussion

				'Freedom is the Health of a Nation.'
				Criticism is the Health of an Individual.
				(derived from Ludwig Börne)

The pool of people comprises all affected and interested in the management of public affairs.
At introduction of an issue they are an amorphous, dispersed, non-related, non-organized aggregation of 
individuals in a common universe of discourse, moving towards a decision on action.
The pool of voices comprises contributions from the whole spectrum of the people.
The pool of issues comprises all phenomena demanding general recognition.
They are public by the universals of human dignity, welfare, truth, knowledge and codetermination.
4d1) Intentions range from investigative effort to information exchange to image fascism.
4d2) Main intent is to embed all factors of cognition into political-social decision making.
Scaled up intent is to arrive at a durable society with efficient problem-conflict solving.
4d3) Conceptions range from a pedagogic to a news to a manipulative forum.
4d4) Main conception is an open forum of participation for a broad range of opinions.
Scaled up conception is constitutionality with non-violent means of problem-conflict solving.
4d5) Means are enlightenment: cognition, discussion, vote, regulation, realization and supervision.
Enlightenment overcomes with the standards of truth, justice and peace hostile inhibiting factors.
4d6) Focussing on the issue and its ramifications may require a probing, global search under an appar-
ently calm surface to uncover relevant factors with spreading and growing impact.
Collected are eg aspirations, interests, hopes, expectations, grievances, despair, threats and emer-
gencies, often rallying points for corrective actions. The issue is classified by its professional field as 
eg project, theme, problem or open question on an agenda of theoretical and practical tasks.
4d7) Human resources for voluntary and mandatory contributions comprise all people for their diverse 
backgrounds, experiences, praxis, knowledge, expertise, esprit and lifestyles, eg affected, responsible, 
interested and recruited parties, lone voices, whistle blowers, investigators, reporters, commentators, 
writers, publishers, moderators, organizers. managers, lobbyists, political-social representatives, district 
attorneys, judges, witnesses, regulators, administrators and professional experts.
4d8) Publication in public media reaches interested local, national and global audiences.
4d9) Formation of public opinion
   d9,1) Investigations apply the subjective, relational and objective tools of cognition, especially to scrape 
   out relevant facts, causal chains, intentions, conceptions and to filter out eg illusions, superstitions, pseu-
   do-mental products, error, deception and pressure.
   d9,2) Definition delineates the central issue, relevance and possible options.
   d9,3) Justification of an option lays out arguments of need, desirability and merit.
   d9,4) Criticism of an option lays out counter-arguments of non-need, waste and demerit.
   d9,5) Argumentation is by eg causality, generality, probability, plausibility and in proportionality, allow-
   ing transparent, recognizable and correctable truth tracking.
   Arguments can be with eg flattery, encouragement, assent, advice, table of facts, interpretation, de-
   mand, guarantee, vision, ridicule, persiflage, satire, warning, correction and accusation.
   d9,6) Presentation can be eg in public forums, multi media, open letters, petitions and memoranda.
   d9,7) Stable opinions are arrived at after tentative deliberation, often with assistance by advisory and 
   expert panels in a specific political-social-natural context.
   d9,8) Formation of parties, represented by spokesmen and their organizations, collects various diverg-
   ing opinions in groups with common sentiments, interests, goals, programs, convictions, slogans, sym-
   bols, cultural backgrounds and worldviews.
   d9,9) Negotiations between parties entails choice of place, time and proceedings in a public-private fo-
   rum with bargaining, working out of an agreeable solution and a public announcement.
   d9,10) Opinion polls predict by extrapolation from a sample the strength and distribution of political-
   social-commercial attitudes within a population.
4d10) Decision, a collective product, is the central, radial point, bundling discussions towards a vote, 
pooling and distributing resources and handing the event over to the chronicles.
Deciding weights can be eg numbers, persuasiveness, promotion and absence of fear to accept it.


4d11) Public record
Public discussions, omissions and distortions are the main representation of present day society.
They are a historic record of the predominant social forces, their achievements and failures, responsible 
for the present state of affairs. A public decision with case history of collective consent and conflict gives 
material evidence of political-social self-understanding and state of the human mind of the epoch as it 
regards knowledge of man, society, nature and God as tool of power or welfare.
4d12) Social environments comprise all codetermining factors with usages, etiquettes and taboos.
4d13) Excesses are eg show off, language game and variation of surface decoration.
4d14) Inhibiting factors are eg common inertia, superficial media, special interests of cognition, public 
opinion, decision and realization, eliminating general public participation by eg propaganda, censorship, 
deception and violence.
4d15) Evaluation is by the standards of truth.

4e) Problem solving
4e1) Main intention is to alleviate a natural or human deficiency, threatening a physical damage, which 
can be solved mostly by institutional and technical means.
4e2) Issues range from daily needs to creeping erosions to catastrophic incisions.
4e3) Standards are those of human dignity, integrity of nature and their value scale.
4e4) Legal sources are national constitutions with their bodies of law and international law.
4e5) Human resources comprise the spectrum of the population with project leaders, advisory panels, an 
infrastructure of educational, administrative and commercial institutions and the scientific community.
4e6) Material resources comprise the means of existing-set up and private-public institutions.
4e7) Decision is cast by a vote of the community.
4e8) Implementation is achieved by eg planning, financing, realization and supervision.

4f) Conflict solving
Political-legal resolution constitutes the most urgent ethical-institutional task as social forces are mostly 
in conflict, in a permanent war with opposing interests. Today they clash as misuses of power with insti-
tutional-technological tools of mass misapplication and destruction for exploitation of all tangible re-
sources around the globe at the expense of people's and nature's rights, - having replaced nation build-
ing conflicts of the past.
4f1) Mediation
   f1,1) Main intention is to solve a conflict out of opposing interests voluntarily on satisfactory terms within
   a frame of common interests by an assisting mediator.
   f1,2) Parties are individuals, national and international organizations and sovereign nations.
   f1,3) Issues are private, public, case specific and general conflicts in all fields of life.
   f1,4) The mediator reaches an agreement out of best knowledge and responsibilities of the parties.
   f1,5) Implementation is by mutually agreed on actions.
4f2) Arbitration
   f2,1) Main intention is to solve a conflict out of opposing interests by submitting it to clause specified, 
   binding determination by an arbitrator within a contractual frame aside from local, uncertain practices.
   f2,2) Parties are individuals, national and international organizations and sovereign nations.
   f2,3) Issues are private, public, case specific and general conflicts in all fields of life.
   f2,4) The arbitrator reaches a decision by assessment of the rights of the parties.
   f2,5) Implementation of awards is by attending parties with local executory force.
4f3) Litigation on the national level
   f3,1) Main intent is to solve a conflict between social parties by a suit at the court of jurisdiction.
   f3,2) Parties are individuals, private, public institutions on the city, county, state and national levels.
   f3,3) Issues are conflicts out of private, social, commercial and public life.


4f4) Litigation on the international level
   f4,1) Main intent is to fend off a conflict with acute violence, threatening human, material and environ-
   mental damages, to be solved by political mediation, arbitration and litigation in combinations to work 
   towards mutually advantageous rapprochement by eg clarification, de-escalation, incentives, competi-
   tion, compromise, co-operation, compensation, reconciliation, levelling of undue inequalities and as a 
   last resort by tribunal and intervention with military force.
   f4,2) Parties are individuals, national and international organizations and sovereign nations.
   f4,3) Issues are violations of human and nature's rights, affecting in first line individuals and their im-
   mediate surroundings by exploitation, torture, terrorism, civil strife, war and environmental destruction.
   f4,4) Standards are observation of internationally, legally protected human and nature’s rights in equal-
   ity and universality with compensation for damages, access by relief organizations and the press.
   f4,5) Legal sources are national constitutions with their bodies of law, global customs, accepted behav-
   ior, codifications by agreements, resolutions and treaties, interpretations and supranational law.
   A Charta of the Community of Nations and Organizations, being ratified by members and binding in 
   their decisions, comprises task specific Conventions on Human Rights, on Nature's Rights, on War 
   and Weapons, Mandates of Inspection, Prosecution, Entitlement, Implementation and Oversight.
   f4,6) Human resources are contributions out of the international political-legal-diplomatic community.
   f4,7) Institutional-material resources are an International Court System, adjudicating international poli-
   tical-legal issues and an International Executive Political-Military Panel with standing, standby and ex-
   pandable armed forces, set up by contributions of the International Community.
   f4,8) Inspection investigates violations of human and nature's rights globally across all fields of life.
   f4,9) Public trial is initiated by party charge and prosecution by the International Court.
   f4,10) Evidence by established proof of facts comprises all relevant aspects with eg facts of the
   case, motivations, actions, damages, violations, environments, prospects and historic constellation.
   f4,11) Parties are called to court at its site in public sessions according to criminal proceedings.
   f4,12) Decision is made by the International Court with Entitlement to determine political goals and 
   means. Options are eg moral suasion, freezing of funds, diplomatic isolation, fine, compensation pay-
   ment, boycott, sanctions and military intervention with support of the victimized party.
   f4,13) Appeal of fact finding and decision is made before an International Political-Legal Forum.
   f4,14) Implementation rests on local authority and an International Executive Political-Military Panel.
   Oversight follows up on all steps taken from political initiatives to war operations to refugees.
   f4,15) A peace plan comprises eg treaty, basic human rights, reconstruction and international aid.
4f5) Environmental litigation
Man as part of nature stands at their intersection and acts as advocate for the rights of man and as rep-
resentative advocate for the rights of nature and safeguards himself against adverse natural forces and 
equally safeguards nature against adverse human forces.
   f5,1) Main intent is the conservation of the planetary habitable zone with its biosphere to preserve 
   planet earth, man’s birthplace, as a diverse, vital, regenerating, stable, long term physiological base.
   f5,2) Scaled up intent for man and nature is to survive as one community of life in cosmic dimensions.
   f5,3) Main issues are protection of natural resources and the diversity of species with their living envi-
   ronments of the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere.
   f5,4) Parties are nature in all of its multifarious appearances and local, national and international organ-
   izations, drawing on natural resources.
   f5,5) Standards are the integrity of nature in balance with the welfare of man.
   f5,6) Legal sources, human, institutional, material resources and inspection correspond to those of inter-
   national litigation with UN Charters for the conservation of special forms of life and resources.
   f5,7) Environmental litigation is a major source of new international law to solve conflicts in cooperation 
   on a global scale, as they cannot be handled alone regionally.
   f5,8) It is based on learning from history as well as scientific evidence, projecting the requirements for 
   adequate conditions of life on earth for man and nature and relies therefore heavily on
	f5,8,1) Clear and measurable goals, defined by legal-environmental markers.
	f5,8,2) Education, training, public information campaigns and canvassing.
	f5,8,3) Global dialogs, conciliation of diverging interests, dispute settlement and partnerships.
	f5,8,4) Diffusion of technologies, financial incentives and support programs.
	f5,8,5) Adoption of national and international long term strategies and measures for conservation.
   f5,9) Rights of nature are a pressing issue because of man’s self-centered interests of production, con-
   sumption and employment of aggressive technologies to threaten planetary catastrophes.


4g) Supervision
Goals and means are the focal points of supervision.
Especially positions of power require regulation, supervision and corrective measures.
Inherent ruthlessness of power eliminates in first line opposition, in second line supervision.
Power outside of legal standards is the most devastating lower drive to impair basic living conditions and 
to cause with loss of integrity, reliability and confidence the collapse of a political-social system.
Supervision itself needs broad based, effective defensive measures.
Public political, legal, scientific, technological, commercial, social and cultural institutional operations are 
required to be codified, transparent, accessible and contestable with replicability of their ambitions and 
activities by affected parties, assigned agencies, the general public, the public press and in-external wolf 
crying whistle blowers in an equitable environment according to accountability standards.
Monitoring of positions of power is a global moral obligation of all of the people as sovereign, 
It is to be enforced by local authorities and a globally stratified court system.
4g1) First stage of jurisdiction covers eg 
 ◦ Scientific activities by academic review boards.
 ◦ Technical activities by control organizations.
 ◦ Commercial activities by trade organizations.
 ◦ Administrative activities by accounting offices.
 ◦ Nature invasive activities by administrative agencies.
 ◦ Daily life activities by police departments.
4g2) Main intention is protection of the population as the most vulnerable layer of society in their eg
   g2,1) Basic human rights in a constitutional environment against misuses of power by oversight over 
   positions of power according to local and national law and the UN Charta and to be enforced by na-
   tional and international penal courts.
   g2,2) Public health in a sound natural environment against pollution of air, soil and water by anyone 
   according to scientific standards and to be enforced by civil, administrative and penal courts.
   g2,3) Inviolability of body and property in a sound social environment against injuries and damages in 
   all private and public areas like homes, workplaces, public places and buildings, transportation and 
   public events according to applicable laws and regulations and to be enforced by civil, administrative 
   and penal courts.
   g2,4) Inviolability of body and property in a sound commercial environment against injuries and dam-
   ages by faulty products and handling-operating instructions according to liability standards and to be 
   enforced by civil and penal courts.
   g2,5) Consumer welfare in a fair, competitive commercial environment against exclusionary and pre-
   datory market manipulations for profit according to eg anti trust, financial transaction, copyright, fair 
   media and data privacy laws and to be enforced by commissioned oversight authorities.
4g3) Environmental laws and regulations are supervised by eg short-long term data measuring-analysing 
probes, observation stations, sensor networks, inspections, park rangers and air surveillance.
4g4) Supervision comprises preparation, regulation, oversight, reporting, enforcement and prediction.
   g4,1) Preparation is by consultations, drafting and public debate.
   g4,2) Regulation is by enacted legal-administrative laws, statures, rules, guidelines, recommendations 
   and law practice.
   g4,3) Oversight is by ad hoc inspection, regulatory audit and continuous monitoring to verify compli-
   ance and to secure evidence of non-compliance.
   g4,4) Findings are reported to supervisory committees, regulatory commissions of the affected juris-
   dictions, politically responsible representatives, scientific journals, the public press and the public.
   g4,5) Enforcement is by regulatory supervisors and local, state, federal, international authorities within 
   a national and international court system to pursue fact finding, publication, public discussion, mediation, 
   prosecution and litigation.
   Appropriate actions can be eg deferral, instruction, demand for a provision or restriction, shut down of 
   an activity, compensation payment, sanctions like freezing of funds, buycott, fine, imprisonment and 
   military intervention.
   g4,6) The annual crime statistics are publicised with emerging organizations, techniques and techno-
   logies of violations to predict future requirements and alert the general public of new dangers to come.


4h) Ethics
Ethics solve historic cases of gross criminal corruption with disastrous consequence.
The majority of man and society strives for advantages, predominance and elimination of opposition.
They employ any means conceivable to fall in their criminal capacity indefinitely low, if not arrested.
4h1) Its intent is to preserve ethical freedom that not an inhibiting factor runs to its self-destructive end.
4h2) Scaled up intent is moral utopia: spiritual, human and natural awareness, where public comprehen-
sion is able to discern, describe, evaluate and act for the long term survival of man and society.
4h3) It is trained on issues with universal principals of dignity, life and truth.
4h4) It educates the population towards a healthy conscience about true and false, right and wrong.
4h5) It educates the population with human, mental, spiritual horizons of knowledge and an overall com-
prehension with a personal responsibility, enlightenment and beneficial results.
   h5,1) A responsibility is chosen as a concrete contribution to life.
   Collective, global responsibility probes populations by case for emerging inhibiting factors and present 
   social forces by supervision for misuses of power and misdevelopments.
   h5,2) Enlightenment are the means of realization with the tools of language, task, value, regulation and 
   supervision. They are promoted in public with humility, fearlessness, courage and perseverance.
   They overcome with spiritual-political determination any hostile, inhibiting factor.
   They mobilize human esprit to pool the necessary resources for prevention and roll back of damages.
   h5.3) It is result orientated to correct factual, legal and moral wrong.
	h5,3,1) An ethical sentence investigates, identifies, publicizes the crime, specifies the object of legal 
	protection and develops a seamless line of argumentation from cause to damage to remedy.
	h5,3,2) A legal sentence defines the statute, assigns the court and initiates prosecution to reach a 
	decision with law enforcement for protection of value and legal object.
	h5,3,3) Reconciliation is promoted by historically accurate recording and compensation of victims.

4j) Defence

	‘No king is saved by the size of his army; no warrior escapes by his great strength.’ (Ps 33,16)

Lines of defence are set up in the forefield by early warning, prevention, stand by forces and supervision.
4i1) Early warning investigates home and foreign relations for potentially escalating trouble spots.
4i2) Prevention pursues political-social peace efforts by local, regional and global conflict solving.
4i3) Stand by forces generate a non-provoking, but visible, convincing deterrence.
Security measures are codified by law, eg their intentions, institutions, means, recruitment, funding and 
peace, alert, emergency and war states. Use of force doctrine is restricted to defence.
Their backbones are determination and contributions from the whole spectrum of the population.
4i4) Supervision over security concepts proceeds in transparency of the entire chain of weaponizing from 
the sciences to technologies, testing, production, stockpiling to deployment by the general public, the 
press and inspectors according to national and international conventions to limit the employment of the 
extending spectrum of A-B-C-G-R-N weapons of mass destruction.
4i5) After exhaustion of every alternative means towards a peaceful settlement, left standing is an inal-
ienable, legitimate right of self-defence as a last refuge against an attacking enemy.
   i5,1) The political-social leadership gives corresponding orders to the secretary of defence.
   i5,2) Means of defence are an adequate standing army, navy and air force of modern state of the art 
   with resolution, readiness, reputation, sufficient size, resources and reserves.
   i5,3) A state of war triggers an alert at the International Community of Nations to initiate bi- and multi-
   lateral conflict solving.
4i6) Inhibiting factors are eg lack of political will, foresight, vigilance, knowledge and means.
   i6,1) Gross deficient conflict solving leads to gross corruption and escalating conflicts.
   i6,2) Arbitrary sovereignty, hegemonic policies and militaristic calculations lead to open and covered 
   political murder, terrorism, civil strife, war, occupation and programs of permanent exploitation.
   i63) Warfare with modern weapons of mass destruction is self-destructive with annihilation of billions 
   of people, destruction of build land, devastation of natural land, global pollution and climate collapse.
   i6,4) Human sufferings are eg loss of civil rights, independence and a physiological base, persecution, 
   flight, ravages, perversities, atrocities and mass liquidations.


				III  B  5  Essentials

5a) Physiological base
5a1) Physical cosmos
The physical cosmos is qualitatively and quantitatively depictable, causally explainable and in its devel-
opment predictable.
   a1,1) Cosmogony reconstructs through backward extrapolation the earliest physical conditions of the 
   cosmos. From a singularity at a finite point in space-time about 14×109 years ago, a state of extreme 
   density of radiation energy, approaching Planck’s time ht, it exploded, cooled and developed into the 
   present geometry with a multitude of material formations.
   a1,2) Cosmology
	a1,2,1) The macro-cosmos is a coherently gravitation bound, isotropic, homogeneous, accelerating 
	inflationary Riemann geometry with asymptotic Minkowski properties towards infinite. It developed
	stable single and groups of galaxies, clusters, nebula, stars and planetary systems.
	a1,2,2) The meso-cosmos constitutes the validity range of classical, non-relativistic physics.
	Its phenomena of abiotic matter are described by physics, chemistry and their fields of study.
	a1,2,3) The micro-cosmos enfolds according to the standard model out of 3 classes of elementary 
	particles: 	point like spin ½ particles, field particles of the 4 forces and Higgs particles, endowing ele-
	mentary, subatomic particles with mass. It is ruled predominantly by strong, weak and electro-
	magnetic forces, unified in a single theory. It is described by Quantum Mechanics, Electro-, Chro-
	mo- und Flavordynamics.
   a1,3) Eschatology projects through forward extrapolation future physical conditions of the cosmos for 
   the next 1027 years as a continuing, entropy gaining, spatial expansion, dispersion of matter and emis-
   sion of radiation to leave black dwarfs, neutron stars and black holes. 
5a2) Natural environments
Natural environments are long term variables of in nature found energy, matter, flora and fauna.
   a2,1) The Heliosphere, a star of medium size and luminosity, about 4.5×109 years old, generating by 
   nuclear fusion electromagnetic radiation, a gravitational and geometrical center of nine orbiting plan-
   ets including Pluto, allows a long, stable developmental time span for evolution of organic life.
   a2,2) The earth's magnetic field extends as magnetosphere asymmetrically ~ 6o ooo km sunwards 
   and ~ 1 2oo ooo km away from it. Layered below are the plasmasphere and ionosphere.
   It deflects charged particle of the solar wind, which would erode the upper atmosphere with the ozone 
   layer, shielding against ultra-violet radiation.
   It deflects together with the heliosphere cosmic ray from outside the solar system.
   a2,3) The Biosphere describes all single factors enclosed by the atmosphere.
	a2,3,1) The atmosphere of the earth, reaching about 10 km upwards, consists out of 78% N2, 21% 
	O2, 0,03% CO2 and in its lower layers up to 4% of H2OVAP. It dampens by circulation temperature 
	and pressure differences, carries precipitation inland and serves as a metabolic fuel.
	a2,3,2) The hydrosphere in forms of gas, ice and liquid, found to 99,7 % in the oceans, supplies with 
	sweet water the largest component of plants and animals and is indispensable in their metabolism.
	a2,3,3) The lithosphere, the outer, firm, plate layered mantle of the earth, reaching about 100 km 
	deep, has as its crust the pedosphere with rocks, stones, sands and soils of various qualities.
	a2,3,4) The biotic environment includes all living organisms in water, land and air.
   a2,4) Ecology describes individual, population and environmental abiotic and biotic forces, require-
   ments and conditions of life with their multifaceted interdependencies in the development over geo-
   logical time spans. A local ecological environment often forms out a self-organizing, semi-closed sys-
   tem with an energy and metabolic cycle along an ascending food chain in a labile, dynamic balance.
   a2,5) Man causes massive, non-sustainable, often irreparable environmental incisions for exploitation
   of resources with pollution of water, land and air, with changes of weather patterns and global climatic 
   shifts, with burn up of natural resources and depletion of non-renewable resources, with reduction of 
   biotopes and biodiversity.


5b) Economy

 	‘Feed the man dying of hunger, - if you do not uphold him, you have killed him.’ (AAS 54 [1962] p 792)

All immediate living areas require for existence the economy.
Basic components are persons, objects and rights.
Basic measures of credit/debit value are exchange value and an agreed on currency.
Basic exchanges are of information, goods, services, money and rights.
Management with handling and accounting of goods turns human, fauna, flora and material resources 
into products for use with added value. People have to employ mental and physical labor, as needed 
human resources require years of training and experience, needed fauna and flora laborious cultivation 
and needed materials elaborate workmanship, are mostly not readily available, but of natural state, 
scarce, scattered, hard to access and foreign owned. Learning and work take up the largest part of life.
5b1) Forces are those of originators and social forces They develop a multitude of drives from basic 
needs to ever increasing demands, commercializing and co-determining all aspects of life.
5b2) Interest formations are eg business associations, unions and political parties.
5b3) Means are predominantly knowledge, capital, labor and natural/man made resources.
5b4) Costs are fixed-variable operational, environmental protective and public transactional for eg infra-
structures and political-legal frameworks, financed direct-indirectly by fees, taxes and special levies.
5b5) Economic phenomena as human actions are qualitatively and quantitatively depictable by eg re-
ported accounting data, polls, frames, regularities, generalities, probabilities and laws of nature.
Measured, analysed, evaluated and predicted are eg prices, sales, profits, assets, debts, consumer 
spending, investments, savings, unemployment, exports, imports, trade-money balances, exchange 
rates, money supply-circulation, inflation, stocks, bonds, taxes, public budget, DNP and GNP.
5b6) Disciplines of theoretical, normative, applied studies as part of sociological sciences are eg man-
agement, organization, production, marketing, micro-macro-economics, money, finance, growth, labor, 
social concerns, special branches and interdisciplinary fields like law, journalism and ecology.
5b7) Types comprise mostly the market, command, real, information, paper and informal economies.
5b8) Economic, often overlapping fields are eg foods, clothing, housing, energy, production, services, 
trade, logistics, communication, finance, accounting, consulting, lobbying and regulation.
5b9) Levels are services, retail, wholesale, processing, production and natural resources.
5b10) Institutions are eg private-public corporations, market institutes and regulative agencies.
5b11) Frameworks
   b11,1) Frameworks are legislative, judicative, executive, central bank norms, policies and usages.
   b11,2) Theoretical frames range from pseudo products like sectarian rule, dogma, ideology, sys-
   tem to political-social-economic program and descriptive typification and characterisation.
   b11,3) Economic states range from laissez-faire with free market cutthroat competition to a regu-
   lated economy with market intervening parameters to prohibition with an illegal black market to cen-
   tral planning with exclusive state monopolies.
   b11,4) Assisting are eg multipliers like money, infusions like subsidy, incentives like profit, promoters 
   like guarantee, stimulation programs like tax cut and sponsorships like support for a project.
5b12) Processes
   b12,1) Exchanged are eg information, labor, services, titles, money and resources.
   b12,2) Accumulated are eg savings, debts, knowledge, infrastructure, waste and damages.
   b12,3) In labile equilibrium held by free market mechanisms are eg demand and supply.
   b12,4) In cycles run eg motivations, product know-how, improvements, money, boom and bust.
   b12,5) Up and down move eg moods, trends, vitality, irrationalities and expectations.
   b12,6) Continuously regenerating are eg human resources like experience and skills.
   b12,7) Division of labor is practised in all sectors with allotted tasks, sites and schedules.
5b13) Mass effects arise by eg common, repetitive, predominant and catalytic economic behavior.
5b14) Excesses arise mostly from concentration of wealth with pressure against weaker parties.
5b15) Inhibiting factors are eg
   b15,1) Lack of political will, knowledge, resources or equitable national-global parameters.
   b15,2) Usurpation of frameworks by corruption and coercion, often followed by disregard of large scale 
   waste, risks and dangers, leading to exploitation of man and nature, severe misdevelopments, stran-
   gulation, enslavement and violence.
   b15,3) Incisions like epidemics, natural catastrophes and war.
5b16) Evaluation is by eg freedoms, equitable distribution, public welfare, global balance, vitality, pro-
ductivity, benefits-costs, challenges, advancements, state of resources and environments.


5c) Freedom
Freedom, man’s ability of movement in natural, human, social and spiritual dimensions is a basic and 
universal requirement of human activities. Every movement in any environment requires freedom. It is a 
state for being, encompassing passively absence of intrusion and non-use, actively liberation, use, expan-
sion and also transgression of boundaries, which backfires on itself.
5c1) States
   c1,1) Submission leads to physical enslavement, mental stupor and often extinction.
   c1,2) Liberation from political barriers is won by awareness, will, resources and often conflict, - from 
   mental barriers like idolatry, superstition, illusion by sound theology, reason and maturity.
   c1,3) Use is by intentional restraint or actual expression with communication and action.
   Common characteristics are eg essential or superfluous, major or minor, daily or scarcely, actual or po-
   tential, stable or fragile, adequate or inadequate, encroaching on others or not, seen or not.
   Modi of movement are given by eg direction, range, speed, path, dynamics and volatility.
   c1,4) Expansion is by eg adaptive, social, educational, administrative, technical means, change of 
   conditions and environments to widen the radius of action.
5c2) Types
   c2,1) Natural freedoms utilize by nature given rooms of individual and collective movement.
   c2,2) Civilizational freedoms utilize cultural-social-scientific-technical opportunities.
   c2,3) Individual freedoms are possibilities of physical, mental and spiritual activities of a person.
   c2,4) Collective freedoms are individual freedoms in collective endeavors.
   They enclose set up, maintenance, expansion, alteration, regeneration, reduction and termination of 
   relations for eg information, assembly, association and activities in all fields of life.
   c2,5) Basic freedoms of movement, privacy, security, speech, action, assembly, education, property, 
   profession, culture and religion are largely constitutionally codified as inalienable human rights.
   c2,6) Inner freedoms comprise internal un- and conscious neuro-physiological processing.
   c2,7) Outer freedoms comprise external conscious bio-mechanical-vocal expressions.
   c2,8) Truth’s freedom allows unrestricted research and description of God, nature, man and society.
   c2,9) Ethic’s freedom does not allow a major inhibiting factor to run to its self-destructive end.
   c2,10) Historical freedom is a state of affairs with minimal causal dependencies, where not imbalance, 
   enslavement, disintegration, destruction, collapse or catastrophe determine public actions.
   c2,11) Cosmic freedom prevails over longer periods, where causes of historical developments with 
   their large number of factors are not any more predictable by laws or theoretical approaches, but are 
   subject to chances. Achievements of later born stand in alternatively open and equivalent time.
   c2,12) Overall freedom is the sum of singular freedoms, their combination and interaction.
5c3) Interactions
   c3,1) Singular freedoms of several persons, acting often in association in the same direction, eg as-
   sist, overlap, complement, add, multiply and inspire each other.
   c3,2) Singular freedoms of several persons, not in interaction, coexist with each other.
   c3,3) Singular freedoms of several persons, acting often in conflict in opposite direction, eg level, 
   compete, exclude, undermine, impair, encroach on and envy each other.
5c4) Balanced freedoms grant a maximum of freedom to each individual and group within a larger com-
munity of people, while observing obligations, rights, weights, limits and reconciliation of conflicts.
5c5) Limits of freedoms are natural and man made physical restrictions and sanction enforced guidelines 
of behavior like a social classification, statute, norm, tradition, usage or etiquette.
Common characteristics are eg resistant or ductile, enforced, circumvented or disregarded.
Their range can be given by eg extent of possibilities and rights and conditions like rules of accessibility.
5c6) Inhibiting factors are restriction, bondage and incapacitation by pretended justifications.
Today, common practice worldwide are arbitrary private and government restrictions to privacy, property,
travel, migration, choice of residence and profession, movement of ideas and goods, free speech, assem-
bly, religion and access to communication. Means of enforcement range from social sanctions to sublime
oppression to data based rooms of surveillance and administration to deception and violence.
5c7) Evaluation is as
   c7,1) Room of movement by eg awareness, potential, reality, use and misuse.
   c7,2) Restriction by positive sources like ethics and negative sources like arbitrariness.


5d) Conviction
Man is centered in his convictions. They are the pivotal deciding points of his actions.
A conviction springs out of a vision about life in relation to man, society, nature, the infinite and considers 
the long term guidelines for life and matter beyond calculable predictions in cosmic dimensions.
As a living organism with a biological base, it unfolds independent psychic, mental and spiritual activities 
and trains itself by awareness, experience, cognition, horizons, overall comprehension and projects.
It integrates anthropological behavior into considerations of the multitude of concepts of life to eclipse 
homo-cerebralis, -culturalis, -legalis, -activans, -faber, -sociologicus, -co-operativus, -oeconomicus, -lu-
dens, -vitalis, -capax, -patiens and -debilis.
5d1) Awareness
Awareness opens sensual, psychic, mental and conscientious activities to its surroundings.
 ◦ They widen out across all realities from the micro- to macro-cosmos.
 ◦ They widen out into horizons and visions.
5d2) Experience
Experience registers subjectively activities of life with their intentions, conceptions and consequences.
Passive steps are to stay away from
 ◦ Undue uncertainties, risks and dangers with their possible consequences.
 ◦ Lower instincts of prestige, power, possessions and pleasure with harm to man, society and nature.
Active steps are to initiate
 ◦ One’s own questions, searches, deliberations, discussions, training, hands on experience, failures, re-
   starts and successes to be reflected on, squashed, modified or ascertained.
 ◦ Storage in memory as sensual-empirical data with eg semantic-syntactic-semiotic values, causes, me-
   chanisms, effects, environments, singularities, generalities, warnings and expectations.
5d3) Cognition
Cognition pursues contemplative, scientific, aesthetic research to explain natural, understand human and 
grasp spiritual issues, to describe, calculate, interpret and evaluate them.
Passive steps are to stay away from
 ◦ Pseudo-mental products like myth, idolatry, superstition, illusion and ideology.
 ◦ Inhibiting factors in teaching and political-economic-social affairs.
Active steps are to initiate
 ◦ Questioning towards valid knowledge by its subjective, relational and objective factors.
 ◦ Expansion of the canon of knowledge in scope, depth and quality.
5d4) Horizons
Horizons are collected data bases as
 ◦ Mental horizon with knowledge about man, society, nature and God.
   They are commonly referred to as images of man, society, nature and God.
 ◦ Historic horizon with past events leading up to present political-social affairs.
 ◦ Human horizon with long term aspirations and challenges for man.
 ◦ Spiritual horizon with actual to possible radius of action.
5d5) Overall comprehension with values, priorities, responsibilities, means, tasks and supervision.
 ◦ Standards are the existential, humanitarian, universal and social values.
 ◦ Priorities are von-violence and address of major issues.
 ◦ Responsibilities of individual-collective convictions are towards posterity and life.
5d6) Projects
Projects reach from the present day agenda to visions as
 ◦ Personal and collective goals for one’s life work.
 ◦ Positive contributions to life and matter with their innumerable factors.
 ◦ A habitual way of life with repetitive activities, being the largest part of study, work and social prac-
   tices, serves as a locomotive engine to move large loads.
5d7) Results gain
 ◦ Universal treatment of all objects.
 ◦ Overcoming with enlightenment hostile and inhibiting factors.
 ◦ Expansion of man’s boundaries towards survival in cosmic dimensions of space-time.


5e) Service society
A service society is neutral in character to provide needed and accountable services to the public.
Basic services provide for the essentials for man, society and nature in all fields of life.
Scaled up intent is to expand historic freedom.
Scaled up conception is an open, lean, competitive, incentive, venturous commercial-social fabric.
5e1) Scope of services
 ◦ Areas of general public interest are eg political-social information, legislative, executive, judicative, 
   law, security, human rights, health, food, clothing, housing, energy, water, traffic, transportation, edu-
   cation, communication, labor, social welfare, arts, entertainment and environment.
 ◦ The spectrum of publicly available services is determined by the variety of social forces, eg needs of 
   the people, comparative standards of living/work environments, public opinion and interests, supply 
   and demand on the markets, major political-economic-social forces, government policies and the ex-
   panding scientific-technological-social knowledge base.
5e2) Constitutionality
Aspirational red thread is constitutionality, basic, realizable political-social rights, drawing on the compo-
nents of social construction with
 ◦ Equality before the law.
 ◦ Due process of law.
 ◦ Legal certainty.
 ◦ Social solidarity.
 ◦ Codification of services with eg tasks, intent, means, scope, resources and performance criteria.
5e3) Economy
 ◦ Security of supply.
 ◦ Efficiency.
 ◦ Market regulations.
 ◦ Macro-economic regulations.
5e4) Environmental compatibility.
5e5) Judicial restraint 
 ◦ Judicial restraint to the essentials of society, a viable physiological base and economy and freedoms,
   allow realization of individual-collective convictions.
 ◦ The social fabric is kept free of pseudo-mental products, eg illusions like of human capabilities and 
   convenience, philosophical over-loads like schools of social thought, construals like trickle-down, ex-
   cesses like large commercial-financial-social imbalances, misdevelopments like environmental degra-
   dation and inhibiting factors like exploitation of man and nature.
5e6) Organization is by eg basic-extensive, public-private, profit-non-profit, individual-chain integrated, 
independent-subordinate centers-networks of service providers.
5e7) Financing is by eg direct-indirect, flat-linear-pro/degressive taxes, duties, fees, tolls and by free mar-
ket mechanisms.
5e8) Supervision is by eg affected parties, assigned agencies, the general public, the public press and 
whistle blowers, eg political-economic-social anti-trust agencies to safeguard against eg ideologization 
as justification of special interests with extended leverage and discriminatory practises.


5e9) Knowledge base
Generation and application of knowledge are pivotal assets of all human endeavours.
In public affairs the available political-scientific-technological-social-human-environmental-information is 
the starting point for public questions, opinions, speculations, discussions, decisions and actions.
A basic social service is therefore the provision of objective knowledge to the general public.
Knowledge comprises
   e9,1) Generation by large scale institutionalized, systematic, generations running research and devel-
   opment with meticulous employment of the tools of cognition. The gained data base includes the
   ◦ Objects’ properties, forces, functions, structures, processes and consequences.
   ◦ Objects’ uncertainties, risks, dangers, possible misuses, misdevelopments and weaponizing.
   ◦ Agenda of planned, future research and development.
   ◦ Safeguards against inhibiting factors like special interests of cognition, publication and application.
   e9,2) Publication of R&D results for public discussion and evaluation.
   e9,3) Management by set up of an ordered, pragmatic canon of knowledge.
   e9,4) Education and training of succeeding generations in a public school system.
   e9,5) Application in problem - conflict solving and in all professional fields of life.
   e9,6) Representation of the present day human, mental, historic and spiritual horizons.
   e9,7) Planning of future research and development by criteria of vital public interests and a balance of 
   disciplines and disciplinary fields to forestall the disregard of relevant factors.
5e10) Knowledge application
Applications evolve out of goal definition and philosophy of research.
Goals range from private endeavours to social services to charity.
Knowledge applications have augmented human capabilities and leave a large size footprint on the poli-
tical-scientific-industrial-commercial-social-environmental character of our times.
Realization of a project is by subject and object true treatment according to contemplative, scientific and 
aesthetic research, development and market introduction of improved and new products.
   e10,1) Mental processing in subject true treatment, centering its attention on the subjective factors of 	
   intention, conception, mental operations, question, search, experience, cognition, comprehension and 
   reflection to arrive at a workable design of expression.
   e10,2) Material realization in object true treatment, centering its attention on the objective factors of ex-
   pression by communication and action with their institutions and technical devices to arrive at the de-
   sired result.
   Steps of realization can be eg decision, literature - field search, forecast, feasibility study, planning, re-
   search, development, design, organizing human-material-financial resources, test runs, provision of 
   goods and services, marketing, public relations, feed back evaluation and corrective action.
   e10,3) Universal standards
   Design and realization is guided by universal standards to arrive at a result with merit.
   ◦ Values are by class spiritual, existential, humanitarian, environmental, cosmic, universal, framework 
     and object related as outlined above in 2a - 2c.
   ◦ Priorities are non-violence and address of major issues, the essentials of man, society and nature.
   ◦ Man is responsible to act in stewardship of the creation. (Gen2,15)
     Responsibilities are codified as local, regional, national and international laws and customs.
     They guarantee individual, inalienable, basic human rights to be claimable by national and interna-
     tional litigation before a globally structured court system.
   ◦ Means are in first place enlightenment in seamless argumentation to convince and correct.
     His Spirit with faith, truth and justice overcomes hostile forces. (Rev 19,13)
     Power components of mental processing and material realization are strictly limited point by point 
     and step by step to the minimal degree required.
   e10,4) Inhibiting factors of knowledge applications are mostly deception and coercion for motivation, 
   public opinion and reality control.


				III  B  6  Schools of social thought

A social fabric is built on universal spiritual, existential, humanitarian, environmental and cosmic values, 
especially the unity of mankind, based on equity and justice with the rule of law.
Its mental, constructive products are based on sound theology, reason and maturity.
In all they benefit each individual of the population to equal parts with a maximum of mental and physical 
mobility in historical freedom.
Past and present schools of social thought claim these standards, eg the church, state and economic --
social marks, which are often presented as a political-social character, model and system.

6a) Church
A church is an institution of organized spiritual forces.
6a1) Self definition
It defines itself out of its past history, present faith and common destiny of man.
Its credo, a symbolon, accepting the living God (1Tim 4,9), is a synopsis of catechesis.
It represents a religion by its collective credo, spiritual life, teachings, traditions and institutions.
Its congregations confess their faith in a liturgy with word, song, music, praise, prayer, confession, read-
ing, sermon, reconciliation, intercession, credo, sacrament and pledge.
6a2) Theology
Its theology, interpreting His word, aim at the best possible finding of His will. (Col 1,9)
It transforms the mystery of the hidden God (Isa 45,15), His will (Eph 1,8), works (Ps 92,5) and incarnate 
Son Jesus (Heb 1,3) into truth and presence. (Joh 16,13)
6a3) Mission
Its inner mission is education, its outer mission to spread His word and grace to everybody to be heard, 
discussed, understood, accepted and converted to (Kerygma). (Mat 28,19)
6a4) Standards
It sets up an internal code of ethics for members, teachers, bishops and church institutions.
It sets up a general code of ethics for political-legal-social frameworks and government proceedings.
6a5) Organization
It assembles in communities, synods, national churches and episcopal colleges with egalitarian to hier-
archical structures to develop opinions on regional and universal issues.
Its avant-garde sets examples in teaching and service at home and abroad.
6a6) Services
It provides professional political-social services to the public like diaconate and charity (Pro 19,17; Act 
9,36), healing (2Kin 2,21; Luk 9,6) and catechesis. (Ecc 1,13; 2Tim 2,15)
It recommends regulation (Exo 35,1; Heb 10,16) and supervision (Ecc 3,15; Luk 16,2), initiates conflict 
solving (Mel 2,5; Mat 5,9) and warns of dangers to come. (Neh 9,26; Rev 22,20)
6a7) Ecumenical movement
It cooperates with all people carrying responsibility for the common good. (Ex 33,19; Eph 6,8)
It promotes the inner ecumenical movement to unify its denominations and the global ecumenical move-
ment in dialogs to let the faith of religions grow together.
6a8 Prosecution
It does not collaborate with corruption, deception or violence, but stands up against depravity (Ps 45,7; 
1Tim 6,12), withdraws its engagements and protects its sheep. (Ps 23,1; Joh 10,14)
Against prosecution, as ‘Christians are subject of hate because they oppose worldly pleasures’ (Epistle 
to Diognetus V), its survival strategies are independence, love, truth, unity and perseverance.
6a9) Accountability
Its bishops, priests and laity as torchbearers of His Word are accountable to the people.
Against violators of the codes of ethics, the public has a right to criticism, resistance and prosecution.
6a10) Hypocrisy is cheesiness of the spiritual leaders especially towards the priorities of overall compre-
hension: non-violence and address of major issues.
6a11) Pseudo-products and -concepts
Pseudo-theological products are eg God's people, God's realm, infallibility and divine predestination.
Pseudo-theological concepts are eg projections of rigid theological dogma into the social fabric.
6a12) Excesses
Excesses are eg sale of indulgences and discrimination for membership in any religious community.
6a13) Inhibiting factors
Inhibiting factors are eg Christianisation by force, witch hunt and crusade.


6b) State
A state is an institution of organized political forces.
Its main characteristic is a wide range of identities, functions, organizations and activities.
6b1) Self definition
A state defines itself organizational out of its population, territory, constitution and out of its esprit.
 ◦ The permanent population has as citizens member status with defined rights and obligations.
 ◦ The defined and marked territory is controlled and administered by state authorities.
 ◦ The constitution specifies the state organs with legislative, executive and judicative powers.
 ◦ The supreme court enforces the power monopoly by final interpretation of the law.
 ◦ Social forces shape the religious-political-military-economical-cultural-social character.
The state is represented by a head of state, name, legal identity, administration and national symbols.
It is a person of international law, maintaining independently legal relations with other states.
It is with its government a legitimate, recognized member of the international community of nations.
There are presently 194 fully recognized member state at the UN.
It claims sovereignty over its people and territory and not to be dependent on outside powers.
Its main fields of activities are grand bargains, agenda setting and day to day business.
It establishes a legal codex and national, regional, communal public institutions to introduce, maintain 
and regulate the political-military-commercial-social order within a legal framework.
It acts as independent participant in the market as eg investor, service provider and stakeholder.
It sets up regulative mechanisms to regenerate, expand and perpetuate its administrative institutions.
6b2) Legitimation
Legitimation is to provide the foundation of the state's claim to power of people over people and equally 
over objects, territory and the natural environment. Basic justifications can be
 ◦ Existence of population and territory by protecting the essentials of life, liberty and property.
 ◦ Will of the people, who accept state authority in a mutually beneficial, unwritten/written contract.
 ◦ Merit of services, safeguarding a political-legal-social order with security and human rights.
6b3) State types
Basic state types are the monarchy and the republic as declared in their de-jure constitutions.
 ◦ A monarchy is a state in which the supreme power is actually or nominally lodged in a monarch.
 ◦ A republic is a state in which the supreme power rests in a body of citizens, who vote directly or indi-
   rectly an assembly of delegates to represent, demonstrate and exercise state authority.
6b4) State functions
Raison d'état is based on the national interest and the government itself, its institutions and personnel.
 ◦ They span an umbrella over major human physical, psychological, mental and spiritual needs and aspi-
   rations to project an attractive all round welfare image.
 ◦ The court system guaranties basic human rights, due process, legal certainty and conflict solving.
 ◦ The public media provides a platform for discussion of an agenda of theoretical and practical tasks.
 ◦ The administrative departments set up, provide, regulate, supervise and reform a spectrum of services, 
   codified as tasks with their institutions, personnel, structures and processes.
 ◦ They generate dependencies for many social groups in all fields of life, eg internal security, emergen-
   cies, media, communication, education, labor, housing, health, energy, commerce, traffic, minorities, 
   integration and environment.
6b5) Vulnerabilities towards in-external threats are eg hostility of foreign powers, usurpation of power by 
special interest formations, polarizing inequities and incisive regional/global environmental changes.
6b6) Pseudo-mental products are eg social programming, social control and secret policy goal.
6b7) Pseudo-mental concepts are eg absolute sovereignty, not to be overruled by basic human rights 
and statesmanship, regarding power tools as the only reality creating, controlling and securing means of 
an historic achievement.
6b8) Excesses are eg administrative systems, exhausting every public/private power vacuum and para-
military security organizations.
6b9) Inhibiting factors arise mostly out of misuse and outgrowth of power as the most devastating archaic 
notion, narrow, vile, hateful, persistent and scheming, eg by non-action on pressing problems, feeding 
corruption and depravity into the social fabric, exploitation of man and environment, restriction of basic 
human rights, discrimination, oppression and political murder.


6c) Economic marks
Economic marks are coined by the entire spectrum of political-social forces, commercializing and co-
determining all aspects of life in all economic fields from foods to regulation, on all levels from extraction 
of natural resources to retail and in all aggregates from population growth to GNP.
6c1) Types of economies
Types comprise mostly the market, command, mixed, real-financial, digital and black market economies.
   c1,1) Market economy
   A free market economy leaves the initiative of economic-financial activities to private investors, entre-
   preneurs, inventors, analysts, buyers, sellers, their cooperatives and the many individual consumers.
   It is driven by the inner-outer dynamics of self-interest, capital accumulation, in- and output markets 
   with free prices, competition and opportunities, where profit and prudence are existential necessities.
   The government establishes the legal framework and physical infrastructure,, advances commercial-	
   fiscal policies with eg taxation, supervises regulations, intervenes by corrective action to amend mar-
   ket failures by eg price floors/ceilings, dampens boom to bust cycles, secures common social services, 
   sets up environmental standards and engages itself to a limited degree as an economic player.
    ◦ The central bank lays out monetary guidelines to steer eg interest rates, money supply and inflation.
    ◦ A public, by competences structured court system arbitrates conflicts out of opposing interests.
    ◦ The office of statistics, trade journals and the press provide up to date economic data.
      The public press brings an agenda of practical and theoretical tasks to open discussion for the for-
      mation of public opinions and collective decision making.
    ◦ Production factors of knowledge, capital, natural resources, means of production, half finished and 
      finished goods are protected by an enforceable right to private ownership and binding contracts.
    ◦ Allocation of goods and services in the open market is by the forces of demand and supply, fixing the 
      daily price as a close point to an adjusted equilibrium of production and consumption.
    ◦ Labor is traded in the open market by job offers and personal/agent represented applications.
    ◦ Wages and working conditions are negotiated in collective bargaining and public disputes.
    ◦ The political-social character of a society is coined by the various competitive social forces, with a 
      market economy best fitted to adjust to long term dynamic changes, developments and incisions.
    ◦ Representative example is entrepreneurism. Economic initiatives are taken by private enterprises as 
      global players, grasping also opportunities with high risk returns through leadership, scientific-techno-
      logical-industrial-financial-commercial achievements and realization of favourable economic condi-
      tions at home and abroad by lobbying, persuasion and coercion.

   c1,2) Command economy
   A command economy is centrally planned by a collective policy directing government body.
   Discussed, evaluated and decided on are economic policies in collective responsibility by planning and 	
   expert panels of the political elite, exercising a monopoly of political power.
   A priority list determines the major fields of economic activities with research and development, which 
   are integrated into an overall plan for political-military-scientific-technological-financial-educational-cul-
   tural-societal goals with adjustments to economic fluctuations and social changes.
   Initiated can be giant projects by mobilization of resources, calculating benefits, costs, uncertainties, 
   risks and dangers without lengthy public discussions or administrative processes.
    ◦ Set up are short-medium-long term plans to be achieved in every field, sector, unit in every region
      of the country, output and growth measured by eg costs, quotas, processing and quality standards.
    ◦ Allocated are required capital, labor and natural resources.
    ◦ Researched for are required knowledge and know-how with training of skills and raising of general 
      educational levels.
    ◦ Major commercial resources, business organizations, institutions and trade organizations are collec-
      tively/government owned and operated as state monopolies.
    ◦ Foreign trade is conducted by designated trading agents within controlled zones and channels.
    ◦ The government formulates, enacts and supervises the required laws, regulations and standards.
    ◦ Planning, activities and results are widely shielded from market forces of eg private preferences, in-
      novations, and home/foreign competition, often ignoring shadow markets and corrections of econom-
      ic mismanagement up to misdevelopments, which can run quickly into catastrophic dimensions.
    ◦ Central planning can transform the political-social character of a society by schooling, transition, 
      adaptation and coercion towards desired economic behavior patterns..


   c1,3) Mixed economy
   A mixed economy combines elements of a market and command economy to a variable degree.
   It strives mostly to enhance economic vitality and deflate social conflicts.
   It assigned the political-economic weight to its perceived center of driving social forces, mainly eco-	
   nomic initiative, ownership, market functionality, social welfare and government intervention.
    ◦ Neo-liberalism
      The liberal/neo-liberal programmatic interests pushed back the traditional political-social predomi-
      nance of the government to a minimum by eg privatization in favour of laissez-faire, individual re-
      sponsibilities, self-organization, creativity, private ownership, managerial efficiency, maximization 
      of profits, free national and international markets of supply and demand as allocative mechanism 
      without political-financial-commercial policies like regulations or subsidies and no more taxes than 
      to guarantee legal rights and to provide necessary general public services.
    ◦ Social market economy
      The social market programmatic interests balance creation of wealth by private enterprises with pros-
      perity and social security of the general population. The pragmatic role of the government comprises 
      guarantees of legal rights, guarding against market failures like boom and bust, promotion of growth, 
      research and development, low inflation, full employment, instituting codetermination by unions and 
      distribution of wealth. An independent federal reserve lays out monetary policies. Adequate living 
      standards serve as a platform for economic-social synergisms and broad political consensus.
    ◦ Market socialism
      The market socialism programmatic interest is to fend off market distorting effects, leading to aliena-
      tion, exploitation and class struggle. It advances broad distribution of wealth, giving the workers the 
      full product of their labor by eg collective ownership of production assets and means, employee 
      owned and managed cooperatives, credit unions, issue of shares, profit sharing and social dividends. 
      The joint ventures compete on the market for assets, natural resources, goods and services for profit, 
      which finances by levies social services and a basic pension. Macro-economic policies guide econo-
      mic developments like investments and export oriented growth.
    ◦ Government controlled market economy
      The government controlled market economy programmatic interests have grown mostly out of re-
      forms of the command economy. Economic heights like heavy industry and energy remain incorpo-
      rated state institutions, while secondary economic sectors allocate goods, services, assets by joint-
      stock companies and market forces within regulated management, competition, price and profit 
      limits. A central planning board indicatively regulates macroeconomic financial-commercial parame-
      ters like state investments, research, development, growth, foreign trade and their trends.

   c1,4) Real - financial economy
    ◦ The real economy comprises all commercial objects aside from their legal and monetary values.
      They include over the range of the economic fields, levels and aggregates eg tangible production 
      factors, environmental conditions, administrative economic measures and physical activities, where 
      real output can be described, analysed 	and modelled in real units.
      They represent commercial interests and aspirations as well as needs and their satisfaction and 
      serve as demonstration of wealth.
    ◦ The financial economy comprises all objects of legal and monetary value.
      They include over an equal range eg nominal values of real economic objects, financial assets and 
      titles that real output and financial activities can be described, analysed and modelled on a mone-
      tary value scale in the financial markets with securities and derivatives, administrative fiscal policies 
      and monetary authorities’ guidelines.
      They represent financial interests and aspirations in the real and financial economy for financial in-
      dependence, asset accumulation, liquidity preferences, speculation and serve as financial security.
    ◦ Interactions between the real and financial economies, being intermeshed, run both ways.
      States, activities, expectations and policies in the real economy effect the financial market in eg sav-
      ings, debts, money supply, demand and circulation, interest rates, inflation-deflation, exchange rates 
      and international financial balance.
      States, activities, expectations and policies in the financial markets effect the real economy in eg 
      producive investments, corporate organization, growth, bust–boom cycles, employment and the in-
      ternational trade balance.


   c1,5) Digital economy
   The digital economy has grown out of new scientific-technological-commercial developments.
   It is mainly advanced by private enterprises and has been taken up around the world to increase pro
   ductivity, open up new applications, shorten space and time, reduce waste and costs and to facilitate 
   access to open source information, - new areas with still insufficient regulations.
   Digital computing technologies comprise mainly
    ◦ Encoding and structuring of information as digital bits according to Boolean algebra.
    ◦ Processing of computable physical, sensual, lingual, mental tasks by multi media computers.
    ◦ Infrastructure of a global network, connecting people, organizations and stationary/mobile devices.
    ◦ Technical devices, task programmed, act on line in real time and AI trained autonomously.
   Applications comprise mainly
    ◦ Technical-administrative-communicative tasks in all fields and levels of life.
    ◦ E-commerce in all financial and commercial markets.
    ◦ Research, development, sales and services of the digital computing technologies have created a 
      new economic field, exceeding 10% of GDP, with a multitude of new business opportunities.

   c1,6) Black market economy
   In a black market traded are objects of subjective/objective value like people, information, goods, ser-
   vices, money, titles, mostly special products like drugs as damaging to health and morals or weapons 
   as endangering public security or animal-parts, being worth of protection.
   These objects are by regional, national or international law protected against eg injury, damage and 
   theft, regulated, restricted, supply/price controlled or banned to eg obtain, produce, possess, move, 
   distribute, trade, process, use or consume.
   They circumvent the formal, institutional codices and are not being opened (underground market), 
   publicly talked about (private market), licensed (informal market), monitored (shadow market), record-
   ed (non-accounted market or reported (non-taxed market).
   They are criminalized and enforcement requires public enlightenment and support.
   The circumvention of the authorities, new fields of crime, repressive law enforcement, sky-rocketing 
   violations and polarized public debates can spiral measures and counter-measures.

6c2) Economic promotion
First goal is to advance micro-macroeconomic theories with research, development and education.
Second goal is to advance pragmatic data treatment in collection, publication, analysis and forecasts.
Third goal is establishment of a nationally-internationally binding code of ethics.
Forth goal is to realize stable, legal frameworks with free rooms of movement by eg
 ◦ Practice of customer, charity, cultural, social, public and political relations.
 ◦ Support of the associated social, non-profit sector to provide eg counselling and social services.
 ◦ Public campaigns for a supportive, receptive social environment for creation of wealth and prosperity.
 ◦ Formation of business associations for line organization and representation of interests.
 ◦ Lobbying with legislative, judicative, executive government institutions for incentive political-financial-
   economic policies, eg expansion of infrastructure, subsidies for promising technologies, coordination 
   of political-scientific-technological-economic developments and favourable operative regulations.
 ◦ Launching of larger projects in the sciences, technologies, infrastructure and environmental protection.
 ◦ Adaptability of political-regulative rules to grasp opportunities and manage emerging social changes.
 ◦ Independence from foreign and scarce resources, business cycles and incalculabilities.
Final goal is to prevent eg
 ◦ Instrumentalization of globalization and cosmization to gain predominant long term advantages.
 ◦ Conflict dominance in competition for political-scientific-financial-economic-social power.
 ◦ Industry collective paramilitary security organizations to fend off in-external threats.

6c3) Vulnerabilities exist especially to pseudo-mental products and usurpatory greed.
Pseudo-mental products are eg trickle down, tax heaven, turbo capitalism and planned economy.
6c4) Excesses are eg large commercial imbalances like monopolies, large financial imbalances like pola-
rization of wealth, framework break downs like black markets and short cuts like ideas for cash.
6c5) Inhibiting factors of economic marks are eg exploitation of man and nature, strangulating debts, en-
slavement and violent conflicts.


6d) Social marks
Social marks evolve out of spiritual, political, military, economic, cultural and social forces.
They comprise mainly individualism, egalitarianism, institutionalism, collectivism, the information society, 
the affluent society, militarism and criminality.
Past and present schools and economic marks overlap each other, especially with the administrative-
functional under leadership of a state and present social forces also project on their own a desirable 
virtue or undesirable vice of man with its world view into the social fabric and instrumentalize society as 
a multiplicator of human-material resources to realize their ambitions, - however, philosophically over-
loaded and criminally degraded, they fall into oppressive, corruptive dogmas, ideologies and systems.

6d1) Individualism
Individuals, including the immediate family, are the nature given social entities.
Individualism has moved away from clans, classes and social organizations towards the single individual 
and his ambitions. It strives for personal freedom, pioneer spirit, creativity, risk, own resources, responsi-
bility and accomplishments by self-education, -reliance, -determination,  -expression and -realization.
 ◦ It maximizes personal physical, economic and social independence.
   Its telos of mind is to see, think and act by oneself in responsibility.
   It contemplates the final decisions to give its life a meaning.
 ◦ It pursues critical contemplative, scientific and aesthetic enquiries and experimentation.
 ◦ It advances a political-legal framework, favouring individual rights based on human dignity with human 
   rights of free speech, movement, assembly, profession, the arts and religion.
 ◦ It employs enlightenment in face of ignorance, inability and resistance in the social environment.
 ◦ It supports struggles for civil rights, emancipation, liberation and fair competition.
 ◦ It is a driving motor of professional specialization - differentiation and political-social pluralism.
Pseudo forms are eg eccentricity and a wasteful lifestyle.
As excess beyond maturity and esprit, it can eg overshoot into deification or degenerate into a win or die 
attitude, self-justice and law of the jungle.
Inhibiting factors are eg despotic concentration of power and legal-social arbitrariness.

6d2) Egalitarianism
Egalitarianism arises out of concerns for the common welfare of the population.
Everybody being born equal by nature, it gives every citizen an equal opportunity to start out from by re-
ducing the chances and vicissitudes of political-social life.
 ◦ It maximizes fair distribution of income, wealth and access to social resources.
 ◦ It encourages collective communication, integration, participation, discussions, decisions, efforts, co-
   operation, reforms and achievements.
 ◦ It respects an accomplishment in the professional fields as the only basis of social merit.
 ◦ It advances a political-legal framework, favouring equal rights on the basis of human dignity with non-
   discrimination because of eg origin, race, colour, language, gender, age, minority/majority status, dis-
   ability and office.
   It protects the existentials of life, liberty, property, due process and certainty of law.
 ◦ It fends off power of people over people by eg political, economic, cultural, social barriers, exploitation,
   oppression and illegitimate power tools.
 ◦ It advocates a classless society without special privileges of eg birth, wealth and position.
 ◦ It advocates akephalie, a public, collective discussion to find political-social decisions in consensus and
   to exclude an established power monopoly as an equality distorting factor.
Pseudo forms are eg levelling down and a me too attitude.
Excess is eg an uniform, population wide school program.
Inhibiting factors are eg abolition of private property and planned economy.


6d3) Institutionalism
Institutionalism sets the roof of a social fabric on the pillars of solid institutions.
A broad based alliance of political-social elites strives for collective long term historic achievements by 
organization, formalization, mobilization and expansion to instrumentalize all fields of life and the entire 
population. Central and traditional institutions are state, court, church, work and school.
 ◦ It maximizes social fortifications with solidarity, responsibility, discipline and accomplishments.
 ◦ it advances a legal-social framework, favouring collective rights with compulsory registration, educa-
   tion, military service, social work and limited property rights and civil liberties.
 ◦ It sets up an efficient infrastructure of human and material resources.
 ◦ It advances in foreign relations the national interests scrupulously.
 ◦ It initiates preventive, relief, research, developmental and applicative projects.
 ◦ It provides communal services with education, integration, assimilation, socialization, participation, 
   contribution, sacrifice, rehabilitation, regeneration and charity for the disadvantaged.
 ◦ It cuts down on waste, idleness and extravagances.
Pseudo form is eg a lengthy submissive etiquette towards an institution.
Institutional excesses are eg overregulation towards a closed system, machination, draconic penalties 
and invasion into private relations as in eg patriarchism.
Inhibiting factors are eg non-addressing of pressing problems and arbitrariness by the official machinery.

6d4) Collectivism
Collectivism arises out of political-social forces for a reformed social organization with priority of collec-
tive welfare of the people and without gross social inequities by collectivizing all political-social ambi-
tions, institutional structures and processes under one broad, horizontal steering committee.
 ◦ It maximizes collective, institutional organization of all discussing and deciding assemblies, planning 
   and executing offices, professional fields and aspects of cultural-social life.
   It transforms most private property into collectively owned property.
   It transfers the value adding chain from natural resources to consumption into collective management.
   It consigns the distribution and reinvestment of produced values to collective decision making.
   It assigns education, training, research and development to collective administrative organs.
 ◦ The individual realizes his potential and aspirations in the collective destiny of the people.
 ◦ It advances a political-legal framework, favouring collective rights based on the unity of mankind with 
   subordination of the individual to the collectivity as specified in a catalogue of common principles.
 ◦ It promotes common social values like helpfulness, cooperation, solidarity, cohesion, discipline, con-
   formity, recognition of interdependencies, collective coordination and decision making.
 ◦ It integrates marginalized groups, oppressed minorities and fends off internal divisions.
 ◦ It spreads collectivist thoughts around the globe with an agenda of social concerns and long term 
 goals to work for a transformation of political-economic-social affairs into a communist system.
Excesses are eg devaluation of the individuum and degeneration into uniform imitation and submission.
Inhibiting factors are eg abolishment of all private property and dictatorship of the proletariat.

6d5) Militarism
Militarism arises out of political-scientific-technological-commercial interests and pursues its ambitions 
for gain, control and dominance with an organized public and secret military machinery.
 ◦ Political goals can be eg
   Defence against a towering foreign competitor up to undercover preparation for war.
   Attack for a territorial correction up to global hegemonial policies.
 ◦ Leadership can be eg a
   Military junta, an authoritarian, oligarchic dictatorship.
   Stratocratic government with civilian administrative departments under military leadership.
   Security council of a complex of associated special interest groups.
 ◦ Esprit can be eg
   Military values like patriotism, prudence, courage, discipline and constant readiness.
   Military anti-values like blind deference, recklessness and crimes on military order.
 ◦ Maximized are eg
   Weapon research, development, deployment, employment, infrastructure and resources.
   Block formation of allies, satellite states and clients along geo-political lines.
   Social programming towards a security supportive, non-dissenting population.
Inhibiting factors are eg indoctrination of ideologies and in-external hegemonic policies.


6d6) Criminality
Criminality as a social mark works as a catalyst towards fascism.
Criminality as a defect in drives, mentality, intellectuality and spirituality arises out of criminal inclinations, 
hate of man and lower instincts of prestige, power, possessions and pleasure.
It sets up inhibiting to gross inhibiting factors against the telos of mind.
It is first recognized by its cynical derision of God given institutions like the dignity of man.
 ◦ It creeps up out of the entire spectrum of the population, the private sector with its professional fields 	and 
   social life and out of the public sector with its administrative departments and bureaucratic community to 
   spread in clandestine underground networks throughout the entire social fabric.
 ◦ Targets of gain are mostly self-image, language, frame works and physical objects.
 ◦ Targets of loss are mostly the natural environment, another person's property, social-professional sur-
   roundings and man himself.
 ◦ Targets of elimination are first political opponents, whistle blowers and watchdog organizations.
 ◦ Means are acquiescence, propaganda, subversion, corruption, deception and violence.
   They spread criminality in capability, radius, degree, bestiality and gains up to fascism.
 ◦ Propaganda leads to polarization of public opinions and justification of illegitimate means.
   It washes out the questioning, probing, critical approach to political-social action.
 ◦ Subversion mentally disrespects the gist of an objective standard.
   It washes out the regulations until they have lost their reality constructing function.
 ◦ Corruption physically violates an objective standard.
   It instrumentalizes social structures and processes until they are left standing as a façade.
 ◦ Deception and violence, the roads to increasing gain, lead to image, system and order fascism.
   Psychic and physical power are the most vile and devastating of all lower instincts.
   Driven, blindly driven and unscrupulously driven, they do not rest until self-destruction.

6d7) Vulnerabilities exist especially to pseudo-mental products like myths, idolatry, superstitions, illu-
sions, construals, ideologies and system theories.
6d8) Excesses are eg pure or ’mono-cultural’ forms of social coinage with large imbalances in heterogen-
ity of thought, work and life.
6d9) Inhibiting factors of social marks are eg oppression, conflict and civil war.


	III  B  7  Scientific-technological development and expansion	

In continuation of construction, expansion by scientific, artistic, contemplative research and development 
of man made objects in advancement of human potential is a universal human activity.
It is initiated by individual and collective spiritual, mental, psychological, emotional, biological and bio-
chemical-physical forces in combination.

Expansion is by large scale, institutionalized, generations running programs of research, development 
and applications of objects of all classes out of human and natural resources. It is promoted mainly by
 ◦ Common, population wide socio-spiritual-mental-psychic-physical needs, desires and demands.
 ◦ Social forces with their schools of political-scientific-technological-commercial-social thought.
 ◦ Social-legal frameworks and human-administrative-technological infrastructures.
 ◦ Aspirational R&D spearheads towards construction of future living environments.

 ◦ Physiological preconditions are autonomy of body and mind with an alert consciousness.
 ◦ Operative preconditions are knowledge, know-how, experience, technical and soft skills.
 ◦ Framework preconditions are a spectrum of freedoms and positive political-social environments.
 ◦ Supportive is an infrastructure of information, regulation and application.

Developments have as organized political-social forces generated all man made phenomena.
Expansion activities are able to further, sustain and altogether destroy man, society and nature.
They have become the mayor driving forces in shaping present day society, eclipsing the traditional 
schools of social thought.
 ◦ Increased is the scientific data base of objects of all classes with their innumerable interwoven 
   factors, each object comprising aspects of the other classes.
 ◦ Increased are the spiritual, mental and natural dimensions into the micro-scale of nano-technologies 
   and macro-scale of the solar system over geological time spans.
 ◦ Increased is the radius of action with its frontiers of the thinkable, calculable, doable and usable.
 ◦ Augmented are mass effects by the employment of technical devices on all living environments.
 ◦ Advanced are human boundaries of spiritual, mental and physical capabilities
   ◦◦ Spiritual limits
      The distance God - man is infinite, God being the creator of heaven and the earth.
      Theological teachings are advanced by spiritual forces through faith and sound theology.
   ◦◦ Mental limits
      Man is born in the common state of non-knowledge and over centuries acquired knowledge consti-
      tutes only a scrap versus the dimensions of the universe. His free phantasy exceeds factual knowl-
      edge by leagues, but rarely approaches common fundamentals or far out extremes.
      Mental states are improved by social forces through maturity, research and development.
   ◦◦ Natural limits
      Limits of action are set by possibilities of existing-known energy, matter, space and time.
      Man can utilize and alter conditions, but he cannot create out of his own new physical forces.
      Natural conditions are improved by social forces through reason, research and development.
   ◦◦ Class boundaries
      Class boundaries as standards of compatibility are enlarged in their rooms of movement.
      They are sound theology towards God, reason towards nature, maturity towards man and ethics to-
      wards society.


7a) Goal attainment
7a1) Goal definition is by philosophy of research with its merits, political-social-scientific-technical-indus-
trial-commercial character, prospects, scope, means, applications and public interactions.
7a2) Pragmatic goal is to improves a technical benchmark for an application.
7a3) Educational goal is to improve population wide technological comprehension and aptness as well 
as to contain negative mass effective consequences on man and environment.
7a4) Qualitative goal is to design an objective benefit into a mental-human-natural product by applying 
sound theology, reason, maturity and ethics within universal standards.
A human drive is transformed into an acceptable product without harm to man or environment.
7a5) Epistemic goal is universal treatment of all objects according to their objective, complete, balanced 
description; their natural, human, social and spiritual dimensions; their levels of reality, abstraction and 
complexity; their applications, results and consequences; their situation, context, environment in space-
time; their aspects and contributions from all people in public discussions.
7a6) Scaled up goal is to fuse envisioned human spiritual, mental and material hopes.
7a7) Main means are the tools of cognition. (Essay 0 Cognition)
Today, all political-social endeavors are build on R&D investments for competitive products and services.
   a7,1) Its first step focuses in-depth on the desired object.
   a7,2) Applied are the subjective, relational and objective factors of cognition.
   a7,3) Expanded, refined, corrected, spread are the canon of present knowledge, know-how and skills.
   a7,4) Management of knowledge serves eg collection, storage and presentation of objects' properties, 
   forces, functions, standards, applications, impact history and safeguards against inhibiting factors.

7b) Rules
7b1) Development builds on human constitution and construction, especially on physiological and frame-
work preconditions and basic universal standards.
7b2) It proceeds in tiny steps from questioning to realization via eg literature and field search, goal defini-
tion, research, forecast, project design, feasibility study, decision, pooling of human-material-financial re-
sources, test runs, provision of goods and services, marketing and feedback evaluation.
7b3) It proceeds on the way from simple to complex, specific to general and concrete to abstract.
7b4) It spreads from a country to a continent, the globe, the planetary system and the galaxy.
7b5) It continuously supersedes present states of art by enlargements of comprehension and application.
7b6) It expands its concepts with superseding, generalizing and unifying principles.
7b7) It abstains from absolute definitions of truths.
7b8) It promotes the spirit of man and the integrity of nature.
7b9) It continuously reapplies all single steps, starting from questioning and cognition in series.

7c) Institutional efforts
Institutional efforts can promote research, development and applications. Private, public non-government 
and government institutions assist, sponsor, champion, channel home and foreign efforts in all fields of 
life at any stage according to their philosophy of research and political-social objectives.
7c1) Means are eg political, legal, financial, commercial, technical, scientific and man power assistance.
7c2) Scope of sponsorship ranges from a single project, professional field, application, human and natu.
ral resource, social structure and process, population group to the natural environment.
7c3) Scale can broaden into a social enterprise to expand human boundaries.


7d) Co-determining factors
Co-determining factors are spiritual, social and natural environmental states, changes and boundaries.
They are long term in- and external, interacting variables of individual and collective lives.
They are as social heritage result of past and present trend setting social forces and visible as the entire-
ty of longer lasting mental-human-natural products.
They are legally treated as a non-contractual framework with favorable and restrictive conditions.
7d1) States comprise eg spiritual, mental, mentality, cultural, vital, executive, legal, judiciary, economic, 
financial, social, media, human-material infrastructural, corruptive and natural environments.
7d2) Changes are caused by eg new emerging motivations and trends in long term goal attainment.
Avant-gardes exist in all professional fields and as new social movements.
Changes are signalized qualitatively and quantitatively by leading, coincident and lagging indicators.
7d3) Boundaries are man’s limits of spiritual, mental and physical capabilities.

7e) Interactions
Interactions of expansive efforts start in early stages as points of awareness, then broaden in most cases 
rapidly into interwoven global relations.
Large scale developmental interactions take place in all expanding professional fields eg
 ◦ In the sciences by eg information exchange, interdisciplinary research and transfer of technologies.
 ◦ In commerce by eg joint ventures to take advantage of synergistic effects.
 ◦ In politics by eg military agreements to set up a security network.
 ◦ In culture by eg international festivals and foreign exchange programs.
7e1) State ranges from concurrence to co-existence, dynamic balance, competition to conflict.
7e2) Scope ranges from past-present, local-global, unrelated-related to public-under cover.
7e3) Effects range from convergence, synergism, revival to distancing, takeover to displacement.


 7f) Developmental marks
Developmental marks evolve out of the predominant scientific-commercial forces, striving mainly for eg 
profit, wealth, growth, progress, power and an image of a rational, functional technological civilization.
They have become the main driving forces in shaping the present day society, eclipsing the traditional 
schools of social thought.

7f1) Futurology
Futurology describes the past and present state of political, military, economic, scientific, technological 
and social affairs to predict future short to long term developments over the spectrum of possible, pro-
bable, desirable, alternate and consequential scenarios.
 ◦ It is employed by all private and public, regional and global players to lay out strategical and tactical 
   road maps for future growth in their fields of activity.
 ◦ Qualitative and quantitative linear, exponential and chaotic modelling of future states employs extrapo-
   lation by counting and projection, added by educated guess, trend, speculation, utopia and fiction.
 ◦ As indicators serve also present world views, the art epoch and studies in history.
 ◦ Overambitious efforts strive to calculate all man-man-nature interactions to map and direct the course 
   of historic developments despite the large number of future imponderabilities.

7f2) Innovation
Innovation introduces new designs. It generates along the product road map from conception to sale suc-
cessively improved versions and speculative, visionary objects, which did not exist before on the market.
It initiates periodic, large scale, far reaching political-religious-mental-social-cultural-administrative adap-
tations, re-orientations, incisions and upheavals.
   f2,1) It increases the number and variety of existing objects and accelerates their turnover.
   f2,2) It increases the number, differentiates and specializes the professional fields.
   f2,3) Modernization promotes present state of the art technologies like mechanization, automatization 
   and digitalization for gains in efficiency, productivity, competitiveness and growth.
   f2,4) Rationalization cuts out waste. It eliminates non-required means of goal attainment.
	f2,4,1) It sets up a tight chain of cause – effect relations to achieve a lean operation.
	f2,4,2) Its criteria are mostly maximization of profits and minimization of costs.
	f2,4,3) Administratively it eg sets priorities, standards, bench marks, specializes and reorganizes.
	f2,4,4) Technologically it eg improves materials and processes, innovates and modernizes.
   f2,5) Urbanization sets up basic, practical administrative-technical infrastructures and services in cen-
   tric and poly-centric urban areas to massively expand and attract neighbouring, rural populations.
   It offers new opportunities, wealth, higher living standards and mobilizes social-cultural forces.
   f2,6) Industrialization with mass production in organized step by step processes promotes a scientific-
   industrial-technological-commercial civilization, which in turn inspires innovative applications.
   f2,7) Sciensfication promotes generations running, institutionalized scientific R&D as a mental re-
   source and a driving production factor aside of capital, labor and natural resources.
   f2,8) Globalization promotes worldwide exchange of ideas, people, goods, services, money for eco-
   nomic growth by liberalized trade and fiscal policies, efficient communication and transportation, but 
   favouring mostly global players in an interdependent, strained competitive, inequitable market.
   f2,9) Cosmization carries technological applications of the professional fields throughout space.

7f3) Affluent society
The affluent society is based on new scientific-technological-organizational developments in the mass 
production of material goods and services to make them available to the vast majority of the population.
 ◦ The supply side designs, produces and distributes cost efficiently, proficiently, flexible, in large variety, 
   in large output and in short product cycles consumer goods from life’s necessities like food, clothing, 
   shelter, energy, transportation to extravagant luxuries like limousines.
 ◦ The demand side consumes and satisfies its needs according to its income in free preferences, accu-
   mulates wealth and lets its lifestyle be stimulated by artificial demands of mass media glamour.
 ◦ Poverty by GDP/capita is reduces with economic growth, but the same inequitable distribution ratio.
 ◦ Self-service, indifference, waste and destruction are not embedded in the true product costs.
 ◦ Solely commercialized production and consumption cause gross pollution, depletion and destruction of 
   natural resources. They cannot be projected on the entire world population, - they exceed the planet’s 
   resources, are not sustainable and will lead inevitably to planetary catastrophes.


7f4) Information society
The information society is based on the digital economy, a new scientific-technological development in 
line with the agricultural and industrial revolutions to permanently coin the political-social character.
A digital representation encodes every object of any class with its properties in virtual reality.
A generated unit of information of any volume-variety as an immaterial product can be electronically 
stored-copied in data banks, processed-designed in multi media, transmitted-shared-classified globally 
in public-private linked networks to be used-applied on stationary-mobile devices 24 h in real time.
The global data base has become an every day integrate part of all elements, structures and processes 
of political-social life, it eg
 ◦ Has enhanced communication, standing at the center of all social relations and activities.
 ◦ Has increased mental-physical capacities in eg productivity, versatility, flexibility, distance and speed.
 ◦ Has accelerated the growth of information, knowledge and management of knowledge exponentially.
 ◦ Has given in-external dynamic impulses to education, research, development and applications.
 ◦ Has become an independent production factor aside from capital, labor and natural resources.
 ◦ Has become an independent resource of information power with societal antagonisms.
 ◦ Is utilized as a representative tool by all political-social forces and their institutions for line organization 
   and in media campaigns, build up of image, public discussions, problem and conflict solving.
 ◦ Is applied transnationally in all professional fields from politics, the military, the sciences, economy, 
   administrative services to entertainment with rationalization, automatization and AI autonomization.
Data security is hardly ensured against cyber-criminality like unfair competition, theft of intellectual prop-
erty, violations of privacy and personality rights, individual profiling, social programming and propaganda.

7f5) Environmental advocacy
Environmental advocacy engages itself on behalf of the rights of mature.
Man as part of nature stands at their intersection and acts as advocate for the rights of man and as rep-
resentative advocate for the rights of nature and safeguards himself against adverse natural forces and 
equally safeguards nature against adverse human forces.
The physical, chemical, geological, biological, zoological, genetic forces and their ensuing formations, 
forms of life and interactions constitute a value in its own right and worth of protection.
First championed by lone voices and grassroot movements for ethical, protective, medical, philanthropic, 
social, existential and innovative concerns, they have grown into a critical, corrective, visionary and 
broad based, global movement against man’s self-centered interests of production, consumption and ag-
gressive technologies for the exploitation of natural resources as they expanded over millenniums.
Main intent is the conservation of the planetary habitable zone.
Scaled up intent for man and nature is to survive as one community of life in cosmic dimensions.
Environmental advocacy pursues eg
 ◦ Collection of information about the phenomena of nature by the earth and life sciences.
 ◦ Collection of information about human interventions by the social and natural sciences.
 ◦ Specification of the causes, mechanisms and damages of man made environmental incisions.
 ◦ Specification of the political-economic-social forces of opposition against protective measures.
 ◦ Specification and formulation of the laws, markers and protective requirements.
 ◦ Information of the press, the public and competent government institutions.
 ◦ Set up advocacy organizations on a global scale to plead for their causes and programs.
 ◦ Lobbying for the local to international adaptation and enforcement of the codices of nature.
 ◦ Recommendation of short and long term investments for environmental conservation measures.
 ◦ Initiation of research and development in eco-friendly technologies and applications.
 ◦ Monitoring of the effectiveness of standards, programs and measures.


7g) Vulnerabilities
7g1) A civilization of man made objects as a complex, multi-interdependent techno-city is vulnerable to 
manipulation of its longer, faster, intertwined chains of actions and to miniscule, far off, hard to detect, 
incalculable uncertainties, risks and dangers.
Most vulnerable are single individuals in their outer and inner freedoms.
Traces of natural and synthesized bacteria, viruses and toxins, not visible to the eye, can be lethal.
7g2) Its extended radius of possibilities opens up targets for irresponsible policies to drive manically 
ahead with any project that is profitable, conceptually, organizationally and technologically doable to 
shape man, society and nature, leading to pseudo-mental products, excesses, exploitation of the envi-
ronment, political-military misdevelopments and pseudo-developments.

7h) Pseudo-mental products
Scientific-technological mastery of nature fosters pseudo-mental products of slogans, naivitées, aggran-
dizements and illusions of human capabilities and conveniences.
Quickly claimed is progress without a limit with
 ◦ Increases in knowledge and the human radius of action.
 ◦ Increases in life expectancies and social-economic possibilities.
 ◦ Increases in wellbeing, welfare, wealth and power.
 ◦ Comprehensive problem solving by technological expertise.
 ◦ All around conflict solving by growing together.
 ◦ An image of a rational, functional technological civilization.
 ◦ Happiness with an easy going and successful lifestyle.
The public political-social reality and its rooms of movement fade into scenery designed facades, glam-
our, polished formalisms, stupor, distrust and hypocrisy towards objective values.
Gone is the informed citizen, who thinks independently over the full spectrum of his mind.
Pseudo-mental products have a free fall into excesses and gross misdevelopments.

7i) Excesses
Excesses occur through eg run-aways like speculation bubbles, large commercial imbalances like 
monopoles, large financial imbalances like polarization of wealth, framework break downs like black 
markets and short cuts like ideas for cash.
Greedy excesses are often belittled, acquiesced by illusions, tabooed by political correctness, but rapidly 
growing into global misdevelopments fall in the long run back on themselves.

7j) Exploitation of the environment
Expansive activities, falling off into scientific-technological misdevelopments, come up mostly from lower 
instincts, criminal inclinations and aggrandizements to exploit natural resources for big business and pro-
fit and often being acquiesced by illusions, infringe the integrity of nature and as inhibiting factor under-
mine existential living conditions.
As apparently non-resisting targets, they suffer by mass effective, non-sustainable, often irreparable in-
cisions, changes, substitutions, degradations, destructions and eliminations.
Threatened is the earth’s biosphere with its atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere.
 ◦ Changed is the N2-O2-CO2 balance of the atmosphere towards a proportional excess of CO2 with a 	
   greenhouse effect to disrupt weather patterns and cause global warming.
 ◦ Polluted are water, land, and air with contamination of all living organisms and the food chain.
 ◦ Contaminated are product lines with toxic production residues and materials.
 ◦ Wasted are products without being eg consumed, preserved, repaired or recycled.
 ◦ Burned up are renewable natural resources beyond their ability of regeneration.
 ◦ Depleted are non-renewable natural resources without sufficient frugality or rehabilitation.
 ◦ Reduced and eliminated are biotopes and biodiversity with entire common and rare species.


7k) Political-military misdevelopments
Expansive activities, degrading into political-military misdevelopments, come up mostly from lower in-
stincts for power, the most devastating archaic notion, to exploit human resources for political-military-
intelligence-scientific-technological-industrial-commercial superiority and being tabooed by public opinion 
control, infringe basic human rights and lead as inhibiting factor to collapse of political-social systems.
As apparently pliable targets, people are manipulated by leverage of ‘soft’, clandestine means out of mili-
tarily protected command centers with global telecommunication and surveillance systems to
 ◦ Control public opinion by eg manipulation of content, context, style and image of public media.
 ◦ Collect population wide individual profiles from all daily activities in all areas of life.
 ◦ Operate hit teams for targeted poisoning with B-C-G-R (bio-chemical-genetic-radiative) toxins.
 ◦ Channel individual behavior and program political-commercial-social structures and processes.
R&D&Apps have been turned into a pioneering battlefield for political-social control and gain. 
‘Security’ is pseudo rationalized, ideologized and instrumentalized as a tool of power.
The means for political-military predominance are derived out of large scale weapon R&D projects.
 ◦ Weaponizing of modern technologies is to hit progressively easier, faster, severer, more precise, be 
   more effectively shielded and guided than foregone ones and to exhaust human-material, scientific-
   technological capabilities in space, air, at sea, land from single to large scale, non-lethal to lethal, in-
   tercepting to retaliating tools and in cyberspace from data scanning to misinforming to infrastructure 
   crippling hacks.
 ◦ B-C-G-R-N weapons
   Aside from R&D of conventional weapons, developed are B-C-G-R-N (biological, chemical, genetic,
    radiation, nano) compact weapon architectures as the 4th generation after spears, guns, rockets and 
   are now armed with toxins like contaminants, bio-chemical-genetic agents, electrical current, electro-
   magnetic-thermal-acoustic radiation and neurologically coded misinformation.
 ◦ Out of life sciences developed weapons always lead to inexpensive, perfidious weapons of mass de-
   struction, corrupting as totalitarian tools in first line human living environments, where it cannot be per-
   ceived by the senses in the very small, very distant and difficult to detect.
 ◦ Geneva Conventions
   The civilized world, customary international law and the Geneva Conventions (especially the Biolo-
   gical Weapons Convention (UN Geneva 1972) and the Chemical Weapons Convention (UN Geneva 
   1992)) outlaw the development, production, stockpiling of B and C weapons as a means of warfare 
   and call for their disarmament.
 ◦ Arms race
   An arms race between the global political blocks, having started with the Cold War, continues today in 
   weapon development for a credible defence with overkill stockpiles of A-B-C-G-R-N weapons. It in-
   volves actively the political, military, intelligence, scientific, technological, commercial, financial, cultur-
   al and social professional fields to instrumentalize them in geo-political contests for power. Under the 
   superpowers’ shields conflicts of global positioning and degradation of political-social fabrics endure in 
   relentless efforts with shifting advantages.
 ◦ Dirty war
   A global, clandestine, dirty B-C-R-G-N war wages between government and private, independent de-
   fence leagues' security services of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Worlds and their populations. They operate glo-
   bal systems of labor camps for electro-magnetic-bio-chem-genetic programming of individual-social 
   and psychological-physiological profiles and to eliminate human roots of dissenting, opposing and 
   moral voices.


5l) Pseudo-developments
Expansive activities, drifting off into pseudo-developments, come up mostly from lower instincts of power, 
the most devastating archaic notion, to genetically manipulate human resources for political-military-intel-
ligence-scientific-technological-industrial-commercial superiority and being shielded by image fascism, 
lead as inhibiting factor to a transformation of man.
As apparently self-unconscious targets, people are being misused by civilian professions and depraved 
weaponizing directed against God given institutions, which are protected in the civilized world by basic 
human rights.
Threatened is a 'human hand directed, accelerated evolution' by electro-magnetic-mechanical-bio-che-
mical-genetic means to transform man into a programmable cyborg - cloned chimera with special aug-
mented capabilities according to orders.
Man’s position in nature is existential dependency on a small, scarcely endowed planet in a 250 million 
years from now heating up solar system as physiological basis and room of life, which he has to pre-
serve and not to counteract technological efforts to survive in cosmic dimensions.
Man is with nature given and trained awareness, conviction, maturity and reason well enough endowed 
to overcome limiting and hostile factors. A human hand directed evolution stands therefore in violation of
 ◦ Dignity of man
   Dignity of man as self-set and self-interpreting value is violated in its integrity of health and autonomy 
   of body, mind, genetic code and gene expressions.
 ◦ Unity of mankind
   Unity of mankind in nature given common ancestry, range of equality in body, mind and environments 
   and common long term future is violated by technologically integrated inequalities into human physio-
   logical, psychological and mental capacities. Differences of eg strong-weak, healthy-sickly, rich-poor, 
   powerful-dependent are added by specifically enhanced-non-enhanced.
 ◦ Responsibility
   Responsibility to act in stewardship of the creation and of each individual towards man, society, nature 
   is violated in its transparency and adequacy as communication and action require identification, trace-
   ability and accountability of a person’s intentions, conceptions and administrative-technical tools.
   Tools are to be handled logically-practically as distinct, separate, auxiliary variables of expression.
   A cyborg-chimera with augmented capabilities can only be identified by a barcode scan app as their 
   special performance-control mechanisms, often without exit-brake, are enclosed in their data sheets.
 ◦ Freedom
   Inner and outer freedoms of movement are limited by new dependencies and vulnerabilities.
   Dependencies arise for eg training, bio-chemical agents, check ups, devices, maintenance, monitor-
   ing, safety, reliability, technological service infrastructure and political-social-regulatory frameworks.
   Vulnerabilities arise to eg propaganda, discrimination, polarization, manipulation, social programming 	
   of population structures-performance profiles, science fiction concepts, misapplications, conflicts, G-R 	
   hyper-warfare and loss of ethical-historical freedom.
 ◦ Side effects
   An arbitrarily, bio-technologically designed genetic evolution of individuals, groups and entire popula-
   tions according to desired performance criteria will affect a selected trait directly, when the phenotype 
   with a morphological or functional distinction is traceable to a specific hereditarily passed on genotype 
   and the individual gene or gene group as functional unit is identified with its bio-synthetic pathway. 
   With it affected are the anatomy, morphology and physiology of the organism and massive, population 
   wide manipulations show first in the demographic structure. Genetic incisions to determine a specific 
   trait in the public psychological profile gaplessly, stably, time effectively will affect the demographic 
   structure with all co-determining genetic factors and result due to the long causal chains, large number 
   of variables and interdependencies in an almost irreversible shift of frame in several allele frequencies 
   of the world population's gene pool with risks and dangers of further long term effects, of further G-R 
   weapon developments and undercover operations and of an uncontrollable, spreading, almost irrever-
   sible planetary catastrophe.
 ◦ Exemptions
   Acceptable electro-magnetic-mechanical-bio-chem-genetic incisions remain diagnosis, prostheses, 
   production of medication, somatic therapy, comparable in concept to abortion indication rules.


7m) Results
Results of expressions by communication and action comprise all longer lasting man made objects.
Their design, generation and manifestation are collected in the canon of knowledge.
They can be classified as mental, mental-human and mental-human-natural products.
They can sub-classified as essential, common and luxurious.
7j1) Mental products
Mental products as results of neuro-physiological data processing are internal, conscious, intentional, 
visualized constructions. They are abstract units with identity, name and defined content of properties, 
independent of realization or utilization. They give an intellectual contribution to the canon of knowledge.
They are a conceptual design of most products. They can be
   j1,1) Spiritual mental products like an ethical standard.
   Example is the Nicene creed, Athanasius (AD 287-373) fought for his life long.
   j1,2) World view mental products like a way of thought.
   Example is humanism, a questioning and educating view of man, being endowed with human dignity 
   and the potentials for freedom, individuality and virtues in real life.
   j1,3) Personal mental products like an individual opinion.
   j1,4) Mental processing products like a design of expression.
   j1,5) Professional mental products like a law of nature.
   Example is the Archimedes' principle, he (BC 287-212) discovered while playing with soap in a bath.
   Today, development of a mental product often requires a large scale R&D project.
   j1,6) Auxiliary mental products assisting another product like an operating instruction.
   j1,7) Evaluation is by eg truth, merit, sincerity, completeness and consistency.
7j2) Mental-human products
Mental-human products as results of molding human resources are external, conscious, intentional, rea-
lized construction. They are concrete units with identity, name, defined content of properties and func-
tion, independent of utilization. They give an administrative contribution in service to man and environ-
ment. They are organized large scale to handle mass applications. They can be
   j2,1) Institutionalized administrative units like a law court.
   Example is public trial by state authorities in cases of capital offense to break through cycles of savage 
   blood revenge, as expounded by eg Aeschylus (BC 525-456) in his 'Eumenides'.
   j2,2) Associative administrative units like a scientific community.
   j2,3) Auxiliary administrative units like a called in expert panel.
   j2,4) Evaluation is by eg merit, function, performance and transparency.
7j3) Mental-human-natural products
Mental-human-natural products as results of molding natural resources of physical raw materials, flora 
and fauna are man made material objects. They are concrete units with identity, name, a list of defined 
properties and uses. They give a technical contribution in service to man and environment.
Their finished state is described by eg appearance, function, performance, quality, practicability, effi-
ciency, specialization, differentiation, communication and energy consumption.
In daily population wide production and consumption, they add up to mass effects. They can be
   j3,1) Modified natural environment like a dam against the tides.
   j3,2) Cultivated natural flora and fauna products like a fruit orchard.
   j3,3) Products from non-living raw materials like machinery.
   j3,4) Semi-finished goods, eg an automotive part is further processed into a complete product, a car.
   j3,5) Evaluation is by eg industrial, technical and practical standards like function, performance, quali-
   ty, service, cost, recognition, acceptance and natural-social concerns.


				III  B  8  Inhibiting factors	

Inhibiting factors introduce man made barriers by causes of error and intent.
8a) Errors are deficiencies in intellect.
They are caused by eg thoughtlessness, non-knowledge, mistake, but mostly by irrationalities like
8a1) Primitive aggrandizements like fate, fame, glory, beauty. happiness and sex appeal.
8a2) Self-exultations like man to be the crown of creation, - a self-deception that has been rectified by 
cosmological insults: man and earth are not the center of the universe, he does not spring out of a single 
act of divine creation, he is not driven alone by reason and he is vulnerable to minute traces of toxins.
8a3) Caricatures, when reduced to oversimplification, black-white painting and prejudice.
8a4) Pseudo-mental products, lacking sound theology, reason or maturity like myth, idol, superstition, il-
lusion, dogmatism, ideology, construal, social programming and secret policy goal.
8a5) Pseudo-logical reasoning like tautology, pleonasm, circular reasoning and regress ad infinitum.
8a6) They spread by eg culture, teaching, ways of thought and political-social propaganda.

8b) Intentional barriers are defects in drives, mentality, intellectuality and spirituality, originating out of 
criminal inclinations, hate of man and archaic notions of prestige, power, possessions and pleasure.
They strive to bleed dry with kraken suction cups any object in reach and tangible.
They openly, tyrannically set up arbitrary rules or secretly, hypocritically corrupt equitable law.
They pervert knowledge and with it its natural-human-spiritual realities.
They defile human dignity and universal human, social, natural and spiritual values.
8b1) Targets of gain are mostly self-image, language, frame works and physical objects.
8b2) Targets of loss are mostly the natural environment, another person's property, social-professional 
surroundings and he himself.
8b3) Targets of elimination are first whistle blowers, watchdog organizations and political opponents.
8b4) Means are acquiescence, subversion, corruption, deception and violence.
   b4,1) Acquiescence yields to political-economic-social pressure as way of least resistance.
   b4,2) Subversion mentally disrespects the gist of an objective standard.
   b4,3) Corruption physically violates an objective standard.
   b4,4) Deception manipulates perceptions, comprehension, intentions, conceptions, decisions, individual 
   actions and social behavior patterns by
 ◦ Motivation control, eg stirring up of lower fears and desires leads to eg brutality.
 ◦ Justification control, eg propaganda for a political system leads to eg ideology.
 ◦ Knowledge control, eg privileged information leads to eg system control.
 ◦ Cyber control, eg fake news and fiction ware lead to eg biased hyper reality.
 ◦ Public opinion control, eg manipulation of content, context, style and image by eg appeasement, 
   diffusion, deflection, distortion, misinformation, omission, elimination, perversion, ridicule, enter-
   tainment, glorification, irrationality leads large scale to social reality control.
   b4,5) Violence impairs a spiritual, natural, man made object or human being by degrading abuse, 
   misuse by a civilian tool designed to amend and attack by a military tool designed to do damage.
   A society with a multitude of social-administrative-technical interrelations is extremely vulnerable to 
   'soft' channels of private and public coercion, curtailing inner and outer freedoms of movement.
 ◦ Damage of a man made object is by eg tempering, misapplication and destruction.
 ◦ Infringement of a political-social-professional framework is by eg harassment, disenfranchisement, 
   oppression, exploitation, subjugation, strangulation, enslavement and expulsion.
 ◦ Degrading abuses are eg insult, surveillance, defamation and demonization.
 ◦ Impairment can be eg physical injury, disease, altered growth and differentiation of a physiological 
   trait and change in the level of a genetic-physiological capacity.
 ◦ Transformation can be into a cyborg - chimera with programmable augmented capabilities.
 ◦ Replacement can be by a programmable robotized android.
 ◦ Elimination can be by severe cripplement and murder.
8b5) Escalation
   b5,1) Deception and violence can escalate in place to the planetary system, in time to an area, in severi-
   ty to bestiality, in organization to a totalitarian system and in technology to industrial murder.
   b5,2) Lower instincts drive them to the outmost, prestige leading to image fascism, power to system 
   fascism, possessions to order fascism, pleasure to hedonism and their combination to global hege-
   monic policies.


				III  B  9 Summary

Society is a man made object, existing out of the components man, population and man - man relations.
It is constructed by man, social forces, growth processes, groups, interrelations, goals, means, adminis-
trative organizations, technical devices, resources, environments and supervision.
Essential for a durable society are a physiological base, freedom, public discussion, problem solving, 
conflict solving, defence and ethics.
A service society entails priorities, responsibilities, tasks, means, results, supervision and development.

9a) Social forces
A society generates cause setting forces and capabilities to mold human, natural and spiritual objects.
9a1) Global players are today larger political parties, government political-military-administrative elites, 
private spiritual-legal-medical-scientific-business-press elites and interests-money associations.
9a2) Their major intentions strive for egocentric advantages by means of hegemonic policies with global 
power networks over people, data, goods, services, money and territory.
9a3) Their major conception of given national, global and cosmic dimensions concentrates on the possibil-
ities for exploitation of resources by means of knowledge and wealth generating professional fields.

9b) Recipients
Recipients mostly cooperate in the power networks. Without emancipation of a mind of their own, they 
follow pseudo-happiness in stupor to comment, adapt and profiteer or criticize, diffuse and get run over.

9c) Results
9c1) Man and society do not practice cognition to see their intentions, conceptions, convictions and ex-
pressions with their positive and negative consequences.
They cannot overcome inhibiting factors by non-violent means of enlightenment to convince and correct.
They cannot project themselves into the future with a real prospect in cosmic dimensions.
9c2) Continuing or escalating are massive hunger, epidemics, inequities of wealth, overpopulation, envi-
ronmental destruction, human rights violations, exploitation, subjugation, open and hidden combat.
9c3) Military ABC overkill build-up threatens eradication of life on earth ten or more times over.
9c4) A global, clandestine, dirty B-C-R-G-N war wages between government, private, independent de-
fence leagues' security services of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Worlds and their populations. They operate global 
systems of labor camps for electro-magnetic-bio-chem-genetic programming of social-psychological-
physiological profiles to transform man into a programmable cyborg - cloned chimera and to eliminate 
human roots of dissenting, opposing and moral voices.

9d) Public Accusations
The major church and secular political-social leaders are by universal standards accused of image fas-
cism and in hundreds of millions of cases a year worldwide of:
8d1) Environmental violations by eg pollution, eradication, depletion, climatic shift
8d2) Deception by eg misinformation, mock discussion, opinion control
8d3) Exploitation by eg unfair trade conditions
8d4) Subjugation by eg torture, enslavement, sterilization, child misuse, rape
8d5) Degrading by eg surveillance, stalking, profile control
8d6) Physical injury by eg gassing, radiation, poisoning
8d7) Murder by eg physical injury, terrorism, civil strife and war
9e) Self-extinction The predominant decision making elites, driven by archaic notions, void of a human base, cannot fill any present or visionary political, social, cultural, technical enterprise with real substance in the spirit of man. Power, the most devastating archaic notion, narrow, vile, hateful, persistent, scheming, instrumentalizes social values, structures, processes, resources, rooms of spiritual, mental and physical movement. 'For all the nations have drunk the maddening wine of her adulteries.' (Rev 18, 3 TNIV). After colonialism, two world wars and genocide, today with modern technologies of mass destruction, the sum of multiple, escalating gross corruptions in excess of boundaries will lead inevitably to planetary ca- tastrophes, collapse of political-social systems and self-extinction of mankind. 43 ~ PDF ~ ~ Home ~