III A   Man

				To describe man,
				You do not study
				His world, but his mind,
				The organ, generating
				Cause setting forces.

				Udo Frentzen	2014/22

 1				~ PDF ~	~ Home ~

			III A 1	Remarks

			1a)		Image
			1b)		Natural constitution
			1c)		Construction
			1d)		Expansion
			1e)		Essentials

			III A 2	Standards

			2a)		Definition
			2b)		Intent
			2c)		Scope
			2d)		Generation
			2e)		Classification
			2f)		Scale
			2g)		Realization

			III A 3	Constitution

			3a)		Physical growth
			3b)		Needs and drives
			3c)		Nervous system
			3d)		The senses
			3e)		Memory
			3f)		Psychic activities
			3g)		Emotions
			3h)		Motivations
			3i)		Anthropological characteristics

			III A 4	Construction
			4a)		Intention	
			4b)		Conception
			4c)		Mental operations
			4d)		Question
			4e)		Search
			4f)		Cognition
			4g)		Experience
			4h)		Knowledge
			4i)		Comprehension
			4j)		Reflection
			4k)		Design of expression
			4l)		Expressions
			4m)		Communication
			4n)		Action
			4o)		Institution
			4p)		Technical device


			III A 5	Expansion

			5a)		Developmental and expansive efforts
			5b)		Expansive efforts
			5c)		Goal attainment	
			5d)		Rules
			5e)		Institutional efforts
			5f)		Co-determining factors
			5g)		Interactions
			5h)		Vulnerabilities
			5i)		Excesses
			5j)		Exploitation of nature
			5k)		Pseudo-mental-products
			5l)		Pseudo-sciences
			5m)		Misuses
			5n)		Misdevelopments
			5o)		Pseudo-developments
			5p)		Results
			5q)		Evaluation

			III A 6	Essentials

			6a)		Physiological base
			6b)		Freedom
			6c)		Conviction

			III A 7	Inhibiting factors

			7a)		Errors
			7b)		Intentional barriers

			III A 8	Summary

			8a)		Achievements
			8b)		Failures
			8c)		Accusations
			8d)		Self-extinction


				III  A  1  Remarks

Intent of the essay is to take a stock check of man at the beginning of the 21st century.
Observer's position is questioning, reflective, defensive, hopeful, literary participation.
Definition of truth for the essay is: Have all components and their esprit been considered?

Man and his image consist out of components, not as a single, defined, finished object. They are mutual-
ly interwoven and building on each other as natural constitution, construction and expansion.

1a) Image
Man’s pragmatic image is described by his spiritual, mental and human forces.
His visible image is described by his expressions, having generated all man made phenomena.
His mental image is described by his spiritual, mental, human and historical horizons.
He stands at the center of his forces, their standards, generation, application and responsibility.
His convictions direct his intentions, conceptions, decisions and expressions.
They are trained in telos of mind, - a by nature solely altruistic or ego-centric man does not exist.
His image is marred by inhibiting factors, as convictions are vulnerable to lower instincts, myth, idolatry, 
superstition, illusion, ideology, deception and violence.

1b) Natural constitution
Components are physical growth, needs, drives, motivations, the senses, memory, emotions, psychic 
activities, mental capabilities and anthropological characteristics.

1c) Construction
Components are intention, conception, mental operations, question, search, experience, cognition, com-
prehension, reflection, design of expression, expression, communication, action, institution and technical 

1d) Expansion
Components are its goals, expansion rules, institutional efforts, co-deter-mining factors, interactions, in-
novation, pseudo-mental products, excesses, exploitation of nature, political-military misdevelopments, 
pseudo-developments, results and evaluation.
They open, diversify and push the frontiers of mankind step by step forward to increase his radius of 
action and his boundaries of physical, mental and spiritual capabilities.

1e) Essentials
Essentials of life are a physiological base, freedom and conviction as decision making mental organ.
Individual and collective convictions aim in telos of mind at the long term essentials of man, society and 


				III  A  2  Standards

Standards entail mostly definition, purpose, scope, generation, classification, scale and application.
2a) Definition
Man’s standard, a self-set and self-interpreting value, is human dignity.
2b) Purpose
2b1) Purpose is to protect man, society and environment that human actions in freedom of choice with 
positive and negative consequences do not to fall back on themselves, but promote objective benefits.
2b2) Scaled up purpose is to further telos of mind with sound mental concepts in ethical freedom.
2c) Scope
They apply to all subjective-objective, individual-collective, spiritual-human-natural objects in space-time.
There is not one object with at least one spiritual and human and natural aspect.
2d) Generation
Human dignity and deduced values are generated by designation of goods as being worth of protection.
2e) Classification
2e1) Spiritual values protect divine gifts to man.
2e2) Existential values protect basic human rights to life.
2e3) Humanitarian values protect basic personal rights to growth.
2e4) Environmental values protect basic rights of nature.
2e5) Cosmic values contribute to life, truth, unity and environment for the long term future of man.
2e6) Universal values apply to all objects on the globe in past, present and future.
2e7) Framework values combine all proper values of a social fabric.
2e8) Object values combine all proper values of a single object.
2f) Scale
Values are ordered hierarchically according to significance and range of validity and connected by an un-
broken interlinked tree structure. There are no values, which cannot be deduced from human dignity.
2f1) Primary values
   f1,1) Primary spiritual, existential, humanitarian and universal value is love, being kind, patient and pro-
   tecting. It abhors violence. It extends to the low (Mat 25,40), lost (Luk 15,4) and hostile (Mat 5,43).
   It extends equally to all disregarding origin, race, color, gender, age, position, wealth, culture and faith.
   f1,2) Primary to fourth values in a constitutional framework are often codified as basic human rights.
   f1,3) Primary universal natural value is integrity of nature.
2f2) Secondary spiritual, humanitarian, universal and natural value is truth. It abhors deception.
It extends to all objects in reach of self-awareness, curiosity, imagination and ambition.
   f2,1) Truth is found by cognition, first by an intruding, observing, questioning, investigating search, ex-
   hausting available means to generate knowledge.
   f2,2) Investigating an object, truth is in respect to God a comprehensive analysis towards innocence, 
   in respect to man and nature a comprehensive analysis in spirit of man and in integrity of nature.
   Their research adding each other, they stand on a linked, equal, balanced and cooperating level.
   f2,3) Truth in its narrow context means third party non-falsifiable congruence of an object with its de-
   scription in one to one accuracy from property to term to sign to communication to documentation.
   Established is a logical linked equivalence between real object and linguistic term.
   f2,4) Truth in its wider context means an accurate, complete, transparent. objective description of an 
   object within the dimensions of man's radius of action and responsibilities.
   f2,5) Truth in its cosmic context means an accurate, scaled up, objective description of an object with-
   in the dimensions of nature and the infinite.
   f2,6) Truth in a social framework means freedom of knowledge from generation to application.
2f3) Tertiary, existential, humanitarian, universal and primary social value is unity of mankind.
It abhors segregation. It is based on equity and justice with the rule of law.
2f4) Fourth humanitarian and universal values are freedoms, emancipation and common welfare.
2f5) Professional standards are guidelines of state of the art field knowledge and praxis.
2f6) Item specific standards are benchmarks of properties and performance.
2g) Realization is by design, feedback, public discussion, regulation, supervision and litigation.
Design entails proper formulation, combination and conflict solving of standards.


				III  A  3  Constitution

An originator can be a natural, legal or virtual person.
A natural originator's needs and drives build up to psychic activities, emotions, motivations and into con-
scious intentions, conceptions, decisions and expressions.
They initiate at any starting point from lower instincts to higher hopes and proceed in any direction on any 
chosen path, straight, meandering or in repetitive cycles in varying modi and intensities. Beaming with 
life as well as being vulnerable, they reach out to all objects of imagination and drive on with zeal inex-
haustibly to excess. Demanding ever new stimulation, satisfaction and expansion, they transgress with 
accumu-lated resources, administrative-technical tools, research and development, deception and vio-
lence the boundaries of man and his environments. They do not rest until self-destruction.
Growth of physiological-physical-psychic-emotional-motivational-mental capabilities depends on an array 
of interwoven internal and environmental phase specific and continuous, subconscious and conscious 
factors in a process of life long man-society-nature-God interacting activities.

3a) Physical growth proceeds out of evolution determined traits of geno- and phenotype, onto- and phy-
logenetic factors together with nutrition, exercise, environmental conditioning and selection to form out 
morphology, anatomy and physiology over a life cycle of six stages from zygote to embryo, infant, youth, 
adult to death and a sex cycle of three stages from germ cell to karyogamy to mature sex organ.

3b) Needs and drives
Needs and drives arise out of various internal stimuli and external incentives to form a motivation to-
wards action. They desire a state of satisfaction, wellbeing, continuation, achievement and recognition.
3b1) Spiritual needs and drives address all phenomena
   b1,1) Faith is given by God and accepted with a set of religious principles.
   b1,2) Man is centered in his convictions, a concept of life in self-determination.
   b1,3) Values aspire local to cosmic object specific and frame work benefits.
3b2) Mental needs and drives thrive with eg curiosity, variation, experiment and result, seeking eg
   b2,1) Free physical-mental movement and control.
   b2,2) Information, experience, know-how and knowledge.
   b2,3) Identity, independence, self-reliance, -determination, -realization and -presentation.
   b2,4) Improvement of individual, social and environmental conditions, first in putting off death, allevia-	
   tion of diseases and reduction of bare needs, restrictions, contingencies, risks and dangers.
   b2,5) Reduction of complexities to simplicity, transparency, accessibility and functionality.
3b3) Social needs and drives thrive with eg communication and socialization, seeking eg
   b3,1) Immediate social environment in a small group with common language.
   b3,2) Reproduction of the immediate surroundings, social group and species.
   b3,3) Social identity with name, self-esteem and –respect.
   b3,4) Collective identity with chosen association, participation, culture and norms.
   b3,5) Production of social structures and processes, coordination and organic growth.
3b4) Emotional needs and drives comprise moods, sensations, passions, sentiments and compassions.
3b5) Biological needs and drives thrive with eg resources and consumption, seeking eg as
   b5,1) Absolutely necessary: existence, self-preservation and provisions for the near future.
   b5,2) Indispensable: privacy, rest and recreation.
   b5,3) Urgent: protection against natural and human threats.
   b5,4) Required: physical maintenance and excitement of life's basic notions.
   b5,5) Desirable: livelihood above marginality with youth, ease, comfort and entertainment.
   b5,6) Aspirational: self-development of physiological to spiritual capacities.
3b6) Lower instincts mostly lead to self-usurious desires for
   b6,1) Prestige, seeking eg excessive recognition, preferential treatment and glamour.
   b6,2) Power, seeking eg excessive means, control, dominance and penetration of all facets of life.
   b6,3) Possessions, seeking eg excessive security, control, accumulation, diversity and demonstration.
   b6,4) Pleasure at the expense of others, seeking eg gloat up to sadistic delight.


3c) Nervous system
3c1) Mental growth, predetermined by evolutionary forces over geological time spans, developing multi-
cellular organisms with differentiated-specialized functions, has formed out the central and extended en-
teral-peripheral nervous systems, a plastically, multi-dimensional organ, empowering all mental func-
tions. Its network of ≈1010 neurons of bio-electro-chemical information generators, transformers, transmit-
ters, pro-cessors, receivers and storage units represent through neurological firing patterns in sequential 
and paral-lel processing steps the models, terms, signs and speech of all physical, psychological, intelle-
tual and spiritual objects in consciousness on their entire way from sensual perception and/or recollection 
and/or imagination to conception to denomination to classification to psychic and mental activities.
3c2) Consciousness is neuronal bio-chemo--electro-magnetic sensory awareness of a short term fo-
cused item and a long term present background screen as a work area for psychic-mental processing.
3c3) The nervous system is tied to life and concentrates first on self-preservation to satisfy basic needs.
3c4) Its productivity varies over a life cycle with changing skills, health and environments.
3c5) The nature given mind has the most growth potential by uptake and processing of content.

3d) The senses
A sense is a physiological capacity of an organ to record with receptor cells a specific stimulus.
Body internal receptors record movement, balance, pressure, temperature and pain.
Body external stimulation through seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting or touching is the first, immediate, 
necessary, non-alternate source of cognition of objects for reflexive and mediated responses.
3d1) Stimulations are filtered for items of interest, others are left below a threshold of consciousness.
3d2) Attention span can be short to long term, low to highly selective and automatic by training.
3d3) The stimulation is neurologically encoded into a dynamic bio-electro-chemical action potential.
3d4) It is passed on by the visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory or somatosensory-kinesthetic cortices to 
the brain lobes for acute experienced sensual-mental perception.
3d5) It is transformed into a present, conscious, constructed, representative image in mental conception.
3d6) Interpreted into a conception are often eg simplicity, pattern, coherence and common features.
3d7) Codetermining impulses come from eg questions, motivation, experience, context and environment.
3d8) Instrumental detectors extend the range of observation from the meso- to the micro-macro-cosmos.
3d9) Performance measures are eg receptive field, sensitivity, resolution, reaction time and reliability.

3e) Memory
Memory stores information for reproduction on instant demand.
Information of any class in varying accuracy, distinctiveness, volumes and continuity is
3e1) Encoded and stored in an ultra-short sensory, short working and long time memory, being
   e1,1) Filtered according to source, relevance, context, environment and convenience.
   e1,2) Modulated by addition, change and cut out. Changes can be eg simplification and fabulation.
   e1,3) Held with eg explicit meaning, situation, episode, context, extraordinary event, autobiography, 
   predilections, moods, implicit procedures and prospective intent.
3e2) Decoded and recalled into awareness and consciousness, being
   e2,1) Used multitasking in psychic, mental and all further processing.
   e2,2) Retrieved back form the first conscious impression in childhood.
   e2,3) Aroused from sub-consciousness by association and trauma.
3e3) Lost by fading, forgetting, dislocation, repression, interference, amnesia and brain damage.
3e4) Evaluated by its accuracy, completeness, capacity, reaction time and conditioning.

3f) Psychic activities
Psychic activities move psychic images in an inner, self-aware, self-identifying 'drag&drop’ screen.
3f1) A psychic image is constructed from sensations from the entire neuronal network and perceived as 
an existing entity and placed in front of a psychic area of neurological free movement like a sketch on a 
back-ground screen between subconsciousness and consciousness.
3f2) A psychic activity arranges freely imagined and real objects, forces, dimensions, realities, points of 
perspective, needs and hopes to turn them over, combine, penetrate, separate, remove, bundle and 
point them inspectively and creatively.
3f3) It hands the arrangements over to emotional-motivational-physical-mental-spiritual activities.
3f4) It is vulnerable to external mistreatment and can also be trained into a readily accessible operational 
resource with suitable structures, processes and mechanism, often visible in behavior patterns.


3g) Emotions
Emotions as atmosphere of being constitute a distinct subconscious to conscious psychic activity.
3g1) They arise out of stimulations and are generated at will in kind, intensity, duration and expression.
3g2) They interact anticipating, accompanying and trailing with cognitive and all further in-external, own-
foreign activities, eg embellishing, tarnishing and evaluating them.
3g3) They are trained by impetus, modulation and repression.
3g4) Moods arise with individual-collective needs as basic emotions like stress-relaxation, desire-satis-
faction, joy-fear, elation-depression, happiness-sadness and friendliness-gruff.
3g5) Passions, sentiments and inclinations arise with individual-collective psychic, social, mental needs 
as love-hate, self-esteem-shame, interest-disinterest, affection-aversion and ambition-repulsion.
3g6) Compassions arise with individual-collective spiritual drives with awareness of good-evil and right-
wrong towards self-emancipation, -realization and responsibility for a common benefit.
3g7) They are vulnerable to uncritical under- and overestimation of a present situation.

3h) Motivations
Motivations are psychic forces of volition, evolving to the point of decision.
3h1) They draw on pre-existing, habitual and new endogenic dispositions like impulses from physiologi-
cal-psychic-mental-spiritual needs and on exogenic conditions like opportunities, encouragements, in-
centives, obstacles, sanctions, coercion to generate an innumerable variety of desirables.
3h2) They concentrate on a specific object of goal attainment from short to long term action.
3h3) They change objects, modulating, combining, separating, substituting and eclipsing.
3h4) They fluctuate in intensity and breadth, increasing, expanding, slackening and diminishing.
3h5) They organise themselves, structuring, processing, coordinating and reorganizing.
3h6) They interact with foreign motivations, co-operating, evading, challenging and counter-acting.
3h7) They are often satisfied for a short period only to rest, revive and re-invigorate themselves.
3h8) They are reflected on, further researched, modified, corrected and redirected, - without, they often 
become base, biased, criminal and over-extend to self-destruction.

3i) Anthropological characteristics
Anthropological types and behavior patterns evolved over geological time spans out of geno- and pheno-
types with innate traits and learned, repetitive, varied, reflective, intra- and interspecific behavior within 
natural and social environments as relatively constant human phenomena.
3i1) Types of homo-sapiens are eg homo-cognitus (-knowing), -cerebralis (-mental), -culturalis (-cultural), 
-legalis (-legal), -activans (-active), -faber (-productive), -sociologicus (-political), -cooperativus (-co-oper-
ative), -oeconomicus (-economical), -ludens (-laughing), -vitalis (-vital), -capax (-capable), -patiens (-ail-
ing) and -debilis (-debile).
3i2) Behavior patterns
   i2,1) Flight and protection from dangers.
   i2,2) Adaptation to social and natural environments.
   i2,3) Recognition of needs and opportunities.
   i2,4) Provisions for needs and desirables.
   i2,5) Organized, methodical and technical approach to problem solving.
   i2,6) Tactics and strategies of defence and attack.
   i2,7) Self-knowledge, -preservation, -realization and -display.
   i2,8) Questioning, search, exploration of uncharted areas and conquering of challenges.
   i2,9) Sharing of experiences, usages, traditions, knowledge and ideas.


				III  A  4  Construction

The mind
The mind is the conscious internal processing, decision making and external executive organ of sensual, 
physical, psychic, mental and spiritual activities. It has generated all man made phenomena.

 ◦ Physiological preconditions are autonomy of body and mind with an alert consciousness.
 ◦ Framework preconditions are guaranties of safety, freedoms of movement, thought, speech, assem-
   bly, profession, the press, the arts, religion and access to education.
 ◦ Preforms remain on the stage of infantilism, primitivism, naivety, cliché, impulse and blind imitation.
 ◦ Basic cultural prerequisites are language, mathematics, logic, method and data processing.
 ◦◦ Language see Communication 4m.
 ◦◦ Mathematics are the study of quantity, structures, processes, relations and their changes. By meas-
    urement, calculation and deductions from a set of appropriately chosen axioms and definitions, it ar-
    rives at quantitative descriptions and predictions of forces, properties and behavior of objects.
 ◦◦ Logic is accountability of identity. It lists for a given logical space with a defined set of items, properties 
    and relations the rules for rational, valid, consistent and complete reasoning of eg deductive and in-
    ductive, negative and affirmative, a priori and a posteriori conclusions.
 ◦◦ Methods are standardized steps to perform routine tasks of eg observation, investigation, description, 
    interpretation, evaluation and presentation of an object, - short of an in-depth treatment.
 ◦◦ Electronic data processing in worldwide multi media networks with microprocessors programmed in 
    digital code, assists mental activities in all qualitative-quantitative tasks of computing and application.

It forms out
 ◦ Inner subjective tools of processing: intention, conception, mental operations, question, search, expe-
   rience, cognition, comprehension, reflection and design of expression.
 ◦ Outer objective tools of expression: communication, action, institution and technical device.
The inner and outer tools are tailored to be in close touch with subjective and objective realities for trans-
parency, to facilitate comprehension, to supply the minimally required operations for subject and object 
true treatment according to their properties and to proceed to universal treatment of all objects with
 ◦◦ Concrete, well aimed starting points of question, search and the tools of cognition.
 ◦◦ Accurate cognition with denomination, classification, interpretation and evaluation.
 ◦◦ Inornate, intellectual language to string up the major factors from the mind to evaluation.
 ◦◦ Pragmatic goal attainment, to be determined, functional, productive and quality concerned.
 ◦◦ Exploration of new horizons.
 ◦◦ Aspirational convictions.

It increases with applications the radius of action with beneficial and destructive capabilities,
 ◦ Generating knowledge about facts with sound mental concepts like faith, reason and maturity.
 ◦ Generating knowledge about depraved power tools with pseudo mental products like ideology.


4a) Intention
Intention is the conscious cause setting force of expressions by communication and action.
It builds on the human constitution with its components to initiate, guide and terminate subconscious-
conscious inner psychic-emotional-mental and outer expressive activities.
Trains of intention run from internal physiological-motivational-emotional-psychic-mental-spiritual stimu-
lus to a conscious intent, conception, mental operation, question, search, experience, cognition, compre-
hension, reflection, design of expression, decision and from there externally to direction of tactical-stra-
tegical steps of realization by communication, action, institution and technical device.
Its most outstanding characteristic is its range of interest, unfolding into secondary and tertiary motives, 
attaching itself to any object over its dimensions, realities and consequences over any place-time span, 
re-invigorating itself persistently to explore new horizons with a variety of desirables.
It refuses to be penetrated by other chains of causality and strives to overcome hurdles and failures.
Preforms remain on the stages of eg reflex, bare need, blind impulse and compulsory action.
4a1) Construction rules
 ◦ As a standard conscious tool it is part of the originator’s conviction and allows its position and con-
   tent to be read by the real life method without camouflage.
 ◦ As a visualizing tool it aligns itself from a point of perspective via a relation towards an object.
 ◦ As a pragmatic tool it considers along all internal-external steps their possibilities and limitations.
 ◦ As a quality concerned tool it employs the principles of subject and object true treatment.
 ◦ As a planning tool it incorporates from the start the desired result, standards, cognitive intent, feasi-
   bility, adequacy, environmental conditions and long term continuation.
 ◦ As a social tool it blends individual and collective motivations to participate in larger, also genera-
   tions running efforts.
4a2) Cognitive intent
Driving motor of all steps of cognition is its intent.
 ◦ Main intent is to shed light on an object and to look further for a more accurate description.
 ◦ Scaled up intent is ethical awareness in telos of mind with correction of inhibiting factors.
 ◦ Pragmatic research goal is realization of a specific envisioned project.
 ◦ Intellectual research goals are expansion of man’s horizons and radius of action.
 ◦ Epistemic research goals are expansion of knowledge and avoidance of errors.
 ◦ Scaled up epistemic research goal is universal treatment of all objects.
   It allows with management of knowledge and public contributions treatment of objects of any class 
   in all applications, contexts, environments on all levels of abstraction and complexity.
 ◦ Political-social research goal is to embed enlightenment into public participation.
 ◦ Spiritual intent is increase in overall comprehension of human endeavors with values, priorities, re-
   sponsibilities, tasks, means and results to gain responsible treatment of all factors of matter and life.
4a3) Every point of its train is subject to reflection, evaluation and re-direction.
4a4) Stored in memory are observed, studied, experienced models of goal attainment for reference.
4a5) Vulnerability exists especially to narrow, lacking, habitually trodden cycles.
4a6) Excess is eg overestimation, overshooting one’s capabilities.
4a7) Inhibiting factor is eg megalomania, transgressing natural, human, social and ethical standards.


4b) Conception
Conception constructs an image of an object as a mental representation in consciousness.
Consciousness is neuronal bio-chemo--electro-magnetic sensory awareness of a short term focused 
item for recognition, a medium term attention span as a workbench for mental processing and a long 
term present background screen, holding collected knowledge. They present a continuity of perception.
Every conception entails subconscious-conscious physiological-psychic-emotional-mental activities.
It is drawn out of the senses by cognition, of psychic activities by awareness, of memory by recollection, 
of creativity by imagination and of reflection by turning it over.
Conceptions and intentions can be paired and advanced in close interaction. They coordinate in all stag-
es from internal, subjective processing to external, objective expressions.
Its most outstanding characteristic is its range of interest, constructing any object conceivable from re-
duction to a void, exploration of unchartered areas to spinning off new creations with a life of their own.
Preforms remain on the stages of a shadowy silhouette, patch, hunch and suspicion.
4b1) Construction rules
 ◦ As a standard conscious tool it is part of the originator’s conviction and allows its position and con-
   tent to be read by the real life method without camouflage.
 ◦ The identified, specified, singular-composite content stands at the center of mental operations.
 ◦◦ It is visualized as eg an image, map, pattern or symbol.
 ◦◦ It is adjusted in focus with eg perspective, distance, angle, relation, surrounding medium and place-
    time frame to be visualized with the desired distinction, accuracy and objectivity.
 ◦◦ Autocorrections of the eye add eg dimension, form, concision and correct for optical illusions.
 ◦◦ It is designed with structural, stylistic and embellishing elements like eg headline – paragraph; close 
    up – panorama, fore-background, center – periphery, reality – phantasy; and illustration – music.
 ◦◦ It attaches to the image a term with a phonetic signal and a written sign.
 ◦◦ It endows the image with meaning, forces, characteristics and relations.
 ◦◦ It endows the image eg signature, transparency, flexibility, mobility and mutability.
 ◦◦ It is presented as eg an artefact – performance, drawing – text or picture – video.
 ◦◦ It employs the principles of subject and object true treatment.
4b2) Cognitive conception
 ◦ Main goal is to mold an object of choice according to present intent.
 ◦ Scaled up intent is ethical awareness in telos of mind with correction of inhibiting factors.
 ◦ It gains a list of the object’s properties in their dimensions from perception to consequences.
 ◦ It participates in the collection of a canon of knowledge and expands human, historic, mental and spir-
   itual horizons by research and development in systematic, tiny, repetitive steps.
 ◦ It provides classification, categorization and sub-categorization.
 ◦ It documentation serves for publication, discussion, management of knowledge and application.
 ◦ Its limits of visualization delineate in range common knowledge, available knowledge, futuristic ex-
   trapolation, speculation and the non-chartable area of phantasy.
 ◦ Its limits of realization delineate the radius of action and responsibility in cosmic space-time.
 ◦ It does not extrapolate beyond its perspective, range or relation, but stays within its limited point of 
   view and builds on the basic guidelines of the conditio humana: good-over-evil and right-over-wrong 
   as a common ethical bridge across generations to fuse real and spiritual hopes.
4b3) Every point of an image is subject to reflection, evaluation and re-construction.
4b4) A single image stands in a single contextual frame, - not in a house of a thousand mirrors.
4b5) Vulnerability exists especially to narrow, habitual segmentation of focus against overall reality.
4b6) Excesses are eg world views, overestimating present knowledge against cosmic dimensions and 
ossifications, protecting themselves against revision and expansion.
4b7) Inhibiting factor is eg lack of transparency to block truth tracking.


4c) Mental operations
Mental operations process an object in conception, guided by intentions, towards its consequent result.
They draw on sensations from the entire neuronal network in complete interlinkage in free combination 
and process any kind of object of any class, also illusionary ones.
The basic mechanism is: association of objects – operation – record – dissociation of objects.
Involved are several physiologic-psychic-mental standard operations as one vector package
 ◦ Visualization of objects and results in consciousness out of eg the senses, memory and phantasy.
 ◦ Comparison, selection, identification and description of objects.
 ◦ Application of operational intent, standards and criteria.
 ◦ Awareness of contextual frames like eg definitions, assumptions, conditions and environment.
The environment comprises mostly the natural, human-social and spiritual dimensions with eg their 
standards, a set of items, lines of forces, properties, relations, operational rules and ranges of validity.
4c1) Mental operations are unrestricted combinations. Pragmatically
 ◦ They align or separate items consistently like eg place + time, quality + quantity, cause + effect, pur-
   pose + result, part + whole, possibility + impossibility, relevant + irrelevant.
 ◦ They proceed mostly in sequence and parallel along tree and cycle charts.
 ◦ They can be combined to handle composite, complex tasks, embedded in larger contextual frames.
4c2) They can be classified by eg field of application.
 ◦ Common operations are eg addition, subtraction, substitution, deletion, grouping, rearrangement, al-
   teration, transformation, combination, simplification and generalisation within daily usage.
 ◦ Common scientific operations are eg analysis, synthesis, approximation, estimation, impact assess-
   ment, interpretation, exegesis, evaluation and conclusion within a system of the sciences.
 ◦ Linguistic operations are eg construction and expression of semantic content, linguistic term and se-
   miotic symbol within a competent language.
 ◦ Logical operations are eg application of logical expressions within a logical space.
 ◦ Mathematical operations are eg algebraic calculations within a numerical system.
 ◦ Geometric operations are eg geometric constructions within an axiomatic system.
 ◦ Tactical-strategical operations are eg employment of lines of action to realize a desired goal.
 ◦ Ethical operations are eg consideration of commandments and prohibitions within a code of ethics.
4c3) Conclusions range from a sad truth to a hoped for result and serve as fresh starting points.

4d) Question
A question points at an object in focus. Basics are
4d1) What is the cognitive intent? What are the tools of cognition?
4d2) Who is man? What is nature? Who is God? 
4d3) What is life? What is death? Which is the best way to proceed?
4d4) It gives with follow up questions a direction to a pursuing search.
A pointed question projects a ‘laser beam’ from an interrogation mark to an application.
4d5) As the deciding starting point, philosophy can be called the art to ask questions.

4e) Search
A search continues in the train of a question as an exploratory excursion.
4e1) It aligns psychic, mental and expressive activities, repeatedly crossing back and forth between sub-
jective and objective domains.
4e2) Its construction rules are like that of R&D, proceeding in tiny, repetitive steps.
4e3) It studies the subject matter from existing, available knowledge.
Its primary stepping stones are sound mental concepts of knowledge.
4e4) It takes a closer look across the panorama, the micro- and macroscales.
4e5) It considers an appropriate direction, place, time, field, method and means.
4e6) Searched is cautiously and intrudingly by the ethical standards of acquisition.
4e7) It sets the starting point of the tools of cognition for scientific, contemplative, aesthetic research.
4e8) The initial steps of question, search, focus and observation are the first bottlenecks and have to be 
studied in all human activities. All subsequent steps of mental-technical processing rely on them.
4e9) Corruption is mostly by error, faulty concepts of knowledge and intent.
   e9,1) Habitual deficiencies lead to permanent loss of eg accuracy, functionality, range, structures and 
   processes with a black out of proper perception, comprehension, evaluation and action.
   e9,2) Corruption multiplies from publication to application into gross inhibiting factors.


4f) Cognition (Essay 0 Cognition)
Cognition opens up doors. It is transformation of forms of being into forms of consciousness.
Its components are therefore the subject, the object and a relation between them.
Its first standard is the standard of truth, applying universally to all objects throughout fact finding.
4f1) Approach
Approach to all objects is by cognition, by the senses, mental activities, tools of cognition, which can be 
trained by practice, schooled by instructions, sharpened by research and assisted by technical devices.
   f1,1) ‘Cognosce te ipsum’ points at the observer’s position, mainly his intentions and conceptions.
   f1,2) Investigated are the subject – object relations, which allow the object to become visible.
   f1,3) Investigated is the object with its properties in its environment and interrelations.
   f1,4) Cognitive factors are to be approached by cognition themselves.
4f2) Starting points
   f2,1) Starting points are questions and searches. Basics are
   What is the cognitive intent? What are the tools of cognition?
   Who is man? What is nature? Who is God?
   What is life? What is death? Which is the best way to proceed?
   f2,2) The questioned item is placed at the center of scientific, contemplative and aesthetic research.
4f3) Scope
The tools of cognition are to be exhausted in their dimensions, realities, forces, properties, classes, cate-
gories and consequences to cover comprehensively all relevant aspects.
   f3,1) Realities
   Objects entail at least one factor of the realities of appearance, especially
   Every object entails at least a psychic, emotional and mental factor with its construction rules.
   Every object entails at least a generative and applicative factor with its acting force.
   Every object entails at least a subjective, relational and objective factor with its properties.
   Every object entails at least a natural, human and ethical dimension with its standards.
   f3,2) Overall scope
   Present day knowledge is totally insufficient for extended interpretation, construal and speculation.
   Man sets out to explore an ocean and beyond where he can discern so far not more than a few drops.
   He cannot discern the individual drops nor its neighbouring ones nor the extend or outline of the ocean,
   - history of cognition is often a history of droplets of civilizational efforts.
   The theoretical status of knowledge is open ended. There is no definite, cognition exhausted object.
   The pragmatic status can be object surpassing, adequate, lacking or inhibited.
   f3,3) Review
   Collected knowledge is subject to reinvestigation, addition, correction and deletion.
4f4) Subjective factors
Driving motor of all steps of cognition is its intent.
   f4,1) Main intent is to shed light on an object and to look further for a more accurate description. 
   It includes the tools of visualization from perception to conception to mental horizon to vision.
   f4,2) Scaled up intent is ethical awareness in telos of mind with correction of inhibiting factors.
   f4,3) Subjective factors are man’s constitution, construction, expansion and essentials.
   f4,4) Inhibiting factors are by error and intent.
4f5) Relational factors
A relation allows access of a physiological sensor to an object in focus.
4f6) Objective factors
   f6,1) Main intent is to achieve a description of the item at hand with its properties and forces.
   f6,2) Scaled up epistemic research goal is universal treatment of all objects.
   f6,3) Objective factors are focus, observation, denotation, description, the scientific method, the real 
   life method, hermeneutics, exegesis, evaluation, propositional support, publication, public discussion, 
   development, problem solving and conflict solving.


4g) Experience
Experience registers subjectively within view personal and surrounding activities of life.
4g1) It is acquired in the modes of eg sensual-instrumental, active-passive, pre-reviewing, snapshot-
continuously, short-long term, accidental-preplanned and autodidactic-institutional.
4g2) It is intensified by eg own questions, searches, deliberations, discussions, training, hands on expe-
rience, failures, restarts and successes to be reflected on, squashed, modified or ascertained.
4g3) It is collected in memory as sensual-empirical data with eg semiotic-semantic values, causes, me-
chanisms, effects, environments, singularities, generalities, warnings and expectations.
4g4) It is expanded by documental and fictional narrations of other people.
4g5) It is collated with knowledge and visions about human-social-natural-spiritual objects and issues.
4g6) It promotes cognition by eg proven remedy, analogy, intuition and educated guess.

4h) Knowledge
Knowledge flows into all human goal oriented activities to direct them according to the given properties of 
the objects at hand towards the desired result.
It encompasses all activities and objects, all dimensions and aspects of knowledge and its spiritual-men-
tal-human-natural products are collected as a representative record for reference in the future.
4h1) Standards
Knowledge has to comply with universal reality – image and human-social framework standards.
It is public because of the universals of human dignity, truth and co-determination.
4h2) Classification
Classification is according to the common properties of objects: spiritual, natural, social and human.
4h3) Fields of knowledge
Fields of knowledge are eg
 ◦ Personal experience of immediate surroundings.
 ◦ Habitual activities of eg daily work.
 ◦ Highlighted themes of informal character.
 ◦ Investigations in a formal scientific discipline.
4h4) Mechanisms
Mechanisms trace forces in their pathway from cause to effect within environmental conditions.
4h5) Generation
Knowledge is generated by meticulous employment of the subjective, relational and objective tools of 
cognition in contemplative, aesthetic, scientific research and development.
They strive to cover all phenomena of nature and achieve universal treatment of all objects.
4h6) Frameworks
Supportive is a positive environment with an infrastructure of information, regulation and application.
4h7) Publication
Publication makes documented and confirmed research results available to the general public.
4h8) Discussions
Public discussions comprise all phenomena, demanding general recognition.
Main intent is to embed all factors of cognition into political-social decision making.
4h9) Education
Knowledge is passed on to succeeding generations by schooling and training.
4h10) Impacts
Impact history recounts effects on eg discourses, the arts, sciences and political-social affairs.
4h11) Management
Management of knowledge provides an ordered, pragmatic canon of knowledge.
It serves as distributive cognition with available, accessible, ordered, surveyable presentations in global 
task sharing networks of people and computer for copying, distribution and use.
4h12) Applications
Applications evolve out of goal definition and philosophy of research.
Goals range from private endeavours to social services to charity.
First applications are problem – conflict solving in all professional fields of life.
4h13) Inhibiting factors
Inhibiting are eg misuses, pseudo-sciences and mis/pseudo-developments, mostly entailing coercion.


4i) Comprehension
Comprehension is representative reconstruction of an object in consciousness.
It is a lengthy multistep process from mental awareness to merited application to a valid evaluation with
 ◦ Perception, visualization, identification, description and data collection.
   Data collection sets up an objective, ordered, interlinked and balanced canon of knowledge.
   The data base with knowledge, know-how and trained skills cannot be extended by construals.
 ◦ Classification, categorization and conceptualization.
   Approximations guide from near to distant, general to specific and simple to complex.
 ◦ Approach is by acceptance in sound theology, explanation in reason and understanding in maturity.
   Recognition of an object’s forces and properties delineates subject and object true treatment.
   Non-recognition is fended off along the class boundaries of compatibility.
 ◦ Application, interpretation, exegesis and evaluation.
4i1) Classification and categorization
Classification serves as a template for groups of items with major common characteristics and relations 
to allow convenient one like all treatment, standardization and economization. All objects are
   i1,1) Typified according to their primary semantic content.
   i1,2) Listed in intention (content), extension (cases) and relations under the next higher genus.
   i1,3) Included by art differences in an open, heterogenous taxonomic systems of all objects.
The classes and categories are
 ◦ Spiritual objects
   Spiritual statements of revelation are expanded on by exegeses of His will.
   Spiritual objects are grasped in sound theology in the divine dimensions of life, love, truth, justice.
   Their priorities, rejecting vice, are
   ◦◦ Non-violence
   ◦◦ Address of major issues
 ◦ Natural objects
   Natural phenomena are described by the scientific method.
   Natural objects are explained in reason in the physical dimensions of space-time.
   Their categories, rejecting contradiction, are
   ◦◦ Quantity by unity, multitude and all.
   ◦◦ Quality by reality, negation and limitation.
   ◦◦ Relation by inherence - subsistence, cause – effect and interrelation between objects.
   ◦◦ Modality by possibility - impossibility, existence - non-existence and necessity - chance.
 ◦ Human-social objects
   Human affairs are described by the real life method.
   Human-social objects are understood in maturity in the dimensions of human activities.
   Their categories, rejecting omission, are
   ◦◦ Content with natural, human and spiritual forces, properties, ranges and causal chains of action.
   ◦◦ Reality, eg spiritual, natural, human, mental, psychical, emotional, pragmatic or fantastic.
   ◦◦ Functions, states, structures, processes, paths, mechanisms, events and effects.
   ◦◦ Presentation, eg, theme discussion, medium and event staging.
   ◦◦ Environments, eg situation, praxis, context, framework and political-social state of affairs.
   ◦◦ Cosmic environment, eg rooms of movement, capabilities and boundaries.
   ◦◦ Inhibiting factors, eg non-knowledge, uncertainties, risks, dangers, errors and intentional harm.
4i2) Conceptualization
Scientific concepts are as tools of cognition objective, ordered, interlinked, balanced data platforms of 
objects’ forces, characteristics and relations, a canon of knowledge, with its cognitive aspects, eg
 ◦ Data generation, arrangement, management, assessment, standards and responsibilities.
 ◦ Review of the present canon of knowledge with present and planned R&D efforts for eg
   ◦◦ Deficiencies in the present structure with desirable future R&D efforts.
   ◦◦ Uncertainties, risks and dangers of present R&D efforts with desirable investigations.
   ◦◦ Political-scientific-economic-social misdevelopments, misapplications and weapon developments.


4i3) Subject and object true treatment
Subject-object true treatment apply in their approach to objects sound theology, reason and maturity.
Subject-relation-object are arranged in line to be compatible, practical, economical and productive.
They cross subject-object relations over the range of non-expression to expression.
   i3,1) Subject true treatment centers its attention on the criteria of the subjective processing factors in 
   their biotic medium of self-understanding to arrive at a design of expression with a valid description, 
   interpretation and evaluation and with removal of gaps, dead loads, friction and inhibiting factors.
   i3,2) Object true treatment centers its attention on the criteria of the objective realization factors in 
   their biotic medium of world-understanding and real medium of physical forces and objects to arrive at a 
   result with feasibility and merit and with surmounting of runarounds, pitfalls and inhibiting factors.
4i4) Class boundaries of compatibility
Class boundaries are existential conditions of human actions and life.
They serve as demarcation line in the approach to objects: sound theology towards God, reason towards 
nature, maturity towards man himself and ethics towards society and cannot be transgressed without 
faulty results, failures, conflicts and possibly severe fallback effects on human existentials.

								Human actions
		ↆ					ↆ					ↆ					ↆ


		ↆ					ↆ					ↆ					ↆ
								Existentials or life

The class boundaries will reduce in larger dimensions to responsible treatment of the innumerable factors 
of objects towards God, life and matter.
4i5) Application
Application comprises object provision, function, environments and impacts.
   h5,1) Research and development for improved and new applications proceeds in tiny steps from ques-
   tioning to realization via eg literature-field search, goal definition, research, forecast, project design, 
   feasibility study, decision, pooling of human-material-financial resources, test runs, provision of goods 
   and services, marketing and feedback evaluation.
   h5,2) Its scientific-technical-institutional-aesthetic functions control eg design, quality and handling.
   h5,3) It is added by supportive institutions and favourable co-determining political-social-cultural-na-
   tural environmental states, changes and boundaries.
   h5,4) It mass affects as trend setting social force developmental interactions, the political-social-cul-
   tural heritage and natural living environments.
4i6) Inhibiting factors
Pseudo mental products out of irrationalities, misuses of knowledge like special interests of cognition and
harmful intent, often claiming ‘knowledge is power’, are eg egocentric happiness, aggrandizement, myth,
idol, superstition, illusion, rigid dogma, ideology, social profiling/programming and secret policy goal.


4j) Reflection
Reflection distrusts physiological-psychic-mental-spiritual activities, their results and consequences to 
recheck a point in question. The tools of cognition are reapplied, while
4j1) Taking a perspective from a step further back for an unprejudiced view.
4j2) Retrieving the steps of approach, mental processing and implementation.
4j3) Challenging the factors with their states, processes, assumptions and conditions.
4j4) Recalculating the factors of the error analysis.
4j5) Searching for disregarded and additional factors.
4j6) Abstaining from dead end, self-crucifying contemplation.
Desired result is a more objective, accurate, complete, reliable, balanced and creative description.
4k) Design of expression
A design of expression aligns a line of mental processing with a line of mental-physical implementation.
4k1) The line of mental processing runs from an intention to a mental draft of the envisioned object.
Individual steps can be bundled as one intention-conception-operation units in sequence.
4k2) The line of mental-physical implementation runs from a presumed decision to a mental draft of the 
required actions and resources for the envisioned object.
Individual steps can be bundled as one force-action-resource units in sequence.
4k3) Applied are the construction rules with their pragmatic, productive and quality aspects.
4k4) As blueprint, all steps are often redrawn and reworked to improve points in question.
Desired result is a functional natural-human-spiritual product with sought for properties.


4l) Expression
Expression by communication and action is a basic, universal human activity.
An originator's decision out of need, drive, motivation, intention for an expression is the basic human 
force to realize along a relation a desired result. It has established by construction, restraint and destruc-
tion all man made phenomena and is able to advance, sustain and destroy man, society and nature.
Expressions are highly complex in their construction, combinations, chains, ramifications, long term con-
sequences and cannot be calculated in advance in their possible effects or strictly classified. They will 
always remain the raw mass of daily usages with repetitions, play, variations, drifts and broad trends, 
where its factors are co-determined by various unique circumstances.
An expression is first described in its major lines of acting forces.
4l1) Generation
   l1,1) Preconditions are autonomy of body and mind.
   l1,2) Training is from childhood on, followed by schooling and study in a professional field.
   l1,3) A design of expression is generated out of intention, conception and mental operations.
   It comprises as 'vector package' all steps from inspiration to result.
   l1,4) Point of inspiration can lay in imaginative and real past, present and future.
   l1,5) Force and desired object can be spiritual, natural and human, relative to the originator class 
   internal - self-referential or class external - foreign referential.
   l1,6) Desires explore possibilities, maximise results, minimize efforts and remove obstacles.
   l1,7) Responsibilities achieve a qualitative jump by applying a standard of merit.
4l2) Progression
   l2,1) Preforms remain on a stage of eg attempt, patch, fragment and blank imitation.
   l2,2) Implementation proceeds along preparations, starts, trials, errors, complications, obstacles, set-
   backs, restarts, hurdles taken, changes, ramifications, chances and results with receptions and reactions.
   Mixed are communication and action with silence, non-action, body language, accompaniment 
   signals, symbols, icons, gestures, laughter, crying, proxemics and environments.
   Modi are eg place, time, direction, path, speed, degree, gradient, intensity, vitality and dynamics by 
   eg growing motivations via addition, multiplication, synergism, spill over and spin off.
   l2,3) Base pattern comprises originator, desired object, communication, action, administrative or-
   ganization, technical device, relation, medium, recipient, situation, environment and boundaries.
   l2,4) Base process comprises initiation, progression, reception, reaction and termination.
   l2,5) Extension over space can cover a point, region, the globe and the cosmos.
   l2,6) Continuation over time can cover a point, generation, millennium and geological span.
   l2,7) Augmentation of means is achieved by administrative organizations and technical devices.
   l2,8) Penetration of complex systems is measured by the scope of impact.
   l2,9) Changes and deviations occur due to a multitude of varying needs, drives, motivations, inten-
   tions, conceptions, communications and actions. They range from cosmetics to a qualitative jump.
   l210) Interruptions by break of an element in a causal chain occur due to eg absence, mal-func-
   tion, -quality, -supply, -service, -proportion, -linkage, -control, -adaption, -acceptance and accident.
   l2,11) Interactions range from union to cooperation, coexistence, evasion, competition to conflict.
   l2,12) Complexity increases exponentially, as the number of possible interactions I in a constella-
   tion of n persons P with transmitted properties x at a point in time is: I = (3 ( Pn - 2))x with (n > 2).
4l3) Results
   l3,1) Expressions run to first, intermediate, side, lasting effects and far down consequences.
   Mechanisms are human action-reception-response interactions and natural laws of nature.
   l3,2) They form out social-media-admin-technological structures and association complexes.
   l3,3) Unfolding realities are eg physical, physiological, psychic, mental, spiritual and historical, claim-
   ing eg existence, necessity, potentiality and possibility to be verified as valid or illusionary.
   l3,4) Lasting results can be classified as spiritual-mental products like a value, mental products like a 
   law of nature, mental-human products like a law court and mental-human-natural products like a dam 
   against the tides.
   l3,5) Limits to physical expression are set by known and existing energy, matter, space and time.
   l3,6) Limits to mental expression are set by capabilities of imagination, formulation and reception.
   l3,7) Evaluation of causal lines of forces as traceable indicators of intentions and conceptions is 
   by man's overall responsibilities towards himself, society, nature and God.


4m) Communication
Communication serves the transmission of information. Language, text and picture stand at center of hu-
man praxis as means of conception, socialization, discussion of issues and spread of knowledge.
A message about an object connects a signal with content, its potential-actual sense with conviction, 
understanding, explanation, interpretation and evaluation in context of situation and environments.
Phonetic signals are universal, resourceful, flexible, practical, obstacle safe means to reach through air 
the acoustic sense, undergoing in flow from originator to recipient several transformations in appearance.
4m1) Communicator
   m1,1) Communicator can be eg speaker, singer, author, publisher, editor, agent and moderator.
   m1,2) Number of speakers range from sole person in monologue to a heterogeneous chorus.
   m1,3) Collective communication ranges from community press release to mutual shouting down.
   m1,4) Intention ranges from investigation to description to manipulation to psychic violence.
   m1,5) Prime intent is to carry information about object O from A by an accurate phonetic term P to B 
   in a fragile neurological-physiological-physical chain of 1:1:1:1:1:1:1 representations from O to A's 
   Perception and Conception to P's Expression and Transmission to B's Perception and Conception.
4m2) Language representation
   m2,1) Objects of any class can be represented by language, an audible, articulate, meaningful, con- 
   ventionalized system of sounds with vocabulary, phraseology, pronunciation and grammar.
   m2,2) Terms are by semantic being eg constative, representative, regulative or expressive, by se-
   mantic function eg explicative, expressive, instrumental, moralistic or evaluative.
   m2,3) Text is out of phonemes, morphemes, lexemes, syntax, pragmatics, semantics, linguistics.
   m2,4) Paralinguistics are eg sound, volume, intonation, pitch, range, rate and body language.
   m2,5) Stylistic frames are eg political, professional, social and local.
   m2,6) Stylistic levels are eg secret code, slang, casual, professional, formal and artistic.
   m2,7) Stylistic colours are eg humorous, confidential, dry, antique, insulting and degrading.
   m2,8) Vitality can be eg natural or artificial, traditional or avant-garde, free or censured.
   m2,9) Common forms of speech are eg small talk, info, sales pitch, argumentation and instruction.
   m2,10) Artistic forms are eg short story, novel, epos, poetry, drama, song, chant and opera.
   m2,11) Forces of creation, usage, change and extinction over generations arise mostly out of adaptive 
   needs to new trends and rhetoric of social forces, being described by history of language.
   Mass applications are in eg daily usage, education, advertisement, global commerce and media rheto-
   ric-propaganda with effects on eg standards, usage, educational level and predominant world view.
   m2,12) 1500 families and more than 3000 languages and dialects exist today worldwide. They are 	
   classified as analytical, agglutinating, inflecting and incorporating term building languages.
4m3) Text representation
   m3,1) Any articulate sound can be represented by a semiotic sign like a letter or symbol in written text.
   m3,2) The Latin alphabet contains 26 letters with indefinite combinations to handle any complexity.
   m3,3) Syllables can be represented by eg phonograms, logograms, pictograms and ideograms.
4m4) Artefact representation
   m4,1) Objects of any class can be represented by drawing, picture and sculpture.
   m4,2) Common and artistic forms are eg sketch, painting, collage, video, film and architecture.
4m5) Physical representation by technical devices
   m5,1) Collection of data is by eg scales, sensors, microscope, microphone and scanner.
   m5,2) Storage of data is by eg stone, metal, paper, polymer, electro-magnetic film and electronic de-
   vice on data sheets, in libraries, data banks and information systems.
   m5,3) Duplication is by eg manual copy, technical copy and performance.
   m5,4) Processing and evaluation are by eg editor, calculator and electronic computer software.
   m5,5) Search and retrieval are by eg indexes, catalogues and search engines.
   m5,6) Transmission is by eg ground-water-air mail, hauling, projection, phone, radio, tv and internet.
   Data flows from eg source to encoder, emitter, channel, receiver, decoder to recipient.
   m5,7) Mediums of accurate, suitable and efficient transmission are eg air, vacuum, cable and fiber.
4m6) Legally it relies on realizable guaranties of free flow of information, freedoms of movement, speech, 
assembly, religion, the sciences, the press, the arts and profession without censorship.
4m7) Inhibiting factors are eg technical defect, language barrier, inaccuracy, shift of context, shift of reality, 
misuse, deception, violence, image fascism with destruction of language as tool of fact finding.
4m8) Evaluation is by merit, exactness, representativeness, consistency, sincerity, necessity, coordina-
tion with action, independence and artistic multi-media concept.


4n) Action
An action realizes an object by human hand. It constitutes a basic social fact.
It is the causal psychic-physical-chemical force to take an effect on a human being or a material object.
A human force is described by its factors of expression and its ensuing reception and reaction.
A physical-chemical force is described by its energy, tool, application and ensuing change of state.
All forms of life interact by information exchange and action, their causal chains propagating along a re-
lation and mechanism within their immediate situation and environments, often undergoing several trans-
formations in appearance. Activities comprise persons, types, tools and processes.
4n1) Acting person
   n1,1) Acting person by role can be eg private individual, blue or white collar worker, salesperson, ser-
   vice person, supervisor, investigator, inspector, regulator, comptroller, negotiator, representative, pleni-
   potentiary, arbitrator, freelancer, player, coach, inventor, reporter, commentator, adviser, teacher, 
   consultant, contractor, specialist, manager, executive, executioner and owner.
   n1,2) Number of acting persons ranges from sole individual to community of nations.
   n1,3) Collective action ranges from situational confusion to political-social crusade.
   n1,4) Prime intent is to mold an object according to intention and conception of the originator.
   n1,5) Intention ranges from suppression of action to help, construction, maintenance, service, embel-
   lishment, regeneration, regulation, supervision, restriction, manipulation, destruction to crime.
4n2) Types
   n2,1) Typical behavior can be eg role, usage, praxis, tradition, etiquette and lifestyle.
   n2,2) Non-typical, stigmatized behavior, can be eg drop-out, draft resistance and whistle blowing.
   n2,3) Uncontrolled mass behavior can be eg mass discrimination, craze, run, riot, flight and panic.
   n2,4) Common characteristics are eg real or virtual, certain or probable, factual or symbolic, one per-
   son or population wide, irregular or systematic, particular or universal, short or long term, fast or slow, 
   flexible or rigid, simple or complex, unchallenged or contested, unregulated or regulated, open or hid-
   den, observed or unobserved, visible to the eye or not and non- or for-profit.
4n3) Tools
   n3,1) Sensual actions comprise perception by the five senses.
   n3,2) Bio-mechanical actions comprise all physical activities from movement to manual labor.
   n3,3) Mental actions generate a design of expression for translation into language and action.
   n3,4) Institutional actions comprise all schreibtisch tasks from documentation to projection.
   n3,5) Technical action comprises all employments of a device for a specific application.
4n4) Processes
Processes run along eg planning, decision, initiation, goal orientation, structure control, process control, 
event control, resource control, framework control and termination.
General trends are eg extension, continuation, consolidation, alteration and decline.
   n4,1) Planning proceeds by eg information gathering, modelling, simulation and calculation.
   n4,2) Decision grows out of eg perspective, goal definition, determination and circumstances.
   n4,3) Initiation can be eg a first move, final ripening and removal of a barrier.
   n4,4) Goal orientation pursues eg strategic-tactical lines, control of factors and feedback evaluation.
   Strategies lay out objective, frame of action and factors of implementation.
   Tactics pinpoint situational, operational actions, counteractions, tools, modi and circumstances.
   n4,5) Structure control can be by eg hierarchical layering, networking and division of labor.
   n4,6) Process control can be by eg scheduling, synchronization and feedback evaluation.
   n4,7) Event control can be by eg staging, maneuver, ploy and plot.
   n4,8) Resource control generates eg human soft and professional skills out of the labor market and 
   materials out of fauna, flora, gases, liquids, solids in the natural environment.
   n4,9) Frame work control, turning oppressive environments into advantageous ones, can be by eg 
   party program, public relation campaign, action committee, lobbying, bribery and compellence.
   n4,10) Termination can be by eg diffusion, attrition, cessation, abandonment and interference.
4n5) Legally it relies on realizable guaranties of security of physical inviolability, property, non-discrimi-
nation and freedoms of movement, information, profession, access to resources and markets.
4n6) Inhibiting factors can be eg lack of intent, knowledge, resources, adequate frameworks and envi-
ronments like restrictive regulations, irrationalities, profiteering, corruption, deception and violence.
4n7) Evaluation is objectively by merit, accountability, necessity, adequacy, performance, cost and sub-
jectively as success with a gain or as failure with a loss.


4o) Institution
An institution is a N persons configuration, grouping under one head people, information, financial and 
natural resources as collective driving force with spiritual, mental, psychological and physical functions.
Most motivations seek in expressions support of organized, operational, institutional means.
They augment mental-physical capabilities of human endeavors on the meso- and macro-scales.
4o1) Actors
Actors comprise the policy setting elite, institutional heads, professional community, affected people, 
public press and the general public.
Motivations range from charity, special interest, authoritarian submission, dissent to crime.
Main motivation is assumed to be rational choice within the law, traditions and general conventions.
4o2) Growth
Growth forces are those of an originator, political-social forces and inner dynamics of self-motivation, 
-formation and -organization, starting from a historically given to hypothetical point and proceeding via 
formalization, mobilization and expansion into various directions.
They move as complex in- and externally interacting systems fore- and backsighting step by step.
 ◦ They develop lines of actions and historical continuity to be predictable in their future actions.
 ◦ They set up mechanisms to perpetuate themselves over generations.
 ◦ They can adapt to new policies, competitive forces and social trends.
 ◦ They can reform to correct failures and improve operations.
 ◦ They change as macro-structures en bloc only by collapse, takeover or revolution.
4o3) Activities
Institutions with their policies, structures and processes, praxis, cohesion and dynamics are the primary 
social reality shaping forces with stringent causal chains to establish a political-legal framework, to coin 
the political-social character and to suggest etiquettes of formal and informal behavior.
Their actions give a first indication of the power distribution within and towards competing social entities.
They are active on 3 levels
   o3,1) They set an example: where there is need or inequality, action and correction will be taken.
   The exemplary standard legitimizes the established legal framework.
   o3,2) They coin common symbolic systems like insignia, status, money, culture and iconic sites.
   o3,3) They are assigned a task, mainly to realize, protect and advance a value, defining the object of 
   attention, value, legal protection, benefits, competences, means and desired results.
They are active locally to globally and short to long term and in all professional fields from religion, poli-
tics, the military, the sciences, technologies, finance, commerce, culture to society.
4o4) Functions
   o4,1) Main intent is to provide an accessible, efficient, transparent, accountable service to the public.
   o4,2) Main conception is a contribution to life while refraining from political-social excesses.
   o4,3) They assist social and administrative tasks to manage human factors of goal attainment.
   o4,4) They establish with regulation, administration and supervision the political-legal framework.
   o4,5) They put into place the required administrative and technological infrastructure.
   o4,6) They codetermine with concentration, specialization, differentiation, integration, coordination, re-
   organization and regeneration the corporate professional praxis.
   o4,7) They advance with cooperating institutions long term collective efforts like education and R&D.
   o4,8) They establish by directive competence a multitude of embedded, autopoiesic systems with re-
   gulative impact on heterogenous public-private, open-hidden and soft-forcing circles of relations.
   o4,9) The institutional fabric of a social entity determines its character, in form ranging from loose as-
   sociation, laissez faire, constitutionality, system theory, social programming to fascism.
4o5) Appearance
   o5,1) Appearance is formed by eg identity, self-awareness, function, means, constitution, stratification, 
   radius of activities and public image. The constitution identifies the organizational form, representa-
   tives, objectives, functions, structures, processes and power of authority.
   o5,2) They are visible as formal public units of action as eg forum, market, association, company, insti-
   tute, trust, network, party, administrative department, state, nation, commonwealth and block.
   o5,3) They are tangible as agentic powers of public norms, regulations, routines and taboos.
   o5,4) They show a high one-, two-, multi-directional traffic density.
   o5,5) Population contact is measured by eg market share, constituency, citizens and voters.


4o6) Competences
Heads of institutions provide and are accountable for eg representation, task agenda, capacity to act, 
process management, interinstitutional relations, promotion of innovations, decision making, delegation 
of tasks and oversight.
4o7) Structures
   o7,1) Organized are tasks with eg man power, instructions, stations, equipment and supplies.
   o7,2) Introduced in a meso configuration is one and in a macro configuration several hierarchical verti-
   cal-horizontal levels, indicating the chains of command and degree of order.
   o7,3) Networks decentralize tasks over a number of interlinked stations mostly for pragmatic reasons, 
   eg flexibility of organization, qualified specialization, coverage of regions. connection to external sour-
   ces and avoidance of a mammoth administration.
   o7,4) Social tightness ranges from open forum to regulated body to closed system.
   o7,5) Social freedoms are described by eg culture, creativity, flexibility, transparency, vertical-horizon-
   tal, internal-external mobility, allowance for rooms of privacy, retreat, anonymity, restraint and asylum.
4o8) Processes
   o8,1) Organized are in- and outputs with eg flows of man power, information, materials and money.
   o8,2) Introduced are consecutive, task divided steps of action, timely integrating operational functions 
   of eg planning, research, design, development, testing, decision, implementation, financing, marketing, 
   public relations, events, negotiations, feed back evaluation, corrective action and termination.
   o8,3) Set up are in-external, point-broad and official-privileged channels of communication.
4o9) Interrelations extend from the intergovernmental, governmental, interinstitutional, institutional, popu-
lational to individual levels and across all professional fields.
Power relations range from independence, coexistence, association, cooperation, integration, supple-
mentation, competition, subordination, dictation to conflict.
4o10) Interdependencies exist between populations, markets, resources, systems and environments.
4o11) Acceptance depends on private, public, local, regional and foreign evaluation and reaction, public 
opinion being shaped by eg word of mouth, public events and multi-media press coverage.
Vital are contributions by the public with eg feedback, counselling, canvassing and volunteering.
4o12) Public oversight is by eg internal - external, undercover - public, specific - general, national – inter-
national investigative control mechanisms, demanding eg adherence to regulations, transparency, state-
ment of responsibilities, structures and activities and public forum discussions with corrective actions.
They are the first to be corrupted by eg profiteering.
4o13) Misdevelopments are eg automatism, unrestricted autonomy and formation of a deep state.
4o14) Excesses are eg inequitable distribution of resources, income, wealth and division of labor that the 
competent institutions degenerate to a facade without legitimation.
4o15) Inhibiting factors are mostly misuses of power by special interest groups, eg non-action on press-
ing problems, instrumentalization and political-social programming of social formations, which can lead to 
law and order fascism.
4o16) Evaluation is comparable to that of social forces by their actions and merits.


4p) Technical device
A technical device is a man made object, utilizing a material, floral, animal or human force against a 
counterforce for a specific application.
Most motivations seek in expressions support of operational, organized technical tools. They augment 
mental-physiological-physical capabilities of human endeavors on the micro-, meso- and macro-scales.
4p1) Forces
   p1,1) Forces, derived out of the basic strong, weak, electro-magnetic and gravitational ones are nucle-
   ar, mechanic, electrical, optical, thermal, chemical, genetic and biological.
   p1,2) They are generated, amplified, transformed, stored, transmitted, distributed and applied.
4p2) Functions
   p2,1) Use of technical devices is limited only by imagination, available forces and applications.
   p2,2) Resources are scientific knowledge, technical know-how, soft skills and raw materials.
   Information has become a vital production factor aside of money, labor and resources.
   Materials can be primary natural or secondary processed, half finished goods.
   p2,3) They assist social and technical tasks to execute material factors of goal attainment.
   p2,4) Basic steps are study of force and effect, engineering of function, operational medium, relation, 
   mechanism and safety, supply of power, production, test, market introduction and service.
   Required are standards, regulations, instructions, training, knowledgeable behavior and supervision.
   Required are impact statements of risks, dangers and misuses against man and environment.
   In all, required is responsible treatment of the innumerable factors of life and matter.
4p3) Appearance
Appearance can be eg stationary-mobile, fixtured-hand held, mini-medium-large sized, manually-power 
operated, mechanically-electronically controlled.
4p4) Interaction
   p4,1) Integration links two machine operations sequentially by administrative arrangement.
   p4,2) Automation links two machine operations sequentially by a technical control mechanism.
   p4,3) Joined administrative-technical means allow eg system interaction and integration.
4p5) Impacts
The steps of homo faber continue to accelerate since the early stone age.
   p5,1) They have improved basic conditions of life in all fields from food to clothing, housing, routine 
   chores, manual-mental labor, commerce, communication, transportation, medicine to administration.
   p5,2) They have reduced vulnerabilities to natural forces with their intricacies, risks and dangers.
   p5,3) They have allowed growth of the world population beyond the required resources to sustain it.
   p5,4) They stimulate demands for ever new innovations and applications. Appealing to eg ease, com-
   fort, accessibility, speed, power, efficiency, precision, economy and reliability, they have become an 
   emotional-motivational-habitual mass motor for growth in the professional fields.
   p5,5) They produce growing incomes, wealth and mass consumption with harsh global inequities.
   p5,6) They achieve higher performances, accelerate the pace of life, reduce barriers of place, time, 
   mass and a vulnerable, interdependent technological civilization supplants natural surroundings.
   p5,7) They have brought a series of industrial revolutions from the steam engine to electricity, digital 
   multi-media data processing to bio-technological-genetic engineering.
   p5,8) They generate cyberspaces, digital-technological abstractions from space, time and objects, 
   shielded from natural surroundings, for eg multi-media data processing and virtual realities to model, 
   calculate and test any conceivable object and environment.
   p5,9) They foster illusions of human capabilities and convenience with blindness to fall back effects.
   p5,10) They pollute water, land, air and cause changes of weather patterns and the global climate.
   p5,11) They burn up natural resources beyond their rate of renewal.
   p5,12) They deplete non-renewable resources to exhaustion.
   p5,13) They reduce biotopes and biodiversity to extinction of entire species.
   p5,14) They severely undermine the local and global physiological bases of all forms of life to head in-
   evitably into a series of planetary catastrophes.
   p5,15) Modern tools of deception, misuses and destruction severely transgress human boundaries.
   Warfare with A-B-C-G-R-N weapons leads to annihilation of billions of people, destruction of build 
   land, devastation of natural land, global environmental collapse and self-extinction of mankind.
4p6) Evaluation is by merit of intent, function, result and overall consequences. Bench marks of function 
and performance are eg quality, safety, versatility, durability, ruggedness, responsivity, user friendliness, 
maintenance and disposal requirements.


  				III A 5   Expansion

Expression by communication and action is a basic, universal human activity.
An originator's decision out of need, drive, motivation, intention for an expression is the basic human 
force to realize along a relation a desired result. It has established by construction, restraint and destruc-
tion all man made phenomena and is able to advance, sustain and destroy man, society and nature.

Research and development
Research by pre-planned, methodical, directed and promising scientific, artistic and contemplative inves-
tigations generates new basic and applicable knowledge in the studied disciplines.
Development utilizes the often proprietary knowledge in the provision of resources, design, administra-
tion, production and marketing of products and services with improved and new functions.
They are as a goal oriented form of expression an advancement of human potential.

Expansion is by systematic, institutionalized, population wide, generations running, large scale spon-
sored programs of education, training, research, development and applications of objects of all classes 
to extend human capabilities into micro- and macro-cosmic dimensions. It is promoted mainly by
 ◦ Common, population wide socio-spiritual-mental-psychic-physical needs, desires and demands.
 ◦ Social forces with their schools of political-scientific-technological-commercial-social thought.
 ◦ Social-legal frameworks and human-institutional-scientific-technological infrastructures.
 ◦ Aspirational R&D spearheads towards construction of future living environments.
Expansion activities have become the mayor driving forces in shaping present day society, eclipsing the
traditional schools of social thought.

 ◦ Physiological preconditions are autonomy of body and mind with an alert consciousness.
 ◦ Operative preconditions are knowledge, know-how, experience, technical and soft skills.
 ◦ Framework preconditions are a spectrum of freedoms and positive political-social environments.
 ◦ Supportive is an infrastructure of information, regulation and application.

5a) Developmental and expansive efforts
5a1) Innovation introduces new designs. It generates along the product road map from conception to 
sale successively improved versions and speculative, visionary objects, which did not exist before.
a1,1) It increases the number of existing objects and accelerates their turn over.
a1,2) It increases the number, differentiates and specializes the professional fields.
5a2) Modernization promotes present state of the art technologies like mechanization, automatization, di-
gitalization with AI for gains in performance like efficiency, productivity, competitiveness and growth.
5a3) Rationalization cuts out waste. It eliminates non-required means of goal attainment.
   a3,1) It sets up a tight chain of cause – effect relations to achieve a lean operation.
   a3,2) Its criteria are mostly maximization of profits and minimization of costs.
   a3,3) As administrative reform it eg sets priorities, standardizes, specializes and reorganizes.
   a3,4) As technological reform it eg adapts, improves and modernizes materials and processes.
5a4 Urbanization sets up basic, practical administrative-technical infrastructures and services in centric 
and poly-centric urban areas to massively expand and attract neighbouring, rural populations.
It offers new opportunities, wealth, higher living standards and mobilizes emotional-social-cultural forces.
5a5) Industrialization with mass production in organized step by step processes promotes a scientific-in-
dustrial-technological-commercial civilization, which initiates periodic, large scale, far reaching political-
religious-mental-social-cultural-administrative adaptations, re-orientations, incisions and upheavals.
5a6) Scientification promotes generations running, institutionalized scientific research and development 
as a mental resource and a driving production factor aside of capital, labor and natural resources.
It raises eg the level of education, technological aptness and social-professional mobility.
5a7) Globalization promotes worldwide exchange of ideas, people, goods, services, money for economic 
growth by liberalized trade and fiscal policies, efficient communication and transportation, but favours mostly 
global players in an interlinked and -dependent, inequitable, strained, competitive market.
5a8) Cosmization carries technological applications of the professional fields throughout space.


5b) Expansive efforts
Expansive efforts are able to further, sustain and altogether destroy man, society and nature, being by 
scientific-technological means a present, permanent danger.
Stepwise ethical-technical efforts can gain man’s self-preservation in cosmic dimensions.
 ◦ Increased is the scientific data base of objects of all classes with their innumerable interwoven factors, 
   each object comprising aspects of the other classes.
 ◦ Increased are the spiritual, mental and natural dimensions into the micro-scale of nuclear fission  
   and macro-scale of the solar system over geological time spans.
 ◦ Increased is the radius of action with its frontiers of the thinkable, calculable, doable and usable.
 ◦ Augmented are mass effects by the employment of technical devices in all living environments.
 ◦ Advanced are human boundaries of spiritual, mental and physical capabilities
 ◦◦ Spiritual limits
    The distance God - man is infinite, God being the creator of heaven and the earth.
    Theological teachings are advanced by spiritual forces through faith and sound theology.
 ◦◦ Mental limits
    Man is born in the common state of non-knowledge and over centuries acquired knowledge consti-
    tutes only a scrap versus the dimensions of the universe. His free phantasy exceeds factual knowl-
    edge by leagues, but rarely approaches common fundamentals or far out extremes.
    Mental states are improved by social forces through maturity, research and development.
 ◦◦ Natural limits
    Limits of action are set by possibilities of existing-known energy, matter, space and time.
    Man can alter and utilize conditions, but he cannot create out of his own new physical forces.
    Natural conditions are improved by social forces through reason, research and development.
 ◦◦ Class boundaries
    Class boundaries as standards of compatibility are enlarged in their rooms of movement.
    They are sound theology towards God, reason towards nature, maturity towards man and ethics to-
    wards society.

5c) Goal attainment
5c1) Goal definition is by philosophy of research with its merits, political-social-scientific-technical-indus-
trial-commercial character, prospects, scope, means, applications and public interactions.
Conceptualization of knowledge and know-how places the applicable standards up front.
5c2) Pragmatic goal is to improves a technical benchmark for an application.
5c3) Educational goal is to improve population wide technological comprehension and aptness as well as 
to contain negative mass effects on man and environment.
5c4) Qualitative goal is to design an objective benefit into a mental-human-natural product by applying 
sound theology, reason, maturity and ethics within universal standards.
A human drive is transformed into an acceptable product without harm to man or environment.
5c5) Epistemic goal is universal treatment of all objects according to their 
 ◦ Objective, complete, balanced description of objects of any class and magnitude with their forces, 
   properties and causal chains.
 ◦ Natural, human, social and spiritual dimensions.
 ◦ Levels of reality, abstraction and complexity.
 ◦ Applications, risks, dangers, results and consequences.
 ◦ Situation, context and environments.
 ◦ Latent and active inhibiting factors.
 ◦ Aspects contributed by all people in public discussions.
5c6) Scaled up goal is to fuse envisioned human spiritual, mental and material hopes.
It concentrates first on the essentials: basic means of subsistence of the population, adequate natural 
living environments, basic individual and collective freedoms and standards of responsibility.
5c7) Main means are the tools of cognition. (Essay 0 Cognition)
Today, all political-social endeavors are build on R&D investments for competitive products and services.
   c7,1) Its first step focuses in-depth on the desired object.
   c7,2) Expanded, refined, corrected, spread are the canon of present knowledge, know-how and skills.
   c7,3) Management of knowledge serves eg collection, storage and presentation of objects' properties, 
   forces, functions, standards, applications, impact history and safeguards against inhibiting factors.


5d) Rules
5d1) Development builds on human constitution and construction, especially on physiological and frame-
work preconditions and basic universal standards.
5d2) It proceeds in tiny steps from questioning to realization via eg literature-field search, goal definition, 
research, forecast, project design, feasibility study, decision, pooling of human-material-financial re-
sources, test runs, provision of goods and services, marketing and feedback evaluation.
5d3) It proceeds on the way from simple to complex, specific to general and concrete to abstract.
5d4) It spreads from a country to a continent, the globe, the planetary system and the galaxy.
5d5) It continuously supersedes present states of art by enlargements of comprehension and application.
5d6) It expands its concepts with superseding, generalizing and unifying principles.
5d7) It abstains from absolute definitions of truths.
5d8) It promotes the spirit of man and the integrity of nature.
5d9) It continuously reapplies all single steps, starting from questioning and cognition in series.

5e) Institutional efforts
Institutional efforts can promote research, development and applications. Private, public non-government 
and government institutions assist, sponsor, champion, channel home and foreign efforts in all fields of 
life at any stage according to their philosophy of research and political-social objectives.
5e1) Means are eg political, legal, financial, commercial, technical, scientific and man power assistance.
5e2) Scope of sponsorship ranges from a single project, professional field, application, human and natu-
ral resource, social structure and process, population group to the natural environment.
5e3) Scale can broaden into a social enterprise to expand human boundaries.

5f) Co-determining factors
Co-determining factors are spiritual, social and natural environmental states, changes and boundaries.
They are long term in- and external, interacting variables of individual and collective lives.
They are as social heritage result of past and present trend setting social forces and visible as the entire
ty of longer lasting mental-human-natural products.
They are legally treated as a non-contractual framework with favorable and restrictive conditions.
5f1) States comprise eg spiritual, mental, mentality, cultural, vital, executive, legal, judiciary, economic, 
financial, social, media, human-material infrastructural and natural environments.
5f2) Changes are caused by eg new emerging motivations and trends in long term goal attainment.
Avant-gardes exist in all professional fields and as new social movements.
Changes are signalized qualitatively and quantitatively by leading, coincident and lagging indicators.
5f3) Boundaries are man’s limits of spiritual, mental and physical capabilities.

5g) Interactions
Interactions of expansive efforts start in early stages as points of awareness, then broaden in most cases 
rapidly into interwoven global relations.
Large scale developmental interactions take place in all expanding professional fields, eg
 ◦ In the sciences by eg information exchange, interdisciplinary research and transfer of technologies.
 ◦ In commerce by eg joint ventures to take advantage of synergistic effects.
 ◦ In politics by eg military agreements to set up a security network.
 ◦ In culture by eg international festivals and foreign exchange programs.
5g1) State ranges from concurrence, co-existence, dynamic balance, competition to conflict.
5g2) Scope ranges from past-present, local-global, unrelated-related to public-under cover.
5g3) Effects range from convergence, synergism, revival to distancing, takeover to displacement.


5h) Vulnerabilities
A civilization of man made objects as a complex, multi-interdependent techno-city is vulnerable in its 
faster, longer, intermeshed, intertwined, often warped chains of actions and responsibilities and min-
iscule, far off, hard to detect, incalculable uncertainties, risks and dangers as entry points of special in-
terests of cognition and its applications, which utilize more and more sophisticated deceptive and de-
structive tech-niques.
The extended radius of possibilities to shape nature, man and society invites any project that appears to 
be undercover organisable, technically doable and operationally maintainable.
5h1) Most vulnerable are single individuals and population fractions in their outer and inner freedoms.
Traces of natural and synthesized bacteria, viruses and toxins, not visible to the eye, can be lethal.
5h2) Vulnerable are the human constitution and construction with their functions from intentions and 
conceptions to expressions. Efforts to expand the knowledge base and mental, historic, human and spi-
ritual horizons of man into micro- and macroscopic dimensions can be degraded by pseudo-mental pro-
ducts, pseudo-sciences, exploitation of nature, misuses, mis- and pseudo-developments to lead from 
lower in-stincts with deception, violence, public opinion control and clandestine high tech R&D&Prod& 
Apps to pseudo-knowledge fascism.

5i) Pseudo-mental products
Scientific-technological mastery of nature fosters pseudo-mental products of slogans, naivitées, aggran-
dizements and illusions of human capabilities and conveniences.
Quickly claimed is progress without a limit with
 ◦ Increases in knowledge and the human radius of action.
 ◦ Increases in life expectancies and social-economic possibilities.
 ◦ Increases in wellbeing, welfare, wealth and power.
 ◦ Comprehensive problem solving by technological expertise.
 ◦ All around conflict solving by growing together.
 ◦ An image of a rational, functional technological civilization.
 ◦ Happiness with an easy going and successful lifestyle.
The public political-social reality and its rooms of movement fade into scenery designed facades, glam-
our, polished formalisms, stupor, distrust and hypocrisy towards objective values.
Gone is the informed citizen, who thinks independently over the full spectrum of his mind.
Pseudo-mental products have a free fall into gross misdevelopments.

5j) Pseudo-sciences
Pseudo-sciences lack scientific principles like objectivity, reproducibility, falsifiability, statistical quantifi-
cation, predictability from theory, accessibility, critical public discussions and growth of the body of know-
ledge. They are motivated by eg superficial beliefs like alchemy, myths like astrology, magic power like 
occult, ideology like racial science, dogma like evolution denial, profit like climate change denial and tools 
for clandestine mass manipulation like social profiling/programming and psychological warfare.

5k) Exploitation of nature
Expansive activities, falling off into reckless policies, come up mostly from lower instincts, criminal incli-
nations and aggrandizements to exploit eg natural resources for big business and profit and often being 
acquiesced by illusions, infringe the integrity of nature and in consequence existential living conditions.
As apparently non-resisting targets, they suffer by mass effective, non-sustainable, often irreparable in-
cisions, changes, substitutions, degradations, destructions and eliminations.
Threatened is the earth’s biosphere with its atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere.
 ◦ Changed is the N2-O2-CO2 balance of the atmosphere towards a proportional excess of CO2 with a 
   greenhouse effect to disrupt weather patterns and cause global warming.
 ◦ Polluted are water, land, and air with contamination of all living organisms and the food chain.
 ◦ Contaminated are product lines with toxic production residues and materials.
 ◦ Wasted are products without being eg consumed, preserved, repaired or recycled.
 ◦ Burned up are renewable natural resources beyond their ability of regeneration.
 ◦ Depleted are non-renewable natural resources without sufficient frugality or rehabilitation.
 ◦ Reduced and eliminated are biotopes and biodiversity with entire common and rare species.
 ◦ Gradually consumed are the planet’s limited resources by a non-sustainable majority-life-style.


5l) Misuses
Misuses employ a civilian tool, an object, a mental product or a science, designed to amend, to inten-
tionally cause material, bodily, psychic or mental harm.

5m) Misdevelopments
Expansive activities, degrading into political-military misdevelopments as the worst case, come up mostly 
from lower instincts for power, the most devastating archaic notion, to exploit human resources for politi-
cal-military-scientific-technological-industrial-commercial superiority and being tabooed by public opinion 
control, infringe basic human rights and lead as inhibiting factor to collapse of political-social systems.
As apparently pliable targets, people are manipulated by leverage of ‘soft’, clandestine means out of mili-
tarily protected command centers with global telecommunication and surveillance systems to
 ◦ Control public opinion by eg manipulation of content, context, style and image of public media.
 ◦ Collect population wide individual profiles from all daily activities in all areas of life.
 ◦ Operate hit teams for targeted poisoning with B-C-G-R (bio-chemical-genetic-radiative) toxins.
 ◦ Channel individual behavior and program political-commercial-social structures and processes.
R&D&Apps have been turned into a pioneering battlefield for political-social control and gain. 
‘Security’ is pseudo rationalized, ideologized and instrumentalized as a tool of power.
The means for political-military predominance are derived out of large scale weapon R&D projects.
 ◦ Weaponizing of modern technologies is to hit progressively easier, faster, severer, more precise, be 
   more effectively shielded and guided than foregone ones and to exhaust human-material, scientific-
   technological capabilities in space, air, at sea, land from single to large scale, non-lethal to lethal, in-
   tercepting to retaliating tools and in cyberspace from data scanning to misinforming to infrastructure 
   crippling hacks.
 ◦ B-C-G-R-N weapons
   Aside from R&D of conventional weapons, developed are B-C-G-R-N (biological, chemical, genetic, 
   radiation, nano) compact weapon architectures as the 4th generation after spears, guns, rockets and 
   are now armed with toxins like contaminants, bio-chemical-genetic agents, electrical current, electro-
   magnetic-thermal-acoustic radiation and neurologically coded misinformation.
 ◦ Out of life sciences developed weapons always lead to inexpensive, perfidious weapons of mass de-
   struction, corrupting as totalitarian tools in first line human living environments, where it cannot be per-
   ceived by the senses in the very small, very distant and difficult to detect.
 ◦ Geneva Conventions
   The civilized world, customary international law and the Geneva Conventions (especially the Biolo-
   gi-cal Weapons Convention (UN Geneva 1972) and the Chemical Weapons Convention (UN Geneva 
   1992)) outlaw the development, production, stockpiling of B and C weapons as a means of warfare 
   and call for their disarmament.
 ◦ Arms race
   An arms race between the global political blocks, having started with the Cold War, continues today in 
   weapon development for a credible defence with overkill stockpiles of A-B-C-G-R-N weapons. It in-
   volves actively the political, military, intelligence, scientific, technological, commercial, financial, cultur-
   al and social professional fields to instrumentalize them in geo-political contests for power. Under the 
   superpowers’ shields conflicts of global positioning and degradation of political-social fabrics endure in 
   relentless efforts with shifting advantages.
 ◦ Dirty war
   A global, clandestine, dirty B-C-R-G-N war wages between government and private, independent de-
   fence leagues' security services of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Worlds and their populations. They operate glo-
   bal systems of labor camps for electro-magnetic-bio-chem-genetic programming of individual-social 
   and psychological-physiological profiles and to eliminate human roots of dissenting, opposing and 
   moral voices.


5n) Pseudo-developments
Expansive activities, drifting off into pseudo-developments, come up mostly from lower instincts of power, 
the most devastating archaic notion, to genetically manipulate human resources for political-military-intel-
ligence-scientific-technological-industrial-commercial superiority and being shielded by image fascism, 
lead as inhibiting factor to a transformation of man.
Expansive activities, drifting off into pseudo-developments, come up mostly from lower instincts of power, 
the most devastating archaic notion, to manipulate human resources for political-military-intelligence-sci-
entific-technological-industrial-commercial superiority and being shielded by image fascism, lead as in-
hibiting factor to a transformation of man.
As apparently self-unconscious targets, people are being misused by civilian professions and depraved 
weaponizing directed against God given institutions, which are protected in the civilized world by basic 
human rights.
Threatened is a 'human hand directed, accelerated evolution' by electro-magnetic-mechanical-bio-che-
mical-genetic means to transform man into a programmable cyborg - cloned chimera with special aug-
mented capabilities according to orders.
Man’s position in nature is existential dependency on a small, scarcely endowed planet in a 250 million 
years from now heating up solar system as physiological basis and room of life, which he has to pre-
serve and not to counteract technological efforts to survive in cosmic dimensions.
Man is with nature given and trained awareness, conviction, maturity and reason well enough endowed 
to overcome limiting and hostile factors. A human hand directed evolution stands therefore in violation of
 ◦ Dignity of man
   Dignity of man as self-set and self-interpreting value is violated in its integrity of health and autonomy 
   of body, mind, genetic code and gene expressions.
 ◦ Unity of mankind
   Unity of mankind in nature given common ancestry, range of equality in body, mind and environments 
   and common long term future is violated by technologically integrated inequalities into human physio-
   logical, psychological and mental capacities. Differences of eg strong-weak, healthy-sickly, rich-poor, 
   powerful-dependent are added by specifically enhanced-non-enhanced.
 ◦ Responsibility
   Responsibility to act in stewardship of the creation and of each individual towards man, society, nature 
   is violated in its transparency and adequacy as communication and action require identification, trace-
   ability and accountability of a person’s intentions, conceptions and administrative-technical tools.
   Tools are to be handled logically-practically as distinct, separate, auxiliary variables of expression.
   A cyborg-chimera with augmented capabilities can only be identified by a barcode scan app as their 
   special performance-control mechanisms, often without exit-brake, are enclosed in their data sheets.
 ◦ Freedom
   Inner and outer freedoms of movement are limited by new dependencies and vulnerabilities.
   Dependencies arise for eg training, bio-chemical agents, check ups, devices, maintenance, monitor-
   ing, safety, reliability, technological service infrastructure and political-social-regulatory frameworks.
   Vulnerabilities arise to eg propaganda, discrimination, polarization, manipulation, social programming 
   of population structures-performance profiles, science fiction concepts, misapplications, conflicts, G-R 
   hyper-warfare and loss of ethical-historical freedom.
 ◦ Side effects
   An arbitrarily, bio-technologically designed genetic evolution of individuals, groups and entire popula-
   tions according to desired performance criteria will affect a selected trait directly, when the phenotype 
   with a morphological or functional distinction is traceable to a specific hereditarily passed on genotype 
   and the individual gene or gene group as functional unit is identified with its bio-synthetic pathway. 
   With it affected are the anatomy, morphology and physiology of the organism and massive, population 
   wide manipulations show first in the demographic structure. Genetic incisions to determine a specific 
   trait in the public psychological profile gaplessly, stably, time effectively will affect the demographic 
   structure with all co-determining genetic factors and result due to the long causal chains, large number 
   of variables and interdependencies in an almost irreversible shift of frame in several allele frequencies 
   of the world population's gene pool with risks and dangers of further long term effects, of further G-R 
   weapon developments and undercover operations and of an uncontrollable, spreading, almost irrever-
   sible planetary catastrophe.
 ◦ Exemptions
   Acceptable electro-magnetic-mechanical-bio-chem-genetic incisions remain diagnosis, prostheses, 	
   production of medication, somatic therapy, comparable in concept to abortion indication rules.


5o) Results
Results of expressions by communication and action comprise all longer lasting man made objects.
Their design, generation and manifestation are collected in the canon of knowledge.
They can be classified as mental, mental-human and mental-human-natural products.
They can sub-classified as essential, common and luxurious.
5p1) Mental products
Mental products as results of neuro-physiological data processing are internal, conscious, intentional, 
visualized constructions. They are abstract units with identity, name and defined content of properties, 
independent of realization or utilization. They give an intellectual contribution to the canon of knowledge.
They are a conceptual design of most products. They can be
   p1,1) Spiritual mental products like an ethical standard.
   Example is the Nicene creed, Athanasius (AD 287-373) fought for his life long.
   p1,2) World view mental products like a way of thought.
   Example is humanism, a questioning and educating view of man, being endowed with human dignity 
   and the potentials for freedom, individuality and virtues in real life.
   p1,3) Personal mental products like an individual opinion.
   p1,4) Mental processing products like a design of expression.
   p1,5) Professional mental products like a law of nature.
   Example is the Archimedes' principle, he (BC 287-212) discovered while playing with soap in a bath.
   Today, development of a mental product often requires a large scale R&D project.
   p1,6) Auxiliary mental products assisting another product like an operating instruction.
   p1,7) Evaluation is by eg truth, merit, sincerity, completeness and consistency.
5p2) Mental-human products
Mental-human products as results of molding human resources are external, conscious, intentional, rea-
lized construction. They are concrete units with identity, name, defined content of properties and func-
tion, independent of utilization. They give an administrative contribution in service to man and environ-
ment. They are organized mostly as part of the public infrastructure to handle mass applications.
They can be
   p2,1) Public, institutionalized administrative units like a law court.
   Example is public trial by state authorities in cases of capital offense to break through cycles of savage 
   blood revenge, as expounded by eg Aeschylus (BC 525-456) in his 'Eumenides'.
   p2,2) Private, institutionalized administrative units like a corporation.
   Today, all larger for profit and non-profit organizations are registered as legal entities.
   p2,3) Associative administrative units like a scientific community.
   p2,4) Auxiliary administrative units like a called in expert panel.
   p2,5) Evaluation is by eg merit, function, performance and transparency.
5p3) Mental-human-natural products
Mental-human-natural products as results of molding natural resources of physical raw materials, flora 
and fauna are man made material objects. They are concrete units with identity, name, a list of defined 
properties and uses. They give a technical contribution in service to man and environment.
Their finished state is described by eg appearance, function, performance, quality, practicability, effi-
ciency, specialization, differentiation, communication and energy consumption.
In daily population wide production and consumption, they add up to mass effects. They can be
   p3,1) Modified natural environment like a dam against the tides.
   p3,2) Cultivated natural flora and fauna products like a fruit orchard.
   p3,3) Products from non-living raw materials like machinery.
   p3,4) Semi-finished goods, eg an automotive part is further processed in a complete product, a car.
   p3,5) Evaluation is by eg industrial, technical and practical standards like function, performance, quali-
   ty, service, user friendliness, cost, recognition, acceptance and natural-social concerns.

5p) Evaluation
Evaluation is by immediate effects and further reaching consequences on all aspects of life and nature 
by universal to item specific standards, eg merits, basic human-social rights, absence of inhibiting fac-
tors, co-determination of affected parties and benefits-costs balance.


  				III A 6   Essentials

Essentials comprise physiological base, freedom and conviction.
6a) Physiological base
The physiological base builds on material and biological existentials within a habitable range.
The material existentials comprise mainly earth’s distance from the center of the milky way and the sun;
3+ generations of burned out stars with the required chemical composition; mass and energy of the sun; 
mass, rotational stability, inclined rotational axis, magnetic field, water, atmosphere, temperature, plate 
tectonics and vulcanism of the earth.
The biological existentials require self-organization of matter, organic building blocks and the forces of 
evolution to form out a diversity of species and natural living environments with ecological systems.
6a1) The cosmos
The physical cosmos is qualitatively and quantitatively depictable, causally explainable and in its devel-
opment predictable. It is described by cosmogony, cosmology and eschatology
 ◦ Cosmogony reconstructs through backward extrapolation the earliest physical conditions of the cos-
   mos. From a singularity at a finite point in space-time about 14×109 years ago, a state of extreme den-
   sity of radiation energy, approaching Planck’s time ht, it exploded, cooled and developed into the pre-
   sent geometry with a multitude of material formations.
 ◦ Cosmology
  ◦◦ The macro-cosmos is a coherently gravitation bound isotropic, homogeneous, accelerating inflation-
     ary Riemann geometry with asymptotic Minkowski properties towards infinite. It developed stable
     single and groups of galaxies, clusters, nebula, stars and planetary systems.
  ◦◦ The meso-cosmos constitutes the validity range of classical, non-relativistic physics.
     Its phenomena of abiotic matter are described by physics, chemistry and their fields of study.
  ◦◦ The micro-cosmos enfolds according to the standard model out of 3 classes of elementary particles: 
     point like spin ½ particles, field particles of the 4 forces and Higgs particles, endowing elementary, 
     subatomic particles with mass. It is ruled predominantly by strong, weak and electro-magnetic forces, 
     unified in a single theory. It is described by Quantum Mechanics, Electro-, Chromo- und Flavordynamics.
 ◦ Eschatology projects through forward extrapolation future physical conditions of the cosmos for the next 
   1027 years as a continuing entropy gaining, spatially expanding dispersion of matter and emission of ra-
   diation to leave black dwarfs, neutron stars and black holes. 
6a2) Natural environments
Natural environments are long term variables of in nature found energy, matter, flora and fauna.
 ◦ The Heliosphere, a star of medium size and luminosity, about 4.5×109 years old, generating by nuclear 
   fusion electromagnetic radiation, a gravitational and geometrical center of nine orbiting planets, includ-
   ing Pluto, allows a long, stable developmental time span for evolution of organic life.
 ◦ The earth's magnetic field extends as magnetosphere asymmetrically ~ 6o ooo km sunwards and 
   ~ 1 2oo ooo km away from it. Layered below are the plasmasphere and ionosphere.
   It deflects together with the heliosphere cosmic ray from outside the solar system.
   It deflects charged particle of the solar wind, which would erode the upper atmosphere with the ozone 
   layer, which in turn shields against ultra-violet radiation.
 ◦ The Biosphere describes all single factors enclosed by the atmosphere.
  ◦◦ The atmosphere of the earth, reaching about 10 km upwards, consists out of 78% N2, 21% O2, 
     0,03% CO2 and in its lower layers up to 4% of H2OVAP. It dampens by circulation temperature and
     pressure differences, carries precipitation inland and serves as a metabolic fuel.
  ◦◦ The hydrosphere of gas, ice and liquid, found to 99,7 % in the oceans, supplies with sweet water the 
     largest component of plants and animals and is indispensable in their metabolism.
  ◦◦ The lithosphere, the outer, firm, plate layered mantle of the earth, reaching about 100 km deep, has 
     as its crust the pedosphere with rocks, stones, sands and soils of various qualities.
  ◦◦ The biotic environment includes all living organisms in water, land and air.
  ◦◦ Ecology describes individual, populational, environmental abiotic-biotic forces, requirements and 
conditions of life with their multifaceted interdependencies in the development over geological time 
spans. A local ecological environment often forms out a self-organizing, semi-closed system with an 
energy and metabolic cycle along an ascending food chain in a labile dynamic balance.


6a3) Early forms of life
The earliest forms of one cell organisms appeared in the Precambrian about 3.7×109 years ago accord-
ing to undisputed evidence, but possibly as early as 4.2 x 109 years back.
Development of life on earth (biogenesis) was first a chemical, abiotic evolution, taking place in the 
oceans in the presence of phosphates (XPO4), silicates (XSiO4), metal ions, an atmosphere of nitrogen
(N2), ammonia (NH3), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4), sulfur hydrogen 
(H2S), hydrogen (H2) and energy sources of heat, radiation and electric discharges and was possibly
added by meteoric seeds. Formed were mixtures of amino acids, polysaccharides, lipids, bases of 
nucleic acids acids and proteinoid microspheres with first forms of a membrane, metabolism and growth by 
Biological evolution with nucleic acid chains capable of self-replication progressed in the oceans by self-
organization of matter with basic forces of the evolutionary drives over geological time spans in repetitive 
life cycles of mutation, recombination, differentiation of structures, specialization of functions, adaptation 
and selection with extinction of most variations. Formed were protobiontes, containing a short DNA 
strand, which differentiated stepwise an improved protein production, metabolism and a multifunctional 
membrane. The first prokaryotes of bacteria, often colonizing as microbial mats, and blue algae ap-
peared and developed photosynthesis to gain energy-rich biomolecules. Bacterial fossils have been 
found eg as small rods in metasedimentary stromatolites. Following in the first evolutionary line were 
eukaryotes with differentiated organelles within the cell and a membrane enclosed nucleus, containing a 
chromosome set to control cell division by mitosis (start of phylogenesis). The spreading aqueous one 
cell organisms took up mainly carbon and hydrogen containing molecules in exchange for nitrogen and 
oxygen to radically change the composition of the atmosphere, starting 2.4 x 109 years back, into the one 
we know today. Their oldest known chalky fossils found in oceanic sediments are about 1.8 x 109 years 
old. About 9 x 108 years ago the evolutionary rate of the diverse one cell organisms accelerated, forming 
multi-cellular eukaryotes with specialized cell functions. Introduced was sexual reproduction about 5.5 x 
108 years back, by genetic recombination with meiosis and mitosis further accelerating the evolutionary 
rate, production of linages with superior fitness and diversification of species. While the first micro-
organisms had appeared on land about 109 years back, the first plants adapted themselves about 4.8 x 
108, followed by animals about 4.2 x 108 years back.
6a4) Phylogenetic topology
The first evolutionary line is continuously traceable in the development of the proteins of genetic materi-
als and ensuing forms of life. The first nucleic acid chains grew by processes of base pair changes, 
addition, deletion, inversion, duplication, rearrangements, activation, deactivation, in later stages by pro-
duction of catalyzing enzymes, by interaction of these factors, mostly enlarging the overall DNA material. 
The development of function specific genes and proteins is graphically demonstrated by a polygenetic 
tree (molecular phylogram), by branch order and lengths, indicating their degree and distance of relation,
the evolutionary steps and the corresponding evolutionary rates. The molecular tree of lineage delineates 
copy true the evolutionary tree of comparative anatomy of all plant and animal species, stating a com-
mon ancestry of all living organisms in the bio-chemical building blocks, the genetic code, the bio-
synthesis of proteins, the catalysis by enzymes and an energy metabolism with glycolysis.
6a5) Taxonomy
The phylogenetic theory of descent serves as basis for description, denotation and categorization of all 
organisms. As a result of evolutionary processes, there exist in discontinuous variability today about 5oo 
ooo plant and 2 ooo ooo animal species. The degree of relationship between groups, traced in a hierar-
chical, monophyletic tree of lineage, is measured by singular, homologous, derived traits in descent of 
corresponding original traits (taxon, pl. taxa). The taxonomic categories are rooted in four kingdoms 
regnum, pl. regna) of one cell organisms, prokaryotes, eukaryotes and mushrooms.


6b) Freedom
Freedom, man’s ability of movement in natural, human, social and spiritual dimensions is a basic and 
universal requirement of human activities. Every movement in any environment requires freedom. It is 
a state for being, encompassing passively absence of intrusion and non-use, actively liberation, use, 
expansion and also transgression of boundaries, which backfires on itself.
6b1) States
   b1,1) Submission leads to physical enslavement, mental stupor and often extinction.
   b1,2) Liberation from political barriers is won by awareness, will, resources and often conflict, - from 
   mental barriers like idolatry, superstition, illusion by sound theology, reason and maturity.
   b1,3) Use is by intentional restraint or actual expression with communication and action.
   Common characteristics are eg essential or superfluous, major or minor, daily or scarcely, actual or 
   potential, stable or fragile, adequate or inadequate, encroaching on others or not, seen or not.
   Modi of movement are given by eg direction, range, speed, path, dynamics and volatility.
   b1,4) Expansion is by eg adaptive, social, educational, administrative, technical means, change of 
   conditions and environments.
6b2) Types
   b2,1) Natural freedoms utilize by nature given rooms of individual and collective movement.
   b2,2) Civilizational freedoms utilize cultural-social-scientific-technical opportunities.
   b2,3) Individual freedoms are possibilities of physical, mental and spiritual activities of a person.
   b2,4) Collective freedoms are individual freedoms in collective endeavors.
   They enclose set up, maintenance, expansion, alteration, regeneration, reduction and termination of 
   relations for eg information, assembly, association and activities in all fields of life.
   b2,5) Basic freedoms of movement, privacy, security, speech, action, assembly, education, property, 
   profession, culture and religion are largely constitutionally codified as inalienable human rights.
   b2,6) Inner freedoms comprise internal un- and conscious neuro-physiological processing.
   b2,7) Outer freedoms comprise external conscious bio-mechanical-vocal expressions.
   b2,8) Truth’s freedom allows unrestricted research and description of God, nature, man and society.
   b2,9) Ethic’s freedom does not allow a major inhibiting factor to run to its self-destructive end.
   b2,10) Historical freedom is a state of affairs with minimal causal dependencies, where not imbalance, 
   enslavement, disintegration, destruction, collapse or catastrophe determine public actions.
   b2,11) Cosmic freedom prevails over longer periods, where causes of historical developments with 
   their large number of factors are not any more predictable by laws or theoretical approaches, but are 
   subject to chances. Achievements of later born stand in alternatively open and equivalent time.
   b2,12) Overall freedom is the sum of singular freedoms, their combination and interaction.
6b3) Interactions
   b3,1) Singular freedoms of several persons, acting in association in the same direction, eg assist, over-
   lap, complement, add, multiply and inspire each other.
   b3,2) Singular freedoms of several persons, not in interaction, coexist with each other.
   b3,3) Singular freedoms of several persons, acting in conflict in opposite direction, eg level, compete, 
   exclude, undermine, impair, encroach on and envy each other.
6b4) Balanced freedoms grant a maximum of freedom to each individual and group within a larger com-
munity of people, while observing obligations, rights, weights, limits and reconciliation of conflicts.
5b5) Limits of freedoms are natural or man made physical restrictions or sanction enforced guidelines of 
behavior like a social classification, statute, norm, tradition, usage or etiquette.
Common characteristics are eg resistant or ductile, enforced, circumvented or disregarded.
Their range can be given by eg extent of possibilities and rights and conditions like rules of accessibility.
6b6) Inhibiting factors are restriction, bondage and incapacitation by pretended justifications.
Today, common practice worldwide are arbitrary private and government restrictions to privacy, property, 
travel, migration, choice of residence and profession, movement of ideas and goods, free speech, as-
sembly, religion and access to communication. Means of enforcement range from social sanctions to 
sublime oppression to data based rooms of surveillance and administration to deception and violence.
6b7) Evaluation is as
   b7,1) Room of movement by eg awareness, potential, reality, use and misuse.
   b7,2) Restriction by positive sources like ethics and negative sources like arbitrariness.


6c) Conviction
Man is centered in his convictions. They are the pivotal deciding points of his actions.
A conviction springs out of a vision about life in relation to man, society, nature, the infinite and considers 
the long term guidelines for life and matter beyond calculable predictions in cosmic dimensions.
It integrates anthropological behavior into efforts towards self-responsibility in a multitude of concepts of 
life to eclipse homo-cerebralis, -culturalis, -legalis, -activans, -faber, -sociologicus, -cooperativus, -econo-
micus, -ludens, -vitalis, -capax, -patiens and -debilis.
As a living biological organism it unfolds independent psychic, mental and spiritual activities.
It trains itself hand in hand in political-human-social-spiritual will according to universal standards and in 
psychic-mental awareness, cognition, experience, knowledge, horizons, overall comprehension, projects 
according to cognitive findings.
Vision and knowledge as radius of human responsibilities span the radius of human actions.
6c1) Awareness
Awareness observes consciously sensual, psychic, mental, spiritual activities of its surroundings and re-
cognizes objects’ properties, forces, dimensions, realities, applications, contexts and inhibiting factors.
6c2) Cognition
Cognition pursues contemplative, scientific, aesthetic research to explain natural, understand human and 
grasp spiritual issues, to describe, calculate, interpret, apply and evaluate them.
 ◦ Passive steps are to stay away from special interests of cognition, publication and application.
 ◦ Active steps are to apply subjective, relational, objective tools of cognition cautiously and intrudingly.
6c3) Experience
Experience takes up subjectively activities of life with their intentions, conceptions and consequences.
 ◦ Passive steps are to stay away from lower instincts, undue uncertainties, risks and dangers.
 ◦ Active steps are to initiate one’s own questions, searches, deliberations, discussions, training, hands 
   on experience, failures, restarts, successes and store them in memory as sensual-empirical data with 
   eg causes, mechanisms, effects, environments, singularities, generalities, warnings and expectations.
6c4) Knowledge
Knowledge comprises mainly personal experience of immediate surroundings, habitual activities of eg 
daily work, highlighted themes of informal character and investigations in a formal scientific discipline.
It strives to cover all phenomena of nature and achieve universal treatment of all objects.
 ◦ Passive steps are to stay away from excesses, exploitation, pseudo-mental products, pseudo-mental 
   sciences, misuses, misdevelopments, pseudo-developments and other inhibiting factors.
 ◦ Active steps are to establish an accessible, objective and balanced canon of knowledge.
6c5) Horizons
Horizons are data based, image reflecting and pioneering fields of visualization as a
 ◦ Mental horizon with knowledge about man, society, nature and God.
 ◦ Historic horizon with past events leading up to present political-social affairs.
 ◦ Human horizon with long term aspirations and challenges for man.
 ◦ Spiritual horizon with envisioned principles and objective benefits.
6c6) Overall comprehension
Overall comprehension comprises values, priorities, responsibilities, means, tasks and supervision.
 ◦ Standards are the existential, humanitarian, universal and social values.
 ◦ Priorities are von-violence and address of major issues.
 ◦ Responsibilities of individual-collective convictions are towards past, present, posterity and life.
6c7) Projects
Projects reach from the present day agenda to long term visions as
 ◦ Personal and collective goals for one’s life work.
 ◦ A habitual way of life with study and work to serve as a locomotive engine to move large loads.
 ◦ Positive contributions to life and matter with their innumerable factors.
6c8) Results gain
 ◦ Overcoming with enlightenment hostile and inhibiting factors.
 ◦ Responsible treatment of all objects.
 ◦ Expansion of man’s boundaries towards survival in cosmic dimensions of space-time.


				III  A  7  Inhibiting factors

Inhibiting factors introduce man made barriers by causes of error and intent.
7a) Errors are deficiencies in intellect.
They are caused by eg non-knowledge, thoughtlessness, mistake, but mostly by irrationalities like
7a1) Primitive aggrandizements like fate, fame, glory, beauty. happiness and sex appeal.
7a2) Self-exultations like man to be the crown of creation, - a self-deception that has been rectified by 
cosmological insults: man and earth are not the center of the universe, he does not spring out of a single 
act of divine creation, he is not driven alone by reason and he is vulnerable to minute traces of toxins.
7a3) Caricatures, when reduced to oversimplification, black-white painting and prejudice.
7a4) Pseudo-mental products, lacking sound theology, reason or maturity like myth, idol, superstition, il-
lusion, dogmatism, ideology, construal, social programming and secret policy goal.
7a5) Pseudo-logical reasoning like tautology, pleonasm, circular reasoning and regress ad infinitum.
7a6) They spread by eg culture, teaching, ways of thought and political-social propaganda.

7b) Intentional barriers are defects in drives, mentality, intellectuality and spirituality, originating out of 
criminal inclinations, hate of man and archaic notions of prestige, power, possessions and pleasure.
They strive to bleed dry with kraken suction cups any object within reach and tangible.
They openly, tyrannically set up arbitrary rules or secretly, hypocritically corrupt equitable law.
They pervert knowledge and with it its natural-human-spiritual realities.
They defile human dignity and universal human, social, natural and spiritual values.
7b1) Targets of gain are mostly self-image, language, frame works and physical objects.
7b2) Targets of loss are mostly the natural environment, another person's property, social-professional 
surroundings and he himself.
7b3) Targets of elimination are first whistle blowers, watchdog organizations and political opponents.
7b4) Means are acquiescence, subversion, corruption, deception and violence.
   b4,1) Acquiescence yields to political-economic-social pressure as way of least resistance.
   b4,2) Subversion mentally disrespects the gist of an objective standard.
   b4,3) Corruption physically violates an objective standard.
   b4,4) Deception manipulates perceptions, comprehension, intentions, conceptions, decisions, individ-
   ual actions and social behavior patterns by
   ◦ Motivation control, eg stirring up of lower fears and desires leads to eg brutality.
   ◦ Justification control, eg propaganda for a political system leads to eg ideology.
   ◦ Knowledge control, eg privileged information leads to eg system control.
   ◦ Cyber control, eg fake news and fiction ware lead to eg biased hyper reality.
   ◦ Public opinion control, eg manipulation of content, context, style and image by eg appeasement, 
     diffusion, deflection, distortion, misinformation, omission, elimination, perversion, ridicule, enter-
     tainment, glorification, irrationality leads large scale to social reality control.
   b4,5) Violence impairs a spiritual, natural, man made object or human being by degrading abuse, 
   misuse by a civilian tool designed to amend and attack by a military tool designed to do damage.
   A society with a multitude of social-administrative-technical interrelations is extremely vulnerable to 
   'soft' channels of private and public coercion, curtailing inner and outer freedoms of movement.
   ◦ Damage of a man made object is by eg tempering, misapplication and destruction.
   ◦ Infringement of a political-social-professional framework is by eg harassment, disenfranchisement, 
     oppression, exploitation, subjugation, strangulation, enslavement and expulsion.
   ◦ Degrading abuses are eg insult, surveillance, defamation and demonization.
   ◦ Impairment can be eg physical injury, disease, altered growth and differentiation of a physiological 
     trait and change in the level of a genetic-physiological capacity.
   ◦ Transformation can be into a cyborg - chimera with programmable augmented capabilities.
   ◦ Replacement can be by a programmable robotized android.
   ◦ Elimination can be by severe cripplement and murder.
7b5) Escalation
Deception and violence are escalated by lower instincts, prestige leading to image fascism, power to 
system fascism, possessions to order fascism, pleasure to hedonism, added by high tech R&D&Apps to 
knowledge fascism, added by ferocity to bestiality and in combination leading to hegemonic policies.


				III  A  8  Summary

Man is a complex functional, regenerating form of life, activating physiological-mental-spiritual forces 
from his human center, conviction, into the extremes of life. He is across all layers of reality depictable, 
being independent-social, abstract-concrete, dynamic-passive, free-submissive, reflective-thoughtless.
8a) Achievements
Over the last three millennium huge advances have been made in the humanities, natural sciences, 
logic, mathematics, data processing, technologies and applications with expansion of the radius of 
action and generation of power, wealth and an environment of man made products.

8b) Failures
8b1) Hardly addressed are the zeitgeist issues in substance, leading to depravation of esprit
 ◦ Pseudo-mental products like illusions of human capabilities-conveniences and pseudo-scientific con-
   cepts like social profiling/programming.
 ◦ Power as the most devastating archaic notion, narrow, vile, hateful, persistent and scheming instru-
   mentalizing values, constitutional structures and processes towards their self-destructive end.
 ◦ Man himself, his intentions, conceptions, convictions, values, responsibilities and expressions with 
   their consequences. He is largely a brutal creature, applying any means for his advancement.
 ◦ Man's position in society with its service functions. He does not know how to overcome inhibiting fac-
   tors by enlightenment or handle conflict solving between hostile parties efficiently.
 ◦ Man's position against nature and God. He does not project himself into the future, combining a spir-
   itual hope with a real prospect in cosmic dimensions.
8b2) Hegemonic policies
 ▫ Continuing are overpopulation, famines, epidemics, inequities of life essentials, environmental pollu-
   tion and destruction, leading as mass effective misdevelopments to planetary catastrophes.
 ▫ Continuing are exploitation, polarization of wealth, human rights violations, leading as mass effective 
   power tools to destruction of social fabrics, refugee streams, terrorism, mass murder and war.

8c) Accusations
The major church and secular political-social leaders are by universal standards accused of image fas-
cism and in hundreds of millions of cases a year worldwide of environmental violations, deception, ex-
ploitation, subjugation, degradation, physical injury and murder.
They conduct a clandestine, global dirty B-C-G-R-N war between government, private, independent 
defence leagues' security services of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Worlds and their populations. Together they 
operate a global system of labor camps for electro-magnetic-bio-chem-genetic programming of social-
psychological-physiological profiles to transform man into a cloneable, programmable augmented cy-
borg-chimera and to eliminate human roots of dissenting, hostile and moral voices.

The Chimney     The Belfrey
to my friend Hannah Ungar     
Daily behind the barraks      Daily behindlightec ads
I see fire and smoke abound      Silenced are exhorting voices
Jews,stoop down your necks,    Against torture and autocrats
You will be gased and burned.    In whimpers and muted cries.
Don't you see in the haze      They are being called to order
A torture torn face?      By collapse and secret power.
Doesn't it call with derision:      Docs, lawyers break for pause
Five million already devoured.    A few drops for a good cause.
Auschwitz is held in its vices -     Millions sent to their last refuge,
Everything, everything is cinder.    Always, always the bells accuse.
Ruth Krüger (1944) (abr. trans.)     Udo Frentzen (2014)
8d) Self-extinction Man has allowed himself to be prostituted by his lower instincts of prestige, power, possessions and pleasure to fall in freedom of action indefinitely low, if not arrested. After colonialism, two world wars and genocide, today, the sum of multiple, escalating gross corruptions in excess of boundaries will lead with modern technologies of mass destruction inevitably to planetary catastrophes, enslavement and collapse of political-social systems and self-extinction of mankind. 36 ~ PDF ~ ~ Home ~